Global Synoptic Climatology Network (GSCN)

GSCN-Canada; GSCN-USSR

Dataset DSI-9290 is the result of a joint effort to create a Global Synoptic Climatology Network among the Meteorological Service of Canada (Downsview, Ontario and Vancouver, British Columbia), Research Institute for Hydrometeorological Information, of the Russian State Committee for Hydrometeorology, Obninsk, Russian Federation, and NOAA National Climatic Data Center. Subset 9290a is a compilation of in situ hourly meteorological observations for Canada from approximately 170 active stations, which can be operationally updated from the entire list of 768 locations, and another 350 stations are updatable with a delay. The maximum period of the data span is from January 1, 1953 to February 21, 2005. Subset 9290c is a compilation of in situ hourly meteorological observations for the former USSR. The number of stations in subset 9290c varies over the period of record, with as many as 2095 stations in the entire former USSR prior to 1991; much of the most recent data is primarily from Russia (now the Russian Federation). The maximum period of the data span is from January 1, 1871 to January 1, 2001. For both subsets the data variables include sea level and station pressure, surface air temperature, water vapor pressure, relative humidity, wind speed and direction, several characteristics of cloudiness, and present weather.
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source.
  • NCEI DSI 9290_01
  • gov.noaa.ncdc:C00604
Other Access
  • NCEI Customer Support (offlineAccess)
    Data in this archival information package are not currently available for public download from NCEI. Please contact NCEI Information Services directly for access to these data.
Distribution Formats
  • ASCII
Ordering Instructions Data in this archival information package are not currently available for public download from NCEI. Please contact NCEI Information Services directly for access to these data.
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Time Period 1871-01-01 to 2005-02-21 (time interval: 1-day)
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 82.52
S: 35.28
E: 52.75
W: 14.3
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2005
Edition Two subsets: 9290a Canada; 9290c Former USSR
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Not planned
Purpose To make a wide range of climatic data available to researchers and the public.
Use Limitations
  • See document for each subset.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source.
Cited Authors
  • Pavel Groisman
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Principal Investigators
  • Pavel Groisman
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Sea Level Pressure
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Surface Pressure
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor Indicators > Humidity > Relative Humidity
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds > Wind Direction
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds > Wind Speed
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Dynamics
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Properties
Keyword Thesaurus Title
  • Meteorological Service Of Canada
  • All-russian Research Institute For Hydrometeorological Information
  • Global Synoptic Climatology Network
  • Visual Observations Of Clouds And Weather
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Ground Stations
  • In Situ Land-based Platforms > Ground-based Observations
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • Thermometers
  • Barometers
  • Anemometers
  • In Situ/Laboratory Instruments > Temperature/Humidity Sensors > Hygrometers
  • In Situ/Laboratory Instruments > Temperature/Humidity Sensors > Psychrometers
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Continent > North America > Canada
  • Continent > Europe > Eastern Europe > Russia
  • Continent > Asia > Western Asia > Armenia
  • Continent > Asia > Western Asia > Azerbaijan
  • Continent > Europe > Eastern Europe > Belarus
  • Continent > Europe > Northern Europe > Estonia
  • Continent > Asia > Western Asia > Georgia
  • Continent > Asia > Southcentral Asia > Kazakhstan
  • Continent > Asia > Southcentral Asia > Kyrgyzstan
  • Continent > Europe > Northern Europe > Latvia
  • Continent > Europe > Northern Europe > Lithuania
  • Continent > Europe > Eastern Europe > Moldova
  • Continent > Asia > Southcentral Asia > Tajikistan
  • Continent > Asia > Southcentral Asia > Turkmenistan
  • Continent > Europe > Eastern Europe > Ukraine
  • Continent > Asia > Southcentral Asia > Uzbekistan
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
Use Constraints
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source.
  • NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NCEI makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement There are two subsets to DSI-9290, Global synoptic climatological network (GSCN): subset 9290a contains data from Canada, and subset 9290c contains data from the former USSR. Separate documentation manuals exist for each subset and explain the exact periods of record and details of data collection and quality. The file structure is similar for both GSCN subsets.
Processing Steps
  • Merge of synoptic data from Canada and USSR. See documentation for more information.
Processing Environment The data files were created using FORTRAN.
Source Datasets
  • Synoptic Data from Canada
    • Synoptic Data from USSR
      Lineage information for: repository
      Processing Steps
      • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
      Last Modified: 2018-05-04
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