Winter/Summer Monsoon Experiment

MONEX

browse graphicMONEX Project Logos
The Winter/Summer Monsoon Experiment (MONEX) was conducted during the First Global GARP (Global Atmospheric Research Program) Experiment (FGGE). An international team of scientists observed monsoonal circulations over the Arabian Sea, the South China Sea, and the Indian Ocean. This coordinated acquisition of data allowed scientists to better understand the formation of monsoons and their cycles. The collection consists of raw data, summaries, and publications about the experiment and its results, with data available on paper or microfilm. Parameters studied included: precipitation patterns, upper and surface level winds, temperature, humidity, air circulation patterns, cloud variability, as well as other observations.
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  • NCEI WebARTIS: MONEX
  • gov.noaa.ncdc:C01212
Search Data
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Other Access
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Distribution Formats
  • Microfilm
  • Paper
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Time Period 1978 to 1984
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 30.0
S: -10.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 1979
Data Presentation Form Hardcopy image - image archived in analog format
Dataset Progress Status Historical archive - data has been stored in an offline storage facility
Data Update Frequency Not planned
Purpose This in-depth study of monsoonal circulations and their interaction with various components of the atmosphere was instrumental in understanding the nature of monsoons, enabling scientists to improve monsoon models and predictions.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite this dataset when used as a source.
Cited Authors
  • Soviet Union Hydrometeorological Service
  • Indian Meteorological Service
  • JP/JMA > Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan
  • UCAR/NCAR > National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Originators
  • Soviet Union Hydrometeorological Service
  • Indian Meteorological Service
Collaborators
  • JP/JMA > Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan
  • UCAR/NCAR > National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Weather Events > Monsoons
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Atmospheric/Ocean Indicators > Extreme Weather > Monsoon Onset/Intensity
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor Indicators > Total Precipitable Water
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Dynamics
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Altitude > Planetary Boundary Layer Height
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Boundary Layer Winds
  • Earth Science > Ocean > Ocean Winds > Convergence/Divergence
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Winds > Convergence/Divergence
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Upper Air Temperature > Vertical Profiles
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Wind Dynamics > Vertical Wind Velocity/Speed
  • Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds > Cloud Properties > Cloud Vertical Distribution
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Precipitation
  • Atmospheric - Upper-air - Cloud Properties
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Wind Speed And Direction
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Ships
  • AIRCRAFT
  • BALLOONS
  • GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITES
  • NOAA POES (Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites)
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • Thermometers
  • Rain Gauges
  • Anemometers
  • ACOUSTIC RADAR
  • DROPWINDSONDES
  • RAWINSONDES
  • TOVS > TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
  • AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > South China Sea
  • Ocean > Indian Ocean > Arabian Sea
  • Ocean > Indian Ocean
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • MONEX > Monsoon Experiment
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Sea Surface
  • Vertical Location > Troposphere
  • Vertical Location > Boundary Layer
Use Constraints
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  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement Raw data was reduced and processed in the United States then transferred to India and the World Data Centres A and B in accordance with the internationally agreed upon procedures in the International Data Management Plan. For geostationary satellite imagery: during the field phase, copies of the photographs were made available to the International Level II, a Data Management Centre in New Delhi. These copies were microfilmed as the Quick-look Data Set which was made available to India and the World Data Centres A and B. (https://treaties.un.org/doc/publication/unts/volume%201180/volume-1180-i-18895-english.pdf)
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-05-25
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