U.S. Climate Normals Product Suite (1981-2010)


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        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  U.S. Climate Normals Product Suite (1981-2010)
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                date:  2011-07-01
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                date:  2011-09-01
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                date:  2012-08-04
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                date:  2013-01-02
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                date:  2015-08-17
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                date:  2011-08-21
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                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5PN93JP
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        abstract:  The NOAA Climate Normals are a large suite of data products that provide users with many tools to understand typical climate conditions for thousands of locations across the United States, including the 30-year normals, 5, 10, 15, 20-year normals, agricultural normals, and others. For nearly 100 years, the 30-year NOAA Climate Normals have been a premier NOAA product of 30-year-averages of meteorological parameters. The 1981-2010 Climate Normals Product Suite has been expanded to meet more user needs and requirements spanning many different industries, including agriculture, heating and cooling, construction, and others. To ensure both quality and completeness, hundreds of NWS stations meeting stringent criteria are used, including those from NWS's Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) Network, some additional stations are included in the Supplemental Climate Normals for 1981-2010.
        purpose:  Climate Normals are a suite of products that provide users with the means to understand typical climate conditions for thousands of locations across the United States.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Anthony Arguez, Imke Durre, Scott Applequist, Mike Squires, Russell Vose, Xungang Yin, and Rocky Bilotta (2010). NOAA's U.S. Climate Normals (1981-2010). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. DOI:10.7289/V5PN93JP [access date].
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                title:  NOAA'S 1981-2010 U.S. Climate Normals -- An Overview
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                            name:  NOAA'S 1981-2010 U.S. Climate Normals -- An Overview
                            description:  A science paper providing an overview of the 1981-2010 Climate Normals
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                title:  (Superseded) NOAA's U.S. Climate Normals (1971-2000)
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                    date:  2011-07-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    positionName:  User Engagement and Services Branch
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  +1 (828) 271-4800
                            facsimile:  +1 (828) 271-4876
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                            deliveryPoint:  Federal Building, Room 468
                            city:  Asheville
                            administrativeArea:  NC
                            postalCode:  28801-5001
                            country:  USA
                            electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                        hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00115
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  U.S. Climate Normals (1971-2000) Landing Page
                            description:  The 1971-2000 Climate Normals have been superseded by the 1981-2010 Climate Normals. Users should not use the 1971-2000 Normals except in rare cases.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (inapplicable)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) largerWorkCitation
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) collection
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  172.0
                eastBoundLongitude:  -65.0
                southBoundLatitude:  15.0
                northBoundLatitude:  72.0
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1981-01-01
                    endPosition:  2010-12-31
        supplementalInformation:  Includes Supplemental Normals released 2012-10-15
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  CSV
            version: (missing)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  TSV
            version: (missing)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  fixed-length ASCII text
            version: (missing)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  ArcGIS
            version: (missing)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  KMZ
            version: (missing)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  PDF
            version: (missing)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://doi.org/10.7289/V5PN93JP
                applicationProfile:  Description
                name:  Climate Normals Landing Page
                description:  Climate normals are computed for the 30 year period from 1981 to 2010 for U.S. stations. Values include degree days, snowfall, frost/freeze dates, climate probabilities and statistics. Supplemental Normals are computed to meet specialized user needs, including the agricultural, energy, and construction sectors.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00821
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  Annual/Seasonal Climate Normals
                description:  More information about the Annual/Seasonal Climate Normals Products accessible through Climate Data Online.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00822
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  Monthly Climate Normals
                description:  More information about the Monthly Climate Normals Products accessible through Climate Data Online.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00823
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  Daily Climate Normals
                description:  More information about the Daily Climate Normals Products accessible through Climate Data Online.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00824
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  Hourly Climate Normals
                description:  More information about the Hourly Climate Normals Products accessible through Climate Data Online.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00815
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  Supplemental Climate Normals
                description:  More information about the Supplemental Climate Normals Products, including documentation specific to the Supplemental Products.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/
                applicationProfile:  Download
                name:  Climate Normals FTP Server
                description:  Dataset files available for download via FTP.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/readme.txt
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Documentation
                name:  README for Climate Normals
                description:  README describing the 1981-2010 Climate Normals.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/status.txt
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  STATUS document for the 1981-2010 Climate Normals
                description:  Status of the 1981-2010 Climate Normals.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/station-inventories/allstations.txt
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  All Station Inventory for the 1981-2010 Climate Normals
                description:  Complete station listing of all stations used in the 1981-2010 Climate Normals.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/station-inventories/snow-inventory.txt
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  Station Inventory for the Snow-Related 1981-2010 Climate Normals
                description:  Station listing of all stations used in the 1981-2010 Climate Normals for snow products.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/station-inventories/snwd-inventory.txt
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  Station Inventory for the Snow-Depth 1981-2010 Climate Normals
                description:  Station listing of all stations used in the 1981-2010 Climate Normals for snow deproducts.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  NOAA's 1981-2010 Climate Normals are the newest iteration of the U.S. Climate Normals. Though previous versions of the normals are still available from the archive, the 1981-2010 Climate Normals should be used for all current applications. Computation of the NOAA Climate Normals is in accordance with the recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), of which the United States is a member. While the WMO mandates each member nation to compute 30-year averages of meteorological quantities at least every 30 years (1931 - 1960, 1961 - 1990, 1991 - 2020, etc.), the WMO recommends a decadal update, in part to incorporate newer weather stations. Further, the NOAA NCDC has a responsibility to fulfill the mandate of Congress "... to establish and record the climatic conditions of the United States." This responsibility stems from a provision of the Organic Act of October 1, 1890, which established the Weather Bureau as a civilian agency (15 U.S.C. 311).
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  For more information on the generation of the 1981-2010 Climate Normals, please see associated documentation.
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  sd001
                processingInformation:  (LE_Processing)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  N/A
                    algorithm:  (LE_Algorithm)
                        citation:  (CI_Citation)
                            title:  Precipitation Methodology
                            date: (missing)
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName: (missing)
                                role: (missing)
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName: (missing)
                                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                        linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/documentation/precipitation-methodology.pdf
                                        protocol:  HTTPS
                                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                        name:  Methodology for Precipitation Normals
                                        description:  Document describes the methodology used in the generation of all precipitation normals. (not hourly)
                                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                                role: (missing)
                        description:  See Algorithm Citation
                    algorithm:  (LE_Algorithm)
                        citation:  (CI_Citation)
                            title:  Temperature Methodology
                            date: (missing)
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName: (missing)
                                role: (missing)
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName: (missing)
                                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                        linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/documentation/temperature-methodology.pdf
                                        protocol:  HTTPS
                                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                        name:  Methodology for Temperature Normals
                                        description:  Document describes the methodology used in the generation of all temperature normals. (not hourly)
                                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                                role: (missing)
                        description:  See Algorithm Citation
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2011-07-01 - 1981-2010 Climate Normals released.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-07-01T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2011-09-01 - Precipitation values for 30-year Climate Normals replaced. For more information, please refer to documentation.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-09-01T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2012-08-04 - Service Pack 1 for 30-year Climate Normals released. For more information, please refer to documentation.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2012-08-04T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2013-01-02 - Agricultural Supplemental Climate Normals released. This includes growing degree days, probabilities of first and last frost and freeze events, probabilities of occurrence of minimum temperature thresholds, and growing season length probabilities. For more information, please refer to documentation.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-01-02T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2015-08-17 - 30-year Hourly Normals replaced and two new Supplemental products released: the 10-year Hourly Normals and the Air Freezing Index Product. For more information, please refer to documentation.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-08-17T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2015-08-21 - Service Pack 2 for the 30-year Climate Normals released. For more information, please refer to documentation.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-08-21T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  ISD-Lite is a subset of the Integrated Surface Dataset, available at NCDC. Read here for more information about the full ISD dataset - http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/isd
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  ISD-Lite
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/source-datasets/isdlite-normals.tar.gz
                                protocol:  HTTPS
                                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                name:  ISD-Lite
                                description:  A snapshot of ISD-Lite was taken in order for users to reproduce the files. Please click the link to download the data file.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role: (missing)
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1981-01-01
                            endPosition:  2010-12-31
                sourceStep:  ps001
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  The Global Historical Climatology Network - Daily (GHCN-Daily) dataset. For more information about the GHCN-D dataset, please read here - http://doi.org/10.7289/V5D21VHZ
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Global Historical Climatology Network - Daily (GHCN-Daily), Version 3
                    date: (missing)
                    edition:  Version 3
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        role: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/source-datasets/ghcnd-all.tar.gz
                                protocol:  HTTPS
                                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                name:  Global Historical Climatology Network - Daily (GHCN-Daily), Version 3
                                description:  A snapshot of GHCN-D was taken in order for users to reproduce the files. Please click the link to download the data file.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role: (missing)
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1981-01-01
                            endPosition:  2010-12-31
                sourceStep:  ps001
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  In addition to standalone products such as GHCN-D and ISD-Lite, interim datasets were produced during the generation of the Climate Normals. For convenience, these interim data collections are available. Please review documentation for more information.
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  All Source Datasets for NCDC Climate Normals
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/source-datasets/
                                protocol:  HTTPS
                                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                name:  All Source Datasets for NCEI Climate Normals
                                description:  All available source data is available from this link, including associated documentation for standalone and interim datasets.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                        role: (missing)
                sourceStep:  ps001
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  RAIN GAUGES
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  THERMOMETERS
            type: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)