Northeast Snowfall Impact Scale (NESIS)


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        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Northeast Snowfall Impact Scale (NESIS)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2006-01-01
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                code:  NCEI DSI 3289_01
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                code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C00453
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                        linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/snow-and-ice/rsi/nesis
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                        name:  The Northeast Snowfall Impact Scale (NESIS) web page.
                        description:  For more information and links to the NESIS maps and data.
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        abstract:  While the Fujita and Saffir-Simpson Scales characterize tornadoes and hurricanes respectively, there is no widely used scale to classify snowstorms. The Northeast Snowfall Impact Scale (NESIS) developed by Paul Kocin of The Weather Channel and Louis Uccellini of the National Weather Service characterizes and ranks high-impact Northeast snowstorms. These storms have large areas of 10 inch snowfall accumulations and greater. NESIS has five categories: Extreme, Crippling, Major, Significant, and Notable. The index differs from other meteorological indices in that it uses population information in addition to meteorological measurements. Thus NESIS gives an indication of a storm's societal impacts. NESIS scores are a function of the area affected by the snowstorm, the amount of snow, and the number of people living in the path of the storm. The aerial distribution of snowfall and population information are combined in an equation that calculates a NESIS score which varies from around one for smaller storms to over ten for extreme storms. The raw score is then converted into one of the five NESIS categories. The largest NESIS values result from storms producing heavy snowfall over large areas that include major metropolitan centers. For details on how NESIS scores are calculated at the National Climatic Data Center, see Squires and Lawrimore (2006).
        purpose:  The NESIS was developed because of the impact snowstorms in the northeast can have on the rest of the country in terms of transportation and economic impact.
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            fileName: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/metadata/images/C00453_NESIS-rankings.png
            fileDescription:  NESIS rankings and maps for snowstorm events.
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            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Solid Precipitation > Snow
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                title:  A Snowfall Impact Scale Derived From Northeast Storm Snowfall Distributions
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                    organisationName:  Squires, M. F.
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                title:  Regional Snowfall Impact Scale
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                            description:  An evolution of the NESIS, see the landing page for more information about the RSI Index
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        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Snowfall Events: Historical measured snowfall events in the northeastern U.S. For more information, see: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/snow-and-ice/rsi/nesis
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                aName:  Northeast Snowfall Impact Scale (NESIS) Value
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            descriptor:  NESIS scores are a function of the area affected by the snowstorm, the amount of snow, and the number of people living in the path of the storm.
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            definition:  NESIS Category that rates the impact of a storm event
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              Record:  1: Notable Category Snowfall Event
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              Record:  2: Significant Category Snowfall Event
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              Record:  3: Major Category Snowfall Event
            rangeElement:
              Record:  4: Crippling Category Snowfall Event
            rangeElement:
              Record:  5: Extreme Category Snowfall Event
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                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  XML
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  1
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00453
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Description
                    name:  Northeast Snowfall Impact Scale (NESIS) Landing Page
                    description:  Dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/snow-and-ice/rsi/nesis
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Data Search Application
                name:  The Northeast Snowfall Impact Scale (NESIS)
                description:  NESIS rankings and maps for snowstorm events.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/surface-snow-products/
                applicationProfile:  Download
                name:  FTP directory for Surface Snow Products
                description:  Download the Northeast Snowfall Impact Index and other related products.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  NESIS scores are a function of the area affected by the snowstorm, the amount of snow, and the number of people living in the path of the storm. For more information, please review documentation relating to the dataset.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  For details on how NESIS scores are calculated at the National Climatic Data Center, see documentation associated with the dataset.
                dateTime: (unknown)
                source:  #snowdb
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source dataset
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Snowstorm Database
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date: (unknown)
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  NCEI DSI 3288_01
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C00464
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00464
                                protocol:  HTTPS
                                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                name:  Snowstorm Database
                                description:  Landing page for the Snowstorm Database, including links and other information.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role: (inapplicable)
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1900-01-01
                            endPosition:
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Provided population data for data calculations
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  U.S. Counties (Generalized) [from Census 2000]
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  20020401
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                    edition:  2002
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  ESRI > Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc.
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: http://www.esri.com/data/data-maps
                                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                name:  Data and Maps for ArcGIS
                                description:  Links to the map information used.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role: (missing)
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1900-01-01
                            endPosition:
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SNOW MEASURING ROD
            type: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)