Surface Weather Observation 1001 Forms (Keyed)


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                deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
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                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
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                name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
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    dateStamp:  2018-11-05
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Surface Weather Observation 1001 Forms (Keyed)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date: (unknown)
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NCEI DSI 3850_01
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C00622
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                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
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        abstract:  In order to fill in the observation gap prior to the time when commercial aviation began in the U.S., The NCDC Climate Data Modernization Program (CDMP) retrieved surface observations taken two to four times daily beginning as early as 1893 at the City Weather Bureau Offices. Through 1936 observations were taken twice daily; then in 1937 the general practice was to record four observations per day. Since this data overlaps with the pre-1948 hourly dataset DSI-3851 (surface airways observations) (C00623), data for each station were not keyed once their observations overlapped with the DSI-3851 data which generally contains more observations per day. The data elements are as follows: station pressure, sea level pressure, dry and wet bulb temperature, dew point, maximum and minimum temperature, wind direction and speed, precipitation, cloud amount and type, ceiling, state of weather and visibility. It should be noted that not all elements are present for all stations in this dataset, and that ceiling and visibility observations did not begin at the city offices until the 1930's. Official surface weather observation standards can be found in the Circular N manuals. When hourly observations were not conducted, observational data from stations were keyed. These data can be found in DSI-3850 (C00622). The complimentary pre-1948 hourly observations dataset is DSI-3851 (surface airways observations) (C00623).
        purpose:  To make a wide range of climatic data available to researchers and the public.
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            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Anticyclones/Cyclones
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Pressure Anomalies
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Sea Level Pressure
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Atmospheric Pressure Measurements
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Surface Pressure
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Solid Precipitation > Hail
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Amount
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Anomalies
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Rate
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Liquid Precipitation > Rain
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Solid Precipitation > Ice Pellets > Sleet
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Solid Precipitation > Snow
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Temperature Anomalies
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Air Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Maximum/Minimum Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor Indicators > Dew Point Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Properties > Cloud Frequency
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Properties > Cloud Ceiling
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Types
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Air Quality > Visibility
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Precipitation
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Pressure
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Wind Speed And Direction
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Upper-air - Cloud Properties
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                title:  Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
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                edition:  Release 2017
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            keyword:  Continent > North America > United States Of America
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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            keyword:  Meteorological Stations
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  Thermometers
            keyword:  Anemometers
            keyword:  Rain Gauges
            keyword:  In Situ/Laboratory Instruments > Pressure/Height Meters > APS > Air Pressure Sensor
            keyword:  Visual Observations
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                    date:  2018
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  Vertical Location > Land Surface
            keyword:  Vertical Location > Tropsphere
            keyword:  Vertical Location > Stratosphere
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            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Complex Quality Assurance of Historical Hourly Surface Airways Meteorological Data
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2004-01-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Graybeal, D. Y.
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                    organisationName:  A. T. DeGaetano
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                    organisationName:  K. L. Eggleston
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                            linkage: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/1520-0426(2004)021%3C1156%3ACQAOHH%3E2.0.CO%3B2
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  (Science Paper) Complex Quality Assurance of Historical Hourly Surface Airways Meteorological Data
                            description:  Science paper associated with the dataset.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
                series:  (CI_Series)
                    name:  J. Atmos.Oceanic Technol
                    issueIdentification:  21
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                title:  Improved Quality Assurance for Historical Hourly Temperature and Humidity: Development and Application to Environmental Analysis
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2004-01-01
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                    organisationName:  Graybeal, D. Y.
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                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1175/JAM2162.1
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                            name:  (Science Paper) Improved Quality Assurance for Historical Hourly Temperature and Humidity: Development and Application to Environmental Analysis
                            description:  Science paper associated with the dataset.
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                    name:  J. Appl. Meteor.
                    issueIdentification:  43
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                title:  Monthly Surface Weather Observations Forms (Images)
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                            linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C01105
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                            name:  Monthly Surface Weather Observations Forms (Images) Landing Page
                            description:  The original forms from which the digitized data derives are part of the Monthly Surface Weather Observations collection.
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                title:  Surface Airways Observations (SAO) Hourly Data 1928-1948 (CDMP) (Keyed)
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                            linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00623
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                            name:  Surface Airways Observations (SAO) Hourly Data 1928-1948 (CDMP) (Keyed) Landing Page
                            description:  Closely related with this collection are raw keyed data found in the Surface Airways Observations (SAO) Hourly Data 1928-1948 (CDMP) (Keyed) data collection.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) collection
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -180
                eastBoundLongitude:  180
                southBoundLatitude:  -90
                northBoundLatitude:  90
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1893-01-01
                    endPosition:  1948-12-31
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    contentInfo:  (MD_FeatureCatalogueDescription)
        includedWithDataset: (missing)
        featureCatalogueCitation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Data Documentation for Data Set 3850 (DSI 3850) Surface Weather Observations Forms 1001
            date: (inapplicable)
            otherCitationDetails:  Entity and Attribute Detail Citation: None
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  XML
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  1
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00622
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Description
                    name:  Surface Weather Observation 1001 Forms Landing Page
                    description:  Dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  ASCII
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize: (missing)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/contact
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                    name:  NCEI Customer Support
                    description:  Data in this archival information package are not currently available for public download from NCEI. Please contact NCEI Information Services directly for access to these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) offlineAccess
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  PDF
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  1.1
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/documentlibrary/tddoc/td3850.pdf
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Information
                    name:  Data documentation for Data Set: 3850 (DSI-3850) Surface Weather Observation Forms 1001
                    description:  NCDC documentation manual (PDF) for the dataset dated 31 Jan 2006. 19 pages.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  Original observations were taken at Weather Bureau stations across the United States and sent to a central location. In the early 2000s these original forms were scanned into digital image files. From these images the data were keyed to create this dataset.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  A subset of information from the original data forms was keyed and incorporated into this collection.
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Climate Data Modernization Program
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  sd001
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  The dataset was keyed from physical WB-1001 forms belonging to the Monthly Weather Observations (SWO) collection.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Monthly Weather Observations (Surface Weather Observation Forms WB-1001)
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C01105
                                protocol:  HTTPS
                                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                name:  Monthly Surface Weather Observations Forms (Images) Landing Page
                                description:  More information about the source dataset can be found on its landing page.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role: (missing)
                sourceStep:  ps001
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  TEMPERATURE SENSORS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  DRY BULB THERMOMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  TEMPERATURE LOGGERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  WET BULB THERMOMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  BAROMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ALTIMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  HYGROMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  WIND VANES
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ANEMOMETERS
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  RAIN GAUGES
            type: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  WEATHER STATIONS
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)