NOAA JPSS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Active Fires Environmental Data Record (EDR) from NDE

JPSS-AF-NDE

browse graphicActive Fire locations overlayed with true color RGB imagery over Madagascar on October 19, 2008. (Credit - NASA's MODIS Rapid Response Team)
This dataset contains a high quality operational Environmental Data Record (EDR) that contains pinpoint locations of active fires (AF) as identified by an algorithm based on the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Fires and Thermal Anomalies Collection 6 product, but improved upon and adapted for use by the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument onboard the Suomi-NPP satellite. The algorithm utilizes sensor data from the 4 micron and 11 micron spectral bands (M13 and M15) to deliver locations and fire radiative properties of active fires on the earth's surface. In addition, the improved NPP Data Exploitation (NDE) algorithm delivers an improved fire mask and fire radiative power retrievals (FRP). VIIRS infrared bands have a spatial resolution of 750 meters at nadir, and 375 meters at nadir for the imagery bands, as such, the sensor is sensitive enough to detect fires at sea which is an improvement over the previous Active Fires product produced by the Interface Data Processing Segment (IDPS). AF data obtained from the Comprehensive Large Array-Data Stewardship System (CLASS) are distributed as single 86-second granules in netCDF-4 format with metadata attributes included.
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: Csiszar, Ivan, Cheng, Zhaohui, Wolf, Walter, Giglio, Louis, Schroeder, Wilfrid, and NOAA JPSS Program Office (2016): NOAA JPSS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer (VIIRS) Active Fires Environmental Data Record (EDR) from NDE. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5GH9G0T. [access date].
Download Data
  • NOAA CLASS FTP Server (download)
    Access and download data tar files by date and product for the previous 85 days. The directory structure is as follows, date(yyyymmdd)->instrument family->product.
Order Data
Distribution Formats
  • NetCDF (Version: 4)
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
ncei.sat.info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2016-03-15 to Present (time interval: 12-hour)
Spatial Reference System urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90.0
S: -90.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
Dataset Information
General Documentation
Processing Documents
  • STAR JPSS Science Documents
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2016-03-15
Edition Version 1.0
Data Presentation Form Digital image
Dataset Progress Status Ongoing - data is continually being updated
Data Update Frequency Continual
Purpose This dataset provides a high quality Environmental Data Record (EDR) of active thermal anomalies on the Earth's surface. Unlike the previous version from IDPS, this new product from NDE contains a complete fire mask including thermal radiative power at the pixel level and can even detect active fires at sea (i.e. oil platform fires).
Use Limitations
  • For a complete description of use limitations for this EDR, see the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).
Dataset Citation
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: Csiszar, Ivan, Cheng, Zhaohui, Wolf, Walter, Giglio, Louis, Schroeder, Wilfrid, and NOAA JPSS Program Office (2016): NOAA JPSS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer (VIIRS) Active Fires Environmental Data Record (EDR) from NDE. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5GH9G0T. [access date].
Cited Authors
  • Csiszar, Ivan
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Wolf, Walter
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Giglio, Louis
    UMD/GEOG > Geography Department, University of Maryland
  • Schroeder, Wilfrid
    UMD/GEOG > Geography Department, University of Maryland
  • Cheng, Zhaohui
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office of Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Principal Investigators
  • Csiszar, Ivan
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • Wolf, Walter
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Collaborators
  • Giglio, Louis
    UMD/GEOG > Geography Department, University of Maryland
  • Schroeder, Wilfrid
    UMD/GEOG > Geography Department, University of Maryland
  • Cheng, Zhaohui
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office of Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Fire Ecology > Fire Occurrence
  • Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Natural Hazards > Wildfires
  • Earth Science > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Fire Ecology > Fire Dynamics
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Terrestrial - Fire Disturbance
Keyword Thesaurus Title
  • Edr > Environmental Data Record
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office of Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • SUOMI-NPP > Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • VIIRS > Visible-Infrared Imager-Radiometer Suite
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • JPSS > Joint Polar Satellite System
  • NOAA OneStop Project
  • NDE > NESDIS Data Exploitation
  • gov.noaa.class:JPSS_GRAN
Data Resolution keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Horizontal Data Resolution Keywords
  • 250 meters - < 500 meters
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
  • Vertical Location > Sea Surface
Use Constraints
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source: Csiszar, Ivan, Cheng, Zhaohui, Wolf, Walter, Giglio, Louis, Schroeder, Wilfrid, and NOAA JPSS Program Office (2016): NOAA JPSS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer (VIIRS) Active Fires Environmental Data Record (EDR) from NDE. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5GH9G0T. [access date].
  • NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NCEI makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement The data were produced by the NOAA Office of Satellite and Product Operations (OSPO) NDE/PDA and are archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • For a complete description of the processing steps, see the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document and Data Flow Diagram.
  • 2015-03-15T00:00:00 - The S-NPP Active Fires algorithm reached Validated maturity status
  • The NOAA-20 Active Fires algorithm reached beta maturity status
  • The NOAA-20 Active Fires algorithm reached provisional maturity status
  • The NOAA-20 Active Fires algorithm reached validated maturity status
Processing Documents
    • STAR JPSS Science Documents
Source Datasets
  • NOAA JPSS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Sensor Data Record (SDR) from IDPS
    • NCEI landing page for JPSS-VIIRS-SDR
      Source dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
    • Description of Source: Sensor Data record (SDR) for VIIRS spectral bands M13 and M15
    • Temporal extent used: 2012-02-07 to Present
    • Spatial extent used: N:90 S:-90 E:180 W:-180
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-05-04
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