Global Surface Warming Hiatus Analysis Data

Hiatus Analysis

browse graphicNCEI Data
These data were used to conduct the study of the global surface warming hiatus, an apparent decrease in the upward trend of global surface temperatures since 1998. The data are from 1880-2014 for global land, ocean, and land-ocean areas. The data include both gridded, time series, uncorrected and corrected data. An additional analysis specific to the Arctic is included. There is an Old Analysis and New Analysis; the old being the current operational version running at NCEI at the time. The New analysis uses ERSSTv4 and land surface air temperature data from the ISTI Databank with adjustments applied using the algorithm operational for GHCN-M v3. There are files in the Old Analysis and New Analysis containing the global 5X5 degree gridded anomalies. Anomalies are based on the climatology from 1971 to 2000.
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: Karl, Thomas R.; Arguez, Anthony; Huang, Boyin; Lawrimore, Jay H.; McMahon, James R.; Menne, Matthew J.; Peterson, Thomas C.; Vose, Russell S.; Zhang, Huai-Min. (2016):Global Surface Warming Hiatus Analysis Data, Version 1.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). doi:10.7289/V5DV1GW8 [access date].
Download Data
Distribution Formats
  • ASCII
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset collaborator Jay Lawrimore
Chief, Dataset Section
NCEI/CWC/CSB/DS
828-271-4750
Jay.Lawrimore@noaa.gov
Time Period 1880 to 2014 (time interval: 1-month)
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90.0
S: -90.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2015-06-12
  • creation: 2015-03-02
Edition Version 1.0
Data Presentation Form Digital document - digital representation of a primarily textual item (can contain illustrations also)
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Not planned
Purpose The datasets were used in an analysis of the so-called global warming hiatus that was extensively discussed in many journal articles and the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. The results of the analysis are available in the Karl et al., 2015 Science journal article.
Use Limitations
  • Data were specific to this analysis.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: Karl, Thomas R.; Arguez, Anthony; Huang, Boyin; Lawrimore, Jay H.; McMahon, James R.; Menne, Matthew J.; Peterson, Thomas C.; Vose, Russell S.; Zhang, Huai-Min. (2016):Global Surface Warming Hiatus Analysis Data, Version 1.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). doi:10.7289/V5DV1GW8 [access date].
Cited Authors
  • Jay Lawrimore
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Thomas Karl
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Anthony Agruez
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • James R. McMahon
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Matthew J. Menne
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Thomas C. Peterson
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Russell S. Vose
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Huai-Min Zhang
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Boyin Huang
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Originators
  • Jay Lawrimore
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Thomas Karl
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Anthony Agruez
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • James R. McMahon
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Matthew J. Menne
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Thomas C. Peterson
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Russell S. Vose
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Huai-Min Zhang
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Boyin Huang
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Temperature Anomalies
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Oceanic - Surface - Sea-surface Temperature
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
  • Vertical Location > Sea Surface
Use Constraints
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: Karl, Thomas R.; Arguez, Anthony; Huang, Boyin; Lawrimore, Jay H.; McMahon, James R.; Menne, Matthew J.; Peterson, Thomas C.; Vose, Russell S.; Zhang, Huai-Min. (2016):Global Surface Warming Hiatus Analysis Data, Version 1.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). doi:10.7289/V5DV1GW8 [access date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement Data used to conduct the study of the global surface warming hiatus using global annual and monthly average anomalies from 1880-2014 for land, ocean, and land&ocean areas. The inputs consist of adjusted land station data and metadata used in data from GHCN-Monthly version 3.2.2; monthly gridded mean temperature anomalies on a 5X5 degree grid; 2X2 degree gridded sea surface temperatures and anomalies from the ERSST v3b analysis; 2X2 degree gridded sea surface temperatures and anomalies from the ERSST v4 analysis with and without bias corrections.
Source Datasets
  • ERSST v3b analysis
    • ERSST v3b analysis
      Landing page for ERSST v3b
    • Description of Source: ERSST v3b analysis 2X2 degree gridded sea surface temperatures and anomalies, 1854-2014.
    • Temporal extent used: 1854 to 2014
  • International Surface Temperature Initative's Global land surface Databank
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-05-25
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.orders@noaa.gov