Surface Weather Observations


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                deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                city:  Asheville
                administrativeArea:  NC
                postalCode:  28801-5001
                country:  USA
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    dateStamp:  2018-11-05
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Surface Weather Observations
            alternateTitle:  SWO
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  1890
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NCEI WebARTIS: SWO
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C00011
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                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NWS > National Weather Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NWS > National Weather Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                organisationName:  United States Weather Bureau
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                organisationName:  United States Weather Bureau
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        abstract:  The Surface Weather Observation Collection consists primarily of hourly, synoptic, daily, and monthly forms submitted to the archive by the National Weather Service (formerly the U.S. Weather Bureau). Other groups, including the U.S. military and local and state governments have also submitted surface weather observations that are part of this collection. All data within the collection consist of tabulated observations at designated land stations. Observations usually include temperature, precipitation, sky conditions, pressure, and other atmospheric phenomena. Subsets of the collection have been scanned and made available as digital images upon request (see associated resources). These subsets are generally broken down into finer time scale (for example, monthly vs hourly observations) or by a specific time period (for example, pre-1948).
        purpose:  Surface Weather Observations provide invaluable in situ observations to the global community. They provide a snapshot of the climate or weather on a given day or hour, aiding researches in the development of climate and weather models, historical context, and many other purposes.
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                    deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                    deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                    city:  Asheville
                    administrativeArea:  NC
                    postalCode:  28801-5001
                    country:  USA
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        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Anticyclones/Cyclones
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Pressure Anomalies
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Solid Precipitation > Hail
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Amount
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Anomalies
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Rate
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Liquid Precipitation > Rain
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Solid Precipitation > Ice Pellets > Sleet
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Solid Precipitation > Snow
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Air Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Maximum/Minimum Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Temperature Anomalies
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
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                edition:  Version 8.6
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Precipitation
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Pressure
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Wind Speed And Direction
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Upper-air - Cloud Properties
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
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                    date:  2017
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                edition:  Release 2017
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                    organisationName:  World Meteorological Organization, United Nations
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                            linkage: https://public.wmo.int/en/programmes/global-climate-observing-system/essential-climate-variables
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                            applicationProfile:  Information
                            name:  GCOS Essential Climate Variables
                            description:  Overview of the GCOS Essential Climate Variables.
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            keyword:  Continent > North America > United States Of America
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  Vertical Location > Land Surface
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  Meteorological Stations
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  Thermometers
            keyword:  Anemometers
            keyword:  Rain Gauges
            keyword:  Barometers
            keyword:  Visual Observations
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
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            otherConstraints:  Cite this dataset when used as a source.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Monthly Weather Observations
                date: (missing)
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C01105
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                            name:  Monthly Weather Observations
                            description:  Landing page for imaged monthly forms found in the SWO library.
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                title:  Surface Weather Observations Hourly
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                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C01106
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
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                            name:  Surface Weather Observations Hourly
                            description:  Landing page for imaged hourly forms found in the SWO library.
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                title:  Summary of the Day Observations - Misawa Japan
                date: (missing)
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C01316
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
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                            name:  SOD Observations - Misawa Japan Landing Page
                            description:  A subset the SWO library for Summary of Day observations from Misawa Japan was keyed directly from paper forms and microfiche. Please follow the link for more information about the keyed data.
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        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
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                extentTypeCode:  1
                westBoundLongitude:  134.0
                eastBoundLongitude:  -64.0
                southBoundLatitude:  -15.0
                northBoundLatitude:  72.0
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                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  ground condition
                    beginPosition:  1890
                    endPosition:
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                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
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                        postalCode:  28801-5001
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                    linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00011
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Information
                    name:  SWO Landing Page
                    description:  General information and access links for the dataset.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  PDF
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize: (missing)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/EdadsV2/
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Data Search Application
                    name:  EV2 Image Access System
                    description:  A subset of the SWO collection can be found in multiple libraries in EV2, including "Surface Weather Observation Forms (1001)" (monthly) and "Surface Weather Observations" (hourly)
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) order
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  MICROFICHE / PAPER / MICROFILM
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize: (missing)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/webartis
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                    name:  NCEI WebARTIS
                    description:  Search WebARTIS--collection SWO--for more detail about available data in the physical archives.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  MICROFICHE / PAPER / MICROFILM
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize: (missing)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/contact
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                    name:  NCEI Customer Support
                    description:  NCEI provides customers with information and data from the NCEI archive. To order NCEI products and services contact the customer support team.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) offlineAccess
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  Paper forms were submitted to the Archive by the United States Weather Bureau and later, its successor, the National Weather Service. Stations were located all over the country, including municipal offices, airports, and other federal sites. Over the years, some of the paper forms were migrated to microfilm and fiche by the archive, then later digitally imaged through the Climate Data Modernization Program. Refer to the associated datasets [subsets] to learn more about the digitization process. Forms that are still only available on paper of fiche can be requested.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  TEMPERATURE SENSORS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  DRY BULB THERMOMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  TEMPERATURE LOGGERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  WET BULB THERMOMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  BAROMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ALTIMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  HYGROMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  WIND VANES
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ANEMOMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  RAIN GAUGES
            type: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  WEATHER STATIONS
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)