International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project, D-Series (Superseded)


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        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project, D-Series (Superseded)
            alternateTitle:  ISCCP D-Series
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  1987-07-01
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                code:  NCEI DSI 3645_01
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                code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C00976
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                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                individualName:  Knapp Ken
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Meteorologist
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                        electronicMailAddress:  Ken.Knapp@noaa.gov
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                individualName:  Knapp Ken
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                individualName:  Rossow William
                organisationName:  NASA/GISS > NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
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                individualName:  Young Alisa
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                individualName:  Young Alisa
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                        linkage: https://isccp.giss.nasa.gov/
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                        name:  NASA ISCCP Project Site
                        description:  More information about the ISCCP D-Series can be found at this link.
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                        name:  NOAA ISCCP Project Site
                        description:  NOAA now hosts the newest version of the ISCCP Data Series, with more information about the ISCCP Project from this site.
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        abstract:  **ISCCP D-Series has been superseded by a newer version. Users should not use ISCCP D-Series except in rare cases (e.g., when reproducing previous studies that used the ISCCP D-Series).** ISCCP was established in 1982 as part of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) to collect and analyze satellite radiance measurements to infer the global distribution of clouds, their properties, and their diurnal, seasonal, and interannual variations. Period of record is July 1, 1983 through December 31, 2009. ISCCP D-Series dataset consists of the following products: (1) D1 - Cloud products gridded to 2.5 deg at 3 hourly time steps. This includes about 200 variables, including cloud products, ancillary data and static data. (2) D2 - Monthly averages of cloud products gridded to 2.5 degree. This includes many variables and processing inputs (e.g., ancillary data) as well as outputs (cloud products, etc.). D2 data are temporal averages of the D1 data. (3) DX - Pixel level cloud products in the satellite-projection. This data is roughly 32 km and 3 hourly. This data is used to derive the D1 product. In addition, there are ancillary data files included with the archive; these inputs that are used to create the D-series data.
        purpose:  The ISCCP datasets and analysis products are being used to improve understanding and modeling of the role of clouds in climate, with the primary focus being the elucidation of the effects of clouds on the radiation balance. These data can also used to support many other cloud studies, including understanding of the hydrological cycle.
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  Earth Observation Satellites > MTSAT-1R > Multi-functional Transport Satellite 1 Replacement
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            keyword:  250 km - < 500 km or approximately 2.5 degrees - < 5.0 degrees
            keyword:  10 km - < 50 km or approximately .09 degree - < .5 degree
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            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Russow, William, et al. (2009): International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project, D-Series [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. [access date].
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            otherConstraints:  **ISCCP D-Series has been superseded by a newer version. Users should not use ISCCP D-Series except in rare cases (e.g., when reproducing previous studies that used the ISCCP D-Series).**
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            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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                title:  ISSCP, H-Series
                date: (missing)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00956
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  ISSCP, H-Series
                            description:  **Current Version** To use the most recent version of the ISCCP data products, please follow the link.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) largerWorkCitation
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) project
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  ISCCP cloud data products
                date: (missing)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/1520-0477%281991%29072%3C0002%3AICDP%3E2.0.CO%3B2
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  ISCCP cloud data products
                            description:  Rossow, W.B., and R.A. Schiffer, 1991: ISCCP cloud data products. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72, 2-20.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) largerWorkCitation
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) collection
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP): The First Project of the World Climate Research Programme
                date: (missing)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://pubs.giss.nasa.gov/docs/1983/1983_Schiffer_sc01000b.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP): The First Project of the World Climate Research Programme
                            description:  Schiffer, R.A., and Rossow, W.B., 1983: The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP): The First Project of the World Climate Research Programme. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 64, 779-784.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) largerWorkCitation
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) project
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) grid
        spatialResolution:  (MD_Resolution)
            distance:
              Distance:  280000
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                extentTypeCode:  1
                westBoundLongitude:  -180.0
                eastBoundLongitude:  180.0
                southBoundLatitude:  -90.0
                northBoundLatitude:  90.0
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  ground condition
                    beginPosition:  1983-07-01
                    endPosition:  2009-12-31
                    timeInterval:  3
        supplementalInformation:  The following inputs (ancillary data) used in the ISCCP D-level processing are also included in the archive: (1) TV - Atmospheric temperature and water vapor data used in cloud product retrievals. (2)IS - Ice and Snow data. (3) LW - Land/water mask used in ISCCP processing. (4) OA - Orbit/attitude data--this was provided for a few satellites and represents data used to navigate the satellite data (i.e., convert satellite pixel to Earth location); most providers included this data within the B1 file, but this data is from one specfiic provider that provided navigation information in a separate file. See documentation for more information about ISCCP D-Series input files.
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  XML
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  1
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00976
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Description
                    name:  International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project, D-Series (Superseded) Landing Page
                    description:  Dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  Binary
                version: (missing)
                fileDecompressionTechnique:  No compression applied.
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize: (missing)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/has/HAS.FileAppRouter?datasetname=3645&subqueryby=STATION&applname=&outdest=FILE
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Download
                    name:  HDSS Access System
                    description:  Access to the D-Series data (D1, D2, DX) via HDSS ordering system (HAS).
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  The ISCCP algorithm is well described in the peer-reviewed manuscripts as well as NASA ISCCP cloud package documentation.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data sub-sampling The source satellite data is subsampled from the full resolution (as received at the Satellite Processing Center, SPC) to B2 data [B2 refers to a subsampling that approximates a spatial resolution ~32 km).
                rationale:  Data processing capabilities in the 1980s could not handle transferring or processing full resolution data, so sub sampled data was sent for archive at the ISCCP Central Archive (NOAA NCEI) and processing at the ISCCP Global Processing Center (NASA GISS).
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Numerous SPCs provided B2 data throughout the ISCCP history. This includes: Canada (AES & MSC), the University of Wisconsin (UWS), Colorado State University (CSU), NOAA (NOA), Europe (EUM and ESA), and Japan (JMA).
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  sd001
                processingInformation:  (LE_Processing)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  n/a. Each SPC developed its own sub sampling software.
                    algorithm:  (LE_Algorithm)
                        citation:  (CI_Citation)
                            title:  DOCUMENTATION OF NEW CLOUD DATASETS
                            date:  (CI_Date)
                                date:  1996-01
                                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName:  NASA GISS
                                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName: (missing)
                                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                        linkage: https://isccp.giss.nasa.gov/pub/documents/d-doc.pdf
                                        protocol:  HTTPS
                                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                        name:  DOCUMENTATION OF NEW CLOUD DATASETS
                                        description:  Describes data (B3, DX, D1, D2) as well as the cloud algorithm: more information about data sub-sampling.
                                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                                role: (missing)
                        description:  See Algorithm Citation
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data intercalibration SPCs also sent satellite data to the ISCCP Global Calibration Center (France). The GCC prepared calibration information that allowed direct comparisons between visible and infrared channels on AVHRR with similar channels on the various Geostationary satellites. GCC provided normalization coefficients to the GPC
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                processingInformation:  (LE_Processing)
                    identifier: (missing)
                    documentation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  Normalization and calibration of geostationary satellite radiances for ISCCP
                        date: (missing)
                        edition:  Desormeaux, Y., W.B. Rossow, C.L. Brest, and C.G. Campbell, 1993: Normalization and calibration of geostationary satellite radiances for ISCCP. J. Atmos. Ocean Tech., 10, 304-325
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName: (missing)
                            role: (missing)
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName: (missing)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/1520-0426(1993)010%3C0304%3ANACOGS%3E2.0.CO%3B2
                                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                    name:  Normalization and calibration of geostationary satellite radiances for ISCCP
                                    description:  Link to AMS manuscript
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                            role: (missing)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Satellite data QC The input satellite data is put through quality control, calibration and reformatting. This process creates a B3 dataset. The B3 dataset is a radiance dataset.
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA/GISS
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                processingInformation:  (LE_Processing)
                    identifier: (missing)
                    algorithm:  (LE_Algorithm)
                        citation:  (CI_Citation)
                            title:  DOCUMENTATION OF NEW CLOUD DATASETS
                            date:  (CI_Date)
                                date:  1996-01
                                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName:  NASA GISS
                                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName: (missing)
                                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                        linkage: https://isccp.giss.nasa.gov/pub/documents/d-doc.pdf
                                        protocol:  HTTPS
                                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                        name:  DOCUMENTATION OF NEW CLOUD DATASETS
                                        description:  Describes data (B3, DX, D1, D2) as well as the cloud algorithm: more information about satellite data QC.
                                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                                role: (missing)
                        description:  See Algorithm Citation
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Cloud package The GPC (NASA GISS) processed B3 data into cloud information using the ISCCP Cloud Algorithm, the B2 data, calibration from the GCC as well as some ancillary data (e.g., ozone amount, temperature/humidity profiles, etc.).
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                processingInformation:  (LE_Processing)
                    identifier: (missing)
                    algorithm:  (LE_Algorithm)
                        citation:  (CI_Citation)
                            title:  DOCUMENTATION OF NEW CLOUD DATASETS
                            date:  (CI_Date)
                                date:  1996-01
                                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName:  NASA GISS
                                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName: (missing)
                                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                        linkage: https://isccp.giss.nasa.gov/pub/documents/d-doc.pdf
                                        protocol:  HTTPS
                                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                        name:  DOCUMENTATION OF NEW CLOUD DATASETS
                                        description:  Describes data (DX, D1, D2) as well as the cloud algorithm: more information about the creation of the cloud dataset.
                                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                                role: (missing)
                        description:  See Algorithm Citation
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  Geostationary and Polar-orbiting Satellite IR & Visible data
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  ISCCP B2 data
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        role: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        role: (missing)
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1983-07-01
                            endPosition:  2009-12-31
                sourceStep:  ps001
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.