International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) Release 3 Final, Individual Reports in the International Maritime Meteorological Archive Format version 1 (IMMA1)

ICOADS R3 Final in IMMA1

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This dataset, the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS), is the most widely-used freely available collection of surface marine observations, with over 455 million individual marine reports spanning 1662-2014-each containing the observations and metadata reported from a given ship, buoy, coastal platform, or oceanographic instrument, providing data for the construction of gridded analyses of sea surface temperature, estimates of air-sea interaction and other meteorological variables. ICOADS observations are assimilated into all major atmospheric, oceanic and coupled reanalyses, further widening its impact. R3, therefore includes changes designed to enable the effective exchange of information describing data quality between ICOADS, reanalysis centres, data set developers, scientists, and the public. These user-driven innovations include the assignment of a unique identifier (UID) to each marine report to enable tracing of observations, linking with reports and improved data sharing. Other revisions and extensions of the ICOADS' International Maritime Meteorological Archive (IMMA) common data format incorporate new near-surface oceanographic data elements and cloud parameters. Many new input data sources have been assembled, and updates and improvements to existing data sources, or removal of erroneous data, made.

This dataset includes 2 versions of the official ICOADS Release 3 dataset: 1) the 'Total' product (denoted by 'T' in the filename) which contains all duplicates and is used for verification and research purposes; and 2) 'Final' R3, with duplicates removed, where all reports have been compared for matching dates, id's and elements observed and the best duplicate retained as the final report.
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: National Centers for Environmental Information; Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado; Research Data Archive, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research; Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce; NERC National Oceanography Centre, Natural Environment Research Council, United Kingdom; Met Office, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom; Deutscher Wetterdienst (German Meteorological Service), Germany; University of Washington, Department of Atmospheric Science; Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University (2016):International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) Release 3.0 Raw Individual Reports in the International Maritime Meteorological Archive Format version 1 (IMMA1), Revision 3.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). doi:10.7289/V5CZ3562 [access date].
Other Access
  • NCEI Customer Support (offlineAccess)
    Data in this archival information package are not currently available for public download from NCEI. Please contact NCEI Information Services directly for access to these data.
Distribution Formats
  • ASCII
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Service
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 301-713-3277
NODC.Services@noaa.gov
Time Period 1662-10 to 2014-12
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90.0
S: -90.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
Dataset Information
  • ICOADS Home Page
    International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) Technical Information
General Documentation
Processing Documents
  • IMMA format Description
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2016-05-31
  • creation: 2016-05-31
Edition 3
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Not planned
Purpose Multiple sources of historical marine observations provided in a well-documented standard format and long period of record with global coverage.
Use Limitations
  • No bias corrections applied to any reports.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: National Centers for Environmental Information; Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado; Research Data Archive, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research; Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce; NERC National Oceanography Centre, Natural Environment Research Council, United Kingdom; Met Office, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom; Deutscher Wetterdienst (German Meteorological Service), Germany; University of Washington, Department of Atmospheric Science; Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University (2016):International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) Release 3.0 Raw Individual Reports in the International Maritime Meteorological Archive Format version 1 (IMMA1), Revision 3.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). doi:10.7289/V5CZ3562 [access date].
Cited Authors
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • ICOADS Partner
    UCO/CIRES > Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado
  • UCAR/NCAR/CISL/RDA > Research Data Archive, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
  • DOC/NOAA/ESRL > Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • National Oceanography
    UK/NERC/NEODC > NERC National Oceanography Centre, Natural Environment Research Council, United Kingdom
  • UK/MOD/MET > Met Office, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom
  • DE/DWD > Deutscher Wetterdienst (German Meteorological Service), Germany
  • UWA/DOA > University of Washington, Department of Atmospheric Science
  • FSU/COAPS > Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University
Originators
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Collaborators
  • ICOADS Partner
    UCO/CIRES > Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado
  • UCAR/NCAR/CISL/RDA > Research Data Archive, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
  • DOC/NOAA/ESRL > Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • National Oceanography
    UK/NERC/NEODC > NERC National Oceanography Centre, Natural Environment Research Council, United Kingdom
  • UK/MOD/MET > Met Office, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom
  • DE/DWD > Deutscher Wetterdienst (German Meteorological Service), Germany
  • UWA/DOA > University of Washington, Department of Atmospheric Science
  • FSU/COAPS > Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Atmospheric Pressure Measurements
  • Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Pressure Tendency
  • Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Sea Level Pressure
  • Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure > Surface Pressure
  • Oceans > Ocean Pressure > Sea Level Pressure
  • Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Sea Surface Temperature
  • Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Water Temperature
  • Oceans > Ocean Waves > Sea State
  • Oceans > Ocean Waves > Swells
  • Oceans > Ocean Waves > Wave Height
  • Oceans > Ocean Waves > Wave Period
  • Oceans > Ocean Waves > Wave Speed/Direction
  • Oceans > Ocean Waves > Wind Waves
  • Oceans > Ocean Winds > Surface Winds
  • Oceans > Sea Ice > Ice Edges
  • Oceans > Sea Ice > Icebergs
  • Oceans > Sea Ice > Sea Ice Concentration
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Oceanic - Surface - Sea-surface Temperature
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Wind Speed And Direction
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Pressure
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Ships
  • C-MAN > Coastal Marine Network
  • Buoys
  • Ocean Platforms
  • MOORINGS
  • OCEAN WEATHER STATIONS
  • TAO > TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE OCEAN
  • TRITON > TRIangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network
  • FLOATS
  • NDBC MOORED BUOY
  • OCEAN WEATHER STATIONS
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • Anemometers
  • Barometers
  • HYGROMETERS
  • Drifting Buoys
  • Wind Vane
  • Thermometers
  • Thermometers
  • ANEROID PRESSURE SENSOR
  • Visual Observations
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Ocean
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ICOADS > International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set
Data Resolution keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Horizontal Data Resolution Keywords
  • Point Resolution
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Vertical Data Resolution Keywords
  • Point Resolution
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Temporal Data Resolution Keywords
  • Hourly - < Daily
  • 1 minute - < 1 hour
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Sea Surface
Use Constraints
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: National Centers for Environmental Information; Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado; Research Data Archive, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research; Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce; NERC National Oceanography Centre, Natural Environment Research Council, United Kingdom; Met Office, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom; Deutscher Wetterdienst (German Meteorological Service), Germany; University of Washington, Department of Atmospheric Science; Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University (2016):International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) Release 3.0 Raw Individual Reports in the International Maritime Meteorological Archive Format version 1 (IMMA1), Revision 3.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). doi:10.7289/V5CZ3562 [access date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement This dataset includes 2 versions of the official ICOADS Release 3.0.0 dataset: 1) the 'Total' product (denoted by 'T' in the filename) which contains all duplicates and is used for verification and research purposes; and 2)'Final' R3.0.0, with duplicates removed, where all reports have been compared for matching dates, id's and elements observed and the best duplicate retained as the final report.
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • Final Dataset after inclusion of new sources, qc and final validation.
    Rationale: To provide the highest quality data set.
Processing Documents
    • IMMA format Description
Source Datasets
  • International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS)
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-05-25
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