Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN), Version 1 (Version Superseded)

**Please note, this dataset has been superseded by a newer version (see below). Users should not use this version except in rare cases (e.g., when reproducing previous studies that used this version).** The Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) Version 1 is a comprehensive, global, surface, baseline, climate data set designed for monitoring and detecting climate change. Comprised of surface station observations of temperature, precipitation, and pressure, all GHCN data are monthly. GHCN was produced jointly by the NCDC, Arizona State University, and the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). GHCN version 1 was released in August of 1992 and has data from ~6,000 Temperature stations ~7,500 Precipitation stations ~2,000 Pressure stations The earliest station data was from 1697. The most recent is from 1990. Version 1 was created from 15 source data sets. Quality Control includes visual inspection of graphs of all station time series, tests for precipitation digitized 6 months out of phase, tests for different stations having identical data, and other tests.
  • Users must cite this dataset as: Russel S. Vose, Richard L. Schmoyer, Peter M. Steurer, Thomas C. Peterson, Richard Heim, Thomas R. Karl, Jon K. Eischeid(1992): Global Historical Climatology Network, Version 1. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. [access date].
  • NCEI DSI 9100_01
  • gov.noaa.ncdc:C00422
Search Data
  • NCEI Customer Service (search)
    For access to this version of the dataset (superseded), please contact the Customer Engagement Branch.
Distribution Formats
  • ASCII Text
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Time Period 1697-01-01 to 1992-10-01
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90.0
S: -90.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
Dataset Information
  • GHCN-Monthly Website
    Visit the website for more information about the current GHCN-Monthly products.
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: unknown
Edition Version 1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Superseded - replaced by new
Data Update Frequency Not planned
Purpose To monitor long-term trends in temperature and precipitation.
Dataset Citation
  • Users must cite this dataset as: Russel S. Vose, Richard L. Schmoyer, Peter M. Steurer, Thomas C. Peterson, Richard Heim, Thomas R. Karl, Jon K. Eischeid(1992): Global Historical Climatology Network, Version 1. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. [access date].
Cited Authors
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Originators
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Maximum/Minimum Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Air Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Surface Pressure
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Atmospheric Pressure Measurements
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Amount
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Meteorological Stations
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • Thermometers
  • Rain Gauges
  • Barometers
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Global
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Land Surface
Use Constraints
  • **Please note, this dataset has been superseded by a newer version. Users should not use this version except in rare cases (e.g., when reproducing previous studies that used this version).**
  • Users must cite this dataset as: Russel S. Vose, Richard L. Schmoyer, Peter M. Steurer, Thomas C. Peterson, Richard Heim, Thomas R. Karl, Jon K. Eischeid(1992): Global Historical Climatology Network, Version 1. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. [access date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement The compilation of the GHCN data base took place in several stages, beginning with data set acquisition. The GHCN data base was assembled from various national-, continental-, and global-scale data bases. It also includes previously undigitized data that either extends the records of WMSSC stations or consists of observations from additional stations. The second step in the compilation of the GHCN data base entailed scrutinizing and revising all station inventory parameters. In the third compilation step, all data sets were merged and subjected to a process that removed the numerous "duplicate" stations. In the final compilation step, all stations in the data base were subjected to a two-part quality control analysis.
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • 1992-07-01T00:00:00 - For a complete description of all processing steps associated with the creation of the dataset, please refer to the documentation.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-05-25
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.orders@noaa.gov