NOAA Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites (POES) Radiometer Data

National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) Polar Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) Radiometer Data

browse graphicAVHRR Visible imagery over the southeastern US.
The Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) series offers the advantage of daily global coverage, by making nearly polar orbits 14 times per day approximately 520 miles above the surface of the Earth. The Earth's rotation allows the satellite to see a different view with each orbit, and each satellite provides two complete views of a location around the world each day. The POES constellation of weather satellites is a joint effort between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) is a cross-track scanning system with five spectral bands having a resolution of 1.1 km and a frequency of earth scans twice per day (usually 0230 and 1430 local solar time) on NOAA and EUMETSAT satellites. There are three data types produced from the NOAA POES AVHRR. The Global Area Coverage (GAC) data set is reduced resolution image data that is processed onboard the satellite taking only one line out of every three and averaging every four of five adjacent samples along the scan line; the Local Area Coverage (LAC) data set is recorded onboard at original resolution (1.1 km) for part of an orbit and later transmitted to earth; and the High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT) is real-time downlink data. The EUMETSAT MetOp satellite series, initially launched on October 19, 2006, produces the same three data types as well as a fourth data type, Global Full Resolution Area Coverage (FRAC 1.1 km). The MetOp polar orbiting operational meteorological satellite system is the European contribution to the Initial Joint Polar-Orbiting Operational Satellite System (IJPS). AVHRR data provide opportunities for studying and monitoring vegetation conditions in ecosystems including forests, tundra and grasslands. Applications include agricultural assessment, land cover mapping, producing image maps of large areas such as countries or continents, and tracking regional and continental snow cover. AVHRR data are also used to retrieve various geophysical parameters such as sea surface temperatures and energy budget data.
  • Users should cite this dataset when used as a source.
  • gov.noaa.class:AVHRR
  • gov.noaa.ncdc:C00683
Search Data
Distribution Formats
  • NOAA Level 1B (Version: NOAA Level 1B formatting has evolved as follows: * Original 1B format: Used until September 8, 1992. * Version 1: Used between September 8, 1992 and November 15, 1994. * Version 2: Used on all NOAA KLM (NOAA-15, 16 and 17) data until April 28, 2005. * Version 3: Level 1b format for data processed from the NOAA-15, 16 and 17 instruments beginning in early 2005.For more detailed information go to: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/pod-guide/ncdc/docs/intro.htm.)
    • File Specification: 1B format is raw data in 10 bit precision that has been quality controlled, assembled into discrete data sets, and to which Earth location and calibration information has been appended, but not applied. File name format is - Processing-Center.Data-Type.Spacecraft-Unique-ID.Year-Day.Start-Time.Stop-Time.Processing-Block-ID.Source (e.g. NSS.GHRR.NM.D06233.S2314.E0109.B2161415.WI). For details go to Help pages at http://www.class.noaa.gov.
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Coverage Description gov.noaa.ncdc:C00683
Time Period 1978-11-05 to Present
Spatial Reference System urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90
S: -90
E: 180
W: -180
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 1978-11-05
Data Presentation Form Digital image
Dataset Progress Status Ongoing - data is continually being updated
Data Update Frequency Continual
Supplemental Information
Data types: Global Area Coverage (GAC) Local Area Coverage (LAC 1.1km) High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT) Full Resolution Area Coverage (FRAC 1.1 km)
Purpose The objective of the AVHRR instrument is to provide radiance data for investigation of clouds, land-water boundaries, snow and ice extent, ice or snow melt inception, day and night cloud distribution, temperatures of radiating surfaces, and sea surface temperature, through passively measured visible, near infrared and thermal infrared spectral radiation bands.
Dataset Citation
  • Users should cite this dataset when used as a source.
Cited Authors
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office of Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Originators
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office of Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Spectral/Engineering > Infrared Wavelengths > Brightness Temperatures
  • Earth Science > Spectral/Engineering > Infrared Wavelengths > Infrared Imagery
  • Earth Science > Spectral/Engineering > Infrared Wavelengths > Infrared Radiances
  • Earth Science > Spectral/Engineering > Visible Wavelengths > Visible Imagery
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Radiation > Reflectance
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Surface Radiative Properties > Reflectance
NGDA Portfolio Themes
  • Ngda
  • National Geospatial Data Asset
  • Climate And Weather Theme
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
  • AVHRR-2 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-2
  • AVHRR-3 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-3
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global
Use Constraints
  • Users should cite this dataset when used as a source.
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSDPD/IPD > Information Processing Division, Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • At NOAA, Polar Data Preprocessing (PDP) Processors ingest POES and METOP raw satellite Level 1A data sets and generate 1B data types. The instrument data is calibrated and Earth location data is applied.
Source Datasets
  • AVHRR Level 1A data
    • AVHRR - Level 1 from METOP
      • Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
        Lineage information for: dataset
        Lineage information for: repository
        Processing Steps
        • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
        Acquisition Information (collection)
        Instrument
        • AVHRR/3 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
        • AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
        • AVHRR/2 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/2
        • AVHRR/3 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
        • HIRS/3 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/3
        • AMSU-A > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
        • AMSU-B > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit B
        • SBUV/2 > Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet Radiometer/2
        • SEM-2 > Space Environment Monitor-2
        • AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • AVHRR/3 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
        • HIRS/4 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/4
        • AMSU-A > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
        • MHS > Microwave Humidity Sounder
        • SBUV/2 > Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet Radiometer/2
        • SEM-2 > Space Environment Monitor-2
        • AVHRR/2 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/2
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • SBUV/2 > Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet Radiometer/2
        • AVHRR/3 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
        • HIRS/4 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/4
        • AMSU-A > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
        • MHS > Microwave Humidity Sounder
        • SBUV/2 > Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet Radiometer/2
        • SEM-2 > Space Environment Monitor-2
        • AVHRR/2 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/2
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • SBUV/2 > Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet Radiometer/2
        • AVHRR/3 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
        • HIRS/3 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/3
        • AMSU-A > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
        • AMSU-B > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit B
        • SBUV/2 > Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet Radiometer/2
        • SEM-2 > Space Environment Monitor-2
        • AMSU-A > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
        • ASCAT > Advanced Scatterometer
        • AVHRR/3 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
        • GOME-2 > Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2
        • HIRS/4 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/4
        • MHS > Microwave Humidity Sounder
        • GRAS > Global Navigation Satellite System Receiver for Atmospheric Sounding
        • IASI > Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer
        • SEM-2 > Space Environment Monitor-2
        • AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • AVHRR/2 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/2
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • AVHRR/2 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/2
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • SBUV/2 > Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet Radiometer/2
        • AVHRR/2 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/2
        • HIRS/2 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/2
        • MSU > Microwave Sounding Unit
        • SSU > Stratospheric Sounding Unit
        • AVHRR/3 > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
        • HIRS/3 > High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder/3
        • AMSU-A > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
        • AMSU-B > Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit B
        • SEM-2 > Space Environment Monitor-2
        Platform
        • NOAA-16 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-16
        • NOAA-8 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-8
        • NOAA-19 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-19
        • NOAA-9 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-9
        • NOAA-18 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-18
        • NOAA-14 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-14
        • NOAA-17 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-17
        • METOP-A > Meteorological Operational Satellite - A
        • NOAA-6 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-6
        • NOAA-7 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-7
        • NOAA-10 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-10
        • TIROS-N > Television Infrared Observation Satellite-N
        • NOAA-11 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-11
        • NOAA-12 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-12
        • NOAA-15 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-15
        Operation
        • POES > Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites
        Last Modified: 2018-05-25
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