U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1981-2010)


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            title:  U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1981-2010)
            alternateTitle:  Normals Monthly
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                date:  2011-07-01
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                date:  2011-09-01
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                date:  2012-08-04
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                date:  2015-08-21
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                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5PN93JP
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        abstract:  The U.S. Monthly Climate Normals for 1981 to 2010 are 30-year averages of meteorological parameters for thousands of U.S. stations located across the 50 states, as well as U.S. territories, commonwealths, the Compact of Free Association nations, and one station in Canada. NOAA Climate Normals are a large suite of data products that provide users with many tools to understand typical climate conditions for thousands of locations across the United States. As many NWS stations as possible are used, including those from the NWS Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) Network as well as some additional stations that have a Weather Bureau Army-Navy (WBAN) station identification number, including stations from the Climate Reference Network (CRN). The comprehensive U.S. Climate Normals dataset includes various derived products including daily air temperature normals (including maximum and minimum temperature normal, heating and cooling degree day normal, and others), precipitation normals (including snowfall and snow depth, percentiles, frequencies and other), and hourly normals (all normal derived from hourly data including temperature, dew point, heat index, wind chill, wind, cloudiness, heating and cooling degree hours, pressure normals). In addition to the standard set of normals, users also can find "agricultural normals", which are used in many industries, including but not limited to construction, architecture, pest control, etc. These supplemental "agricultural normals" include frost-freeze date probabilities, growing degree day normals, probabilities of reaching minimum temperature thresholds, and growing season length normals. Users can access the data either by product or by station. Included in the dataset is extensive documentation to describe station metadata, filename descriptions, and methodology of producing the data. All data utilized in the computation of the 1981-2010 Climate Normals were taken from the ISD Lite (a subset of derived Integrated Surface Data), the Global Historical Climatology Network-Daily dataset, and standardized monthly temperature data (COOP). These source datasets (including intermediate datasets used in the computation of products) are also archived at the NOAA NCDC.
        purpose:  Climate Normals are a suite of products that provide users with the means to understand typical climate conditions for thousands of locations across the United States. These Normals are intended to be used for applications requiring a monthly timescale.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Anthony Arguez, Imke Durre, Scott Applequist, Mike Squires, Russell Vose, Xungang Yin, and Rocky Bilotta (2010). NOAA's U.S. Climate Normals (1981-2010). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. DOI:10.7289/V5PN93JP [access date].
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            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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                title:  NOAA's 1981-2010 U.S. Climate Normals: Monthly Precipitation, Snowfall, and Snow Depth
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                    date:  2013-11-01
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                            name:  NOAA's 1981-2010 U.S. Climate Normals: Monthly Precipitation, Snowfall, and Snow Depth (Science Paper)
                            description:  Imke Durre, Michael F. Squires, Russell S. Vose, Xungang Yin, Anthony Arguez, and Scott Applequist, 2013: NOAA's 1981-2010 U.S. Climate Normals: Monthly Precipitation, Snowfall, and Snow Depth. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 52, 2377-2395. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-051.1
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                title:  U.S. Climate Normals Product Suite (1981-2010)
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2011-07-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    positionName:  User Engagement and Services Branch
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                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                            deliveryPoint:  Federal Building, Room 468
                            city:  Asheville
                            administrativeArea:  NC
                            postalCode:  28801-5001
                            country:  USA
                            electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                        hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                            linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00820
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  U.S. Climate Normals Product Suite (1981-2010) Landing Page
                            description:  For more information about the entire suite of Climate Normals products and links to general documentation, please view the Climate Normals Product Suite (1981-2010) Landing Page
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            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1981-01-01
                    endPosition:  2010-12-31
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
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                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
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                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
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                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
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                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00822
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Description
                name:  Normals Monthly Landing Page
                description:  Monthly climate normals are computed for the 30 year period from 1981 to 2010 for U.S. stations. Values include temperature, degree days, precipitation, snowfall, snow depth, and many other climate probabilities and statistics.
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                linkage: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/
                applicationProfile:  Download
                name:  Climate Normals FTP Server
                description:  Dataset files available for download via FTP.
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                linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/search?datasetid=NORMAL_MLY
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                name:  NCEI Climate Data Online Data Search
                description:  Search for the dataset via a text-based interface.
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                linkage: https://gis.ncdc.noaa.gov/maps/ncei/normals&layers=001
                protocol:  HTTPS
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                name:  NCEI Climate Data Online Map Server
                description:  Dynamic GIS mapping application to locate stations and data for selected layers.
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                linkage: https://gis.ncdc.noaa.gov/arcgis/rest/services/cdo/normals/MapServer
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                applicationProfile:  REST
                name:  NCEI ArcGIS REST Services Directory
                description:  ArcGIS Server REST API for the dataset.
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                linkage: https://gis.ncdc.noaa.gov/kml/normal_mly.kmz
                protocol:  HTTPS
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                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cdo/documentation/NORMAL_MLY_documentation.pdf
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                name:  NCEI Dataset Documentation
                description:  Documentation of the dataset including a data description, format layout and definitions.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cdo/samples/NORMAL_MLY_sample_pdf.pdf
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Sample
                name:  Monthly Climate Normals PDF Sample
                description:  This sample data file shows how the data are formatted in PDF and is for example purposes only.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cdo/samples/NORMAL_MLY_sample_csv.csv
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Sample
                name:  Monthly Climate Normals CSV Sample
                description:  This sample data file shows how the data are formatted in CSV and is for example purposes only.
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            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cdo/samples/NORMAL_MLY_sample_ascii.dat
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                name:  Monthly Climate Normals fixed-length ASCII Sample
                description:  This sample data file shows how the data are formatted in fixed-length ASCII text and is for example purposes only.
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            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/readme.txt
                protocol:  HTTPS
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                name:  README for Climate Normals
                description:  README describing the 1981-2010 Climate Normals.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/status.txt
                protocol:  HTTPS
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                name:  STATUS document for the 1981-2010 Climate Normals
                description:  Status of the 1981-2010 Climate Normals.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  NOAA's 1981-2010 Climate Normals are the newest iteration of the U.S. Climate Normals. Though previous versions of the normals are still available from the archive, the 1981-2010 Climate Normals should be used for all current applications. Computation of the NOAA Climate Normals is in accordance with the recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), of which the United States is a member. While the WMO mandates each member nation to compute 30-year averages of meteorological quantities at least every 30 years (1931 - 1960, 1961 - 1990, 1991 - 2020, etc.), the WMO recommends a decadal update, in part to incorporate newer weather stations. Further, the NOAA NCDC has a responsibility to fulfill the mandate of Congress "... to establish and record the climatic conditions of the United States." This responsibility stems from a provision of the Organic Act of October 1, 1890, which established the Weather Bureau as a civilian agency (15 U.S.C. 311).
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2011-07-01 - 1981-2010 Climate Normals released.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-07-01T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2011-09-01 - Precipitation values for 30-year Climate Normals replaced. For more information, please refer to documentation.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-09-01T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2012-08-04 - Service Pack 1 for 30-year Climate Normals released. For more information, please refer to documentation.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2012-08-04T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  2015-08-21 - Service Pack 2 for the 30-year Climate Normals released. For more information, please refer to documentation.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-08-21T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  More information about the Lineage and Source datasets used in the Climate Normals product can be found at the 1981-2010 Climate Normals Product Suite Landing Page
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  U.S. Climate Normals Product Suite (1981-2010)
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
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                                linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00820
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                                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                name:  U.S. Climate Normals Product Suite (1981-2010) Landing Page
                                description:  For more information about the entire suite of Climate Normals products and documentation, please view the Climate Normals Product Suite (1981-2010) Landing Page
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                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1981-01-01
                            endPosition:  2010-12-31
                sourceStep:  ps001
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
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                code:  RAIN GAUGES
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                code:  METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
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