NOAA GOES-R Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 2 Land Surface Temperature (LST)

ABI-L2-LST

browse graphicExample of the Land Surface Temperature (LST) product as generated by the GOES-R Land Surface Temperature algorithm.
The ABI Land Surface (Skin) Temperature product contains an image with pixel values identifying the instantaneous land surface skin temperature or surface radiometric temperature. Measured from the perspective of the satellite, the product is limited to clear conditions over land and represents the effective land temperature over an isothermal mixed pixel. The product includes data quality information that provides an assessment of the quality of the algorithm retrievals for on-earth pixels. The units of measure for the land surface (skin) temperature value is kelvin. The Land Surface (Skin) Temperature product image is produced on the ABI fixed grid at 10 km resolution for Full Disk and 2 km resolution for CONUS and Mesoscale coverage regions. Product data is produced under the following conditions: Existence of land; Clear sky; Geolocated source data to local zenith angles of 85 degrees for both daytime and nighttime conditions.
  • Cite as: GOES-R Algorithm Working Group and GOES-R Program office, (2018): NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-16) Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 2 Land Surface Temperature (LST). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V52R3PZ8. [access date].
Order Data
Distribution Formats
  • NetCDF (Version: 4)
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
ncei.sat.info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2017-05-24 to Present (time interval: 60-minute)
Spatial Reference System urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 81.3282
S: -81.3282
E: 6.2995
W: -156.2995
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Processing Documents
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2018-03-19
Edition Provisional
Data Presentation Form Digital image
Dataset Progress Status Ongoing - data is continually being updated
Data Update Frequency Continual
Purpose The Land Surface Temperature (LST) product will be derived from GOES-R ABI longwave infrared spectral channels and is expected to be used in a number of applications in hydrology, meteorology, and climatology. Forecasters will use it to forecast the occurrence of fog and frost. The land surface product is of fundamental importance to the net radiation budget at the Earth's surface and to monitoring the state of crops and vegetation. It is an important indicator of both the greenhouse effect and the energy flux between the atmosphere and ground. Furthermore, it can be assimilated into climate, atmospheric, and land surface models to estimate sensible heat flux and latent heat flux.
Use Limitations
  • For a complete description of use limitations for this dataset, refer to the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: GOES-R Algorithm Working Group and GOES-R Program office, (2018): NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-16) Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 2 Land Surface Temperature (LST). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V52R3PZ8. [access date].
Cited Authors
  • GOES-R Algorithm Working Group
  • GOES-R Series Program
Principal Investigators
  • GOES-R Algorithm Working Group
Resource Providers
  • GOES-R Series Program
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Surface Thermal Properties > Land Surface Temperature
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Surface Radiation Budget (including Solar Irradiance)
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office of Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • GOES-16 > Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 16
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • ABI > Advanced Baseline Imager
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Equatorial
  • Geographic Region > Mid-Latitude
  • Geographic Region > Northern Hemisphere
  • Geographic Region > Southern Hemisphere
  • Geographic Region > Western Hemisphere
  • Geographic Region > Tropics
  • Continent > North America > United States Of America
  • Continent > North America > Central America
  • Continent > South America
  • Ocean > Atlantic Ocean
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • GOES > Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
  • gov.noaa.class:GRABIPRD
Data Resolution keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Horizontal Data Resolution Keywords
  • 1 km - < 10 km or approximately .01 degree - < .09 degree
  • 10 km - < 50 km or approximately .09 degree - < .5 degree
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: GOES-R Algorithm Working Group and GOES-R Program office, (2018): NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-16) Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 2 Land Surface Temperature (LST). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V52R3PZ8. [access date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement The data were produced by the NOAA Office of Satellite and Product Operations (OSPO) and are archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office of Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • The Land Surface Temperature product is generated by the GOES-R ABI Land Surface Temperature ground processing algorithm. This product is generated using a regression algorithm based on ABI brightness temperatures and brightness temperature differences for ABI window bands 14 and 15 with central wavelengths of 11.2 and 12.3 um, respectively and on Level 2+ processing parameters containing surface emissivity data. The algorithm applies difference regression coefficients for dry or moist atmospheric conditions as determined from the Total Precipitable Water product or the NWP total precipitable water dynamic processed ancillary data. The 10 km resolution Total Precipitable Water product is upscaled to 2 km using nearest neighbor to support the retrieval. The Land Surface Temperature algorithm operates on 2 km resolution pixels and generates products at this resolution for CONUS and Mesoscale coverage regions, and aggregates the retrieved land surface temperatures to 10 km resolution for the Full Disk coverage region.
  • 2017-05-24T00:00:00 - The GOES-16 ABI Land Surface Temperature algorithm reached beta maturity.
  • 2018-03-16T00:00:00 - The GOES-16 ABI Land Surface Temperature algorithm reached provisional maturity.
  • The GOES-16 ABI Land Surface Temperature algorithm reached full validation maturity.
  • 2018-08-27T00:00:00 - The GOES-17 ABI Land Surface Temperature algorithm reached beta maturity.
  • 2019-06-13T00:00:00 - The GOES-17 ABI Land Surface Temperature algorithm reached provisional maturity.
  • The GOES-17 ABI Land Surface Temperature algorithm reached validated maturity.
Processing Documents
Source Datasets
  • NOAA GOES-R Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 1b Radiances
    • NCEI landing page for ABI-L1B-RAD
      Source dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
    • Description of Source: Level 1b radiances
    • Temporal extent used: 2017-02-28 to Present
    • Spatial extent used: N:81.3282 S:-81.3282 E:6.2995 W:-156.2995
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2019-07-01
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.orders@noaa.gov