International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI) Global Land Surface Temperature Databank - Stage 3 Monthly

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The Global Land Surface Temperature Databank contains monthly timescale mean, maximum, and minimum temperature for approximately 40,000 stations globally. It was developed as part of the International Surface Temperature Initiative. This is the global repository for all monthly timescale land surface observations from the 1800s to present and uses data deriving from sub-daily, daily, and monthly observations. It brings together data from more than 45 sources to create a single merged dataset. It will be used in the creation of various integrated global temperature resources, most notably Global Historical Climatology Network Monthly (GHCN-M) v4.
  • Cite as: Jared Rennie, Byron E. Gleason, Jay H. Lawrimore, Matthew J. Menne, Claude N. Williams, Peter W. Thorne, and Colin Morice. 2014. International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI) Global Land Surface Temperature Databank - Stage 3 Monthly. v1.0.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5PK0D3G [Access Date].
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Distribution Formats
  • TAR
    • File Specification:
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Jay Lawrimore
Ingest and Analysis Branch Chief
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 828-271-4800
jay.lawrimore@noaa.gov
Coverage Description
Time Period 1800-01-01 to Present
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90.0
S: -90.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
Dataset Information
General Documentation
Processing Documents
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2014-06-01
  • revision: 2015-10-15
Edition v1.1.0
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Ongoing - data is continually being updated
Data Update Frequency Monthly
Purpose Stage 3 data is merged Stage 2 Monthly data which has been carefully documented and researched so that it can be used by any scientist or researcher for climate research. All processing stage levels are made available to the community for provenance and quality checking. While any user has access to all files and procedures used in the production of the Databank and can reprocess or create their own algorithms to further research climate, this dataset was primarily developed for use in the Global Historical Climatology Network products.
Use Limitations
  • Please review documentation for more information regarding appropriateness for use and research.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Jared Rennie, Byron E. Gleason, Jay H. Lawrimore, Matthew J. Menne, Claude N. Williams, Peter W. Thorne, and Colin Morice. 2014. International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI) Global Land Surface Temperature Databank - Stage 3 Monthly. v1.0.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5PK0D3G [Access Date].
Cited Authors
  • International Surface Temperature Initiative
Originators
  • International Surface Temperature Initiative
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Air Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Maximum/Minimum Temperature
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Fixed Observation Stations
  • GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
  • COASTAL STATIONS
  • Meteorological Stations
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • Thermometers
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global
  • Geographic Region > Global Land
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • GHCN > Global Historical Climatology Network
Data Resolution keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Horizontal Data Resolution Keywords
  • Point Resolution
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Vertical Data Resolution Keywords
  • Point Resolution
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Temporal Data Resolution Keywords
  • Weekly - < Monthly
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Jared Rennie, Byron E. Gleason, Jay H. Lawrimore, Matthew J. Menne, Claude N. Williams, Peter W. Thorne, and Colin Morice. 2014. International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI) Global Land Surface Temperature Databank - Stage 3 Monthly. v1.0.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5PK0D3G [Access Date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-11-05
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.orders@noaa.gov