United States Climate Reference Network (USCRN) Raw Data Transmitted from Satellite

browse graphicStation Picture
USCRN Raw Transmitted Data is level 0 data received from the USCRN stations that are transmitted continuously. The data values are ingested with a unique 18-bit format due to satellite transmission limitations (documentation will be archived along with data); code is also included to read the bit format and parse out values for a stream. As of 2017, there are 26 possible stream format versions over the history of the USCRN network; format versions are dependent on hardware/software upgrades to the USCRN network and may increase over time. The data stream includes observations taken by USCRN stations for temperature, precipitation, etc., but users are encouraged to use downstream, processed versions of the data, due to the complexity of reading the satellite-encoded format (see documentation for more information).

As of 2017, data are ingested via various mechanisms, including: an LRGS receiver connected to the NOAA and EDDN satellite networks, a domestic communications satellite (DOMSAT) receiver located at NCEI, and parsed data from NOAAPort. Numerous data files from different sources (usually with a distinct filenaming convention based on source) are collected throughout the month and are separated into subdirectories based on the date of ingest into the CRN database. Files from all sources and all days for the month are packaged together into a monthly archive file.
  • USCRN Program requests that publications using this dataset should also cite the following article: Diamond, H.J., T.R. Karl, M.A. Palecki, C.B. Baker, J.E. Bell, R.D. Leeper, D.R. Easterling, J.H. Lawrimore, T.P. Meyers, M.R. Helfert, G. Goodge, and P.W. Thorne, 2013: U.S. Climate Reference Network after one decade of operations: status and assessment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00170.
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
  • NCEI DSI 6117_01
  • NCEI DSI 6117_02
  • gov.noaa.ncdc:C00309
Order Data
Distribution Formats
  • 18-bit raw satellite format archive in tar file
    • File Compression: See documentation for more information.
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Coverage Description
Time Period 2000-11-15 to Present
Spatial Reference System urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 72.0
S: 18.0
E: -65.0
W: 172.0
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2000-11-15
  • revision: 2017-09-30
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Ongoing - data is continually being updated
Data Update Frequency Continual
Purpose USCRN's primary goal is to provide future long-term homogeneous observations of temperature and precipitation that can be coupled to long-term historical observations for the detection and attribution of present and future climate change. Each station location is carefully selected to capture the representative climate regions of the nation. Data from the USCRN will be used in operational climate monitoring activities and for placing current climate anomalies into an historical perspective. The USCRN Raw data provides a Near-Real-Time data flow that can be used to produce high-quality datasets on a faster time scale.
Use Limitations
  • There may be issues with satellite connectivity. Data are provided as best available until finalized with DataLogger data (see documentation).
Dataset Citation
  • USCRN Program requests that publications using this dataset should also cite the following article: Diamond, H.J., T.R. Karl, M.A. Palecki, C.B. Baker, J.E. Bell, R.D. Leeper, D.R. Easterling, J.H. Lawrimore, T.P. Meyers, M.R. Helfert, G. Goodge, and P.W. Thorne, 2013: U.S. Climate Reference Network after one decade of operations: status and assessment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00170.
  • If emphasizing soil moisture/temperature data, USCRN Program requests that publications using this dataset should also cite the following article: Bell, J.E., M.A. Palecki, C.B. Baker, W.G. Collins, J.H. Lawrimore, R.D. Leeper, M.E. Hall, J. Kochendorfer, T.P. Meyers, T. Wilson, and H.J. Diamond. 2013: U.S. Climate Reference Network Soil Moisture and Temperature Observations. J. Hydrometeorol., doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-12-0146.1
Cited Authors
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Originators
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Air Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Maximum/Minimum Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature
  • Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Amount
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor Indicators > Humidity
  • Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds
  • Atmosphere > Atmospheric Radiation > Incoming Solar Radiation
  • Atmosphere > Atmospheric Radiation > Solar Radiation
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Surface Thermal Properties > Skin Temperature
  • Land Surface > Soils > Soil Moisture/Water Content
  • Land Surface > Soils > Soil Texture
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Surface Thermal Properties > Land Surface Temperature
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Wind Speed And Direction
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Precipitation
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Surface Radiation Budget
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Water Vapour
  • Terrestrial - Soil Moisture
  • Terrestrial - Land Surface Temperature
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Meteorological Stations
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • Anemometers
  • Pyranometers
  • Fan-aspirated Radiation Shield
  • Rain Gauges
  • Soil Temperature Probe
  • Soil Moisture Probe
  • Temperature Sensors
  • Humidity Sensors
  • Thermometers
  • Disdrometers
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Polar
  • Geographic Region > Mid-Latitude
  • Continent > North America
  • Continent > North America > United States Of America
  • Continent > North America > United States Of America > Hawaii
  • Continent > North America > United States Of America > Alaska
Project keywords
  • U.S. Climate Reference Network > USCRN
Data Resolution keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Horizontal Data Resolution Keywords
  • 250 km - < 500 km or approximately 2.5 degrees - < 5.0 degrees
  • 1 meter - < 30 meters
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Vertical Data Resolution Keywords
  • < 1 meter
  • 1 meter - < 10 meters
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Temporal Data Resolution Keywords
  • Hourly - < Daily
  • 1 minute - < 1 hour
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
  • Vertical Location > Boundary Layer
Use Constraints
  • USCRN Program requests that publications using this dataset should also cite the following article: Diamond, H.J., T.R. Karl, M.A. Palecki, C.B. Baker, J.E. Bell, R.D. Leeper, D.R. Easterling, J.H. Lawrimore, T.P. Meyers, M.R. Helfert, G. Goodge, and P.W. Thorne, 2013: U.S. Climate Reference Network after one decade of operations: status and assessment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00170.
  • If emphasizing soil moisture/temperature data, USCRN Program requests that publications using this dataset should also cite the following article: Bell, J.E., M.A. Palecki, C.B. Baker, W.G. Collins, J.H. Lawrimore, R.D. Leeper, M.E. Hall, J. Kochendorfer, T.P. Meyers, T. Wilson, and H.J. Diamond. 2013: U.S. Climate Reference Network Soil Moisture and Temperature Observations. J. Hydrometeorol., doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-12-0146.1
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • Anemometers
  • Pyranometers
  • Fan-aspirated Radiation Shield
  • Rain Gauges
  • Soil Temperature Probe
  • Soil Moisture Probe
  • Temperature Sensors
  • Humidity Sensors
  • Infrared Thermometers
  • Disdrometers
Platform
  • Meteorological Stations
Last Modified: 2018-05-25
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.orders@noaa.gov