Foreign Data Library

FDL

browse graphicSample Record
The Foreign Data Library consists of meteorological data from nations other than the United States. The data are on original observational forms, in publications, atlases, ships' logs, periodicals, charts, etc. Split almost evenly between paper and microfilm, , this data is collectively referred to as the Foreign Data Library. Types of data includes summaries, observations, overviews, and summaries of global climate. The vast majority of the records fall between the late 19th century and late 20th century. Details about many items in this collection are tracked by the NOAA Central Library in its catalog. Users are encouraged to check library resources for more information about the collection.

A subset of this collection has been digitized by the archive. The Archive contains digital photographs of foreign paper meteorological records from the 2000+ cubic foot collection of physical records. The images contain in-situ observations from all areas of the globe other than the United States. The primary focus at time of collection was temperature and precipitation information; many records also included pressure, cloud properties, dewpoint, wind, and sunshine. African observations were the initial geographic area of concentration in the imaging effort but have grown to include other continents and regions. The collection consists of weather observations that were taken almost exclusively between 1885 and 1980. The records are in various native languages.
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source.
  • NCEI DSI 3962_01
  • NCEI WebARTIS: FDL
  • gov.noaa.ncdc:C00846
Search Data
  • NOAA Central Library (search)
    Search and discovery interface for documents held in the NOAA Central Library
  • NCEI WebARTIS (search)
    Search WebARTIS--collection "FDL"--for more detail about available data in the physical archives.
Download Data
Other Access
  • NCEI Customer Support (offlineAccess)
    NCEI provides customers with information and data from the NCEI archive. To order NCEI products and services contact the customer support team.
Distribution Formats
  • PDF
  • JPEG (in TAR file)
  • PAPER
  • PUBLICATION
  • MICROFILM
  • CD-ROM
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Time Period 1820-01-01 to Present
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90.0
S: -90.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 1951-01-01
Data Presentation Form Digital image
Hardcopy image - image archived in analog format
Dataset Progress Status Historical archive - data has been stored in an offline storage facility
Data Update Frequency Irregular
Purpose Inclusion of foreign data enables a complete global understanding of the earth climate system.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source.
Cited Authors
  • International organizations
Originators
  • International organizations
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Phenomena
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Air Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Boundary Layer Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Atmospheric Temperature Indices > Cooling Degree Days
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Atmospheric Temperature Indices > Heating Degree Days
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Atmospheric Temperature Indices > Growing Degree Days
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Dew Point Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Maximum/Minimum Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Upper Air Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Weather Events > Rain Storms
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor Profiles
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor Indicators > Humidity
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Properties > Cloud Frequency
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Amount
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Liquid Precipitation > Rain
  • Earth Science > Solid Earth > Tectonics > Earthquakes > Seismic Profile
  • Earth Science > Agriculture > Soils > Soil Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Radiation > Sunshine
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Aerosols
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Air Quality
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Altitude
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Electricity
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Radiation
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Water Vapor
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation
  • Earth Science > Terrestrial Hydrosphere > Surface Water
  • Earth Science > Cryosphere > Snow/Ice
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Surface Radiative Properties
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Waves
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Heat Budget
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Sea Ice
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Meteorological Stations
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • Visual Observations
  • Thermometers
  • Wind Vanes
  • Anemometers
  • Barometers
  • Thermometers
  • Rain Gauges
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global
  • Continent > Africa
  • Continent > Europe
  • Continent > South America
Data Resolution keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Horizontal Data Resolution Keywords
  • Point Resolution
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Vertical Data Resolution Keywords
  • Point Resolution
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
  • Vertical Location > Boundary Layer
  • Vertical Location > Troposphere
  • Vertical Location > Sea Surface
  • Vertical Location > Stratosphere
Use Constraints
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source.
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement Over the decades, countries throughout the world have submitted climate-related summaries and data to the global World Data Centers. These publications and records were stored by the archive and catalogued for archive discovery as well as for inclusion in the NOAA Central Library catalog. In the early 2010s, NCEI embarked on an effort to digitized some of these records as well.
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • Paper forms captured digitally using various types of scanning equipment. All forms were scanned using a minimum of 300 dpi (standard archive quality).
    Rationale: To digitize collection in order to make available online.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-05-25
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.orders@noaa.gov