Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature, Version 3.5


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            title:  Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature, Version 3.5
            alternateTitle:  MLOST v3.5; NOAA NCDC Global Surface Temperature v3.5
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2011-03-24
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            edition:  Version 3.5
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                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5Q23X5V
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                code:  NCEI DSI 6149_01
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        abstract:  The historical Merged Land-Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (MLOST) is derived from two independent analyses, an Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) analysis and a land surface temperature (LST) analysis using the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) temperature database. The data is merged into a compilation for monthly global surface temperature dating back from 1880 to the present, updated monthly, in gridded and timeseries formats. The changes from prior versions include improved tuning procedures, processing sea ice bias correction directly from ERSST, and the addition of satellite data. This data set is used in climate monitoring assessments of near-surface temperatures on a global scale.
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  For a complete description of use limiataions for this data set, see the associated documents.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite dataset when used as a source: Huang, B., T. Smith, J. Lawrimore, H.-M. Zhang, Merged Land-Ocean Surface Temperature, v3.5 [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Climatic Data Center. doi:10.7289/V5Q23X5V [access date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Improvements to NOAA's Historical Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (1880 to 2006)
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2008-05-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Journal of Climate, Volume 21 Issue 10
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  American Meteorological Society
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage:   http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/2007JCLI2100.1
                            name:  AMS Journal MLOST artical
                            description:  The AMS Journal of Climate website for the scientific paper describing NCEI's MLOST data set (May 2008).
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            aggregateDataSetIdentifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  doi:10.1175/2007JCLI2100.1
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) sciencePaper
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NOAA's Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (MLOST), version 3.5
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2012-11-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Volume 93, Issue 11 (November 2012)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  American Meteorological Society
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage:   http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00241.1
                            name:  AMS Journal MLOST artical
                            description:  The AMS Journal of Climate website for the scientific paper describing NOAA's Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (MLOST), version 3.5.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            aggregateDataSetIdentifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00241.1
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) sciencePaper
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            description:  Global Extent
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -180
                eastBoundLongitude:  180
                southBoundLatitude:  -90
                northBoundLatitude:  90
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  ground condition
                    beginPosition:  1880-01-01
                    endPosition:
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    contentInfo:  (MD_ImageDescription)
        attributeDescription: (inapplicable)
        contentType: (inapplicable)
        processingLevelCode:  (MD_Identifier)
            authority:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata - Appendix B, NOAA Data Product Levels
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2002-10-09
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  FGDC-STD-012-2002
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Federal Geographic Data Committee Secretariat c/o U.S. Geological Survey
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  590 National Center
                            administrativeArea:  Reston, VA 20192
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Standards Working Group, Federal Geographic Data Committee
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/csdgm_rs_ex/MetadataRemoteSensingExtens.pdf
                            applicationProfile:  PDF
                            name:  Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata, FGDC-STD-012-2002
                            description:  The purpose of this standard is to provide extensions to the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM) for describing geospatial data obtained from remote sensing.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (inapplicable)
            code:  Level 3
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  XML
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  1
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00759
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Description
                    name:  Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature, Version 3.5 Landing Page
                    description:  Dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  fixed-length ASCII text
                version: (unknown)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/mlost/operational/
                    applicationProfile:  Download
                    name:  NCEI download location for the Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature
                    description:  Data access for monthly and annual land and ocean temperature time series are available from 1880 to present for several zonal bands using HTTP.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  The Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (MLOST) combines a global sea surface (water) temperature (SST) dataset with a global land surface air temperature dataset into this merged dataset of both the Earth land and ocean surface temperatures. The SST dataset is the Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) version 3b. The land surface air temperature dataset is similar to ERSST, but uses data from the Global Historical Climatology Network Monthly (GHCNM) database. The data were produced by and are archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (MLOST) combines Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) version 3b and data from the Global Historical Climatology Network Monthly (GHCNM) database.
                rationale:
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                processingInformation:  (LE_Processing)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:
                          Anchor:  DOI doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00241.1
                    documentation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NOAA's Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (MLOST), version 3.5
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date:  2012-11-01
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        edition:  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Volume 93, Issue 11 (November 2012)
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName:  American Meteorological Society
                            role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName: (missing)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage:   http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00241.1
                                    name:  AMS Journal MLOST artical
                                    description:  The AMS Journal of Climate website for the scientific paper describing NOAA's Merged Land and Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (MLOST), version 3.5.
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                            role: (missing)
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  The sea surface temperature data was provided by the latest Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) verson 3b.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) version 3b
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2010-09-03
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                    edition:  Version 3b
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00833
                                name:  ERSST landing page
                                description:  This is the DOI landing page for the ERSST source data.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role: (missing)
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    description:
                    geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                        extentTypeCode:  1
                        westBoundLongitude:  -180.0
                        eastBoundLongitude:  180.0
                        southBoundLatitude:  -90.0
                        northBoundLatitude:  90.0
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            description:  ground condition
                            beginPosition:  1854-01-01
                            endPosition:
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  The sea surface temperature data was provided by the latest Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) verson 3b.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN)
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  1997-01-01
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                    edition:  Version 3
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00839
                                name:  GHCN landing page
                                description:  This is the DOI landing page for the GHCN source data.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role: (missing)
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    description:
                    geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                        extentTypeCode:  1
                        westBoundLongitude:  -180.0
                        eastBoundLongitude:  180.0
                        southBoundLatitude:  -90.0
                        northBoundLatitude:  90.0
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            description:  ground condition
                            beginPosition:  1701-01-01
                            endPosition:
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.