US Marine Meteorological Journals

EV2 - U.S. Marine Meteorological Journals

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This series consists of volumes entitled 'Meteorological Journal' (a regulation Navy-issue publication) which were to be completed by masters of merchant vessels during their voyages. Period of record 1878-1894, peak 1885-1886. Continuing the pioneering work undertaken by Lt. Matthew Fontaine Maury, United States Navy, the U.S. Navy's Hydrographic Office endeavored to enlist the help of commercial vessels in compiling data regarding meteorological conditions at sea. These meteorological journals were completed by the captains of over 650 merchant vessels transiting the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Although the majority of the vessels represented in the journals were American, vessels from Great Britain, Germany, Austria, France, Canada, Italy, and other nations are included. Each journal documents the passages of one vessel, usually for a two-month period of time. Entries were made daily, noting particulars of the weather during the day. Also noted are the course and speed of the vessel, measured at two-hour intervals, along with the distance traveled. The TIF images created from microfilm by contractors with NOAA's Climate Database Modernization Program (CDMP). Original bound volumes reside in Record Group 27 at the National Archives at College Park, MD, including 31 Journals that were inadvertently misfiled at NARA among the US Maury Collection, and which have not yet been microfilmed or digitized. It is estimated these journals would add ~28,000 observations from 1879-1890.
Cite this dataset when used as a source.
  • NCEI DSI 3900_01
  • gov.noaa.ncdc:C01031
Download Data
Distribution Formats
  • PDF
    • File Specification:
    • File Compression:
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Jason Cooper
NCDC Archivist
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Coverage Description
Time Period 1879 to 1890
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90
S: -90
E: 180
W: -180
Spatial Coverage Map
Dataset Information
  • CDMP Web site
    Information about the Climate Database Modernization Program (CDMP) and the current Image Access Repository.
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2011-03-15
  • revision: 2013-05-02
Data Presentation Form Digital image
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Irregular
Purpose In the late 1990s NCDC realized the need to host digital images of weather and climate records on the internet. As a result, EV2 was developed as a key system for providing access to the millions of original source data images in the NCDC archives. With its upload and index capability, EV2 also enables the continuation of NCDC's commitment to make more of its weather and climate data available online so that users across the world can view climate and weather records held in the NCDC archives.
Use Limitations
  • Controlled user access to the EV2 system
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Pressure
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Sea Surface Temperature
GCOS Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Precipitation
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Wind Speed And Direction
  • Atmospheric - Upper-air - Cloud Properties
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Ships
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • Thermometers
  • Anemometers
  • Rain Gauges
  • Barometers
  • Visual Observations
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global Ocean
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Sea Surface
Use Constraints
  • NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NCEI makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement The vast majority of the digital image records available originate from the NCDC physical archives through the Climate Database Modernization Program (CDMP). These efforts produced over 50 million images from 2000-2011. Additional limited scanning activities at NCDC also contribute to the image repository. Partnerships with other NOAA line offices and international weather services have contributed to the broad and global nature of digitally imaged records available from the NCDC.
Processor
  • NCDC Climate Data Modernization Program
Processing Steps
  • Scan
    Rationale: To digitize collection in order to make available online.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-05-04
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.orders@noaa.gov