NOAA GOES-R Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 2 Sea Surface Temperature (SST) (Skin)

ABI-L2-SST

browse graphicExample of the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) product as generated by the GOES-R SST algorithm.
The Sea Surface (Skin) Temperature product contains an image with pixel values identifying the variations in temperature of the top 10 um of the sea surface. These values are calibrated to the bulk temperature at a depth of 1 m associated with in situ temperature measurements. On average, the pixel values represent the bulk sea surface temperature, but horizontal spatial variations in the product image reveal features associated with the sea surface skin temperature. The product includes data quality information that provides an assessment of the sea surface (skin) temperature data values for on-earth pixels. The units of measure for the sea surface (skin) temperature value is kelvin. The Sea Surface (Skin) Temperature product image is produced on the ABI fixed grid at 2 km resolution for the Full Disk coverage region. Product data is produced under the following conditions: Existence of sea; geolocated source data to local zenith angles of 90 degrees for both daytime and nighttime conditions.
  • Cite as: GOES-R Algorithm Working Group and GOES-R Program Office, (2018): NOAA GOES-R Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 2 Sea Surface Temperature (SST) (Skin). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5WD3XVT. [access date].
Order Data
Distribution Formats
  • NetCDF (Version: 4)
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
ncei.sat.info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2017-05-24 to Present (time interval: 60-minute)
Spatial Reference System urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 81.3282
S: -81.3282
E: 6.2995
W: -156.2995
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Processing Documents
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2018-03-09
Edition Provisional
Data Presentation Form Digital image
Dataset Progress Status Ongoing - data is continually being updated
Data Update Frequency Continual
Purpose GOES-R will provide forecasters with a Sea Surface Temperature (SST) for each cloud-free pixel over water identified by the GOES-R ABI. The SST algorithm employed on GOES-R will use hybrid physical-regression retrieval in order to produce a more accurate product. Knowledge of the SST can be beneficial for a large spectrum of operational applications that include: climate monitoring/forecasting, seasonal forecasting, operational weather and ocean forecasting, military and defense operations, validating or forcing ocean and atmospheric models, sea turtle tracking, coral bleach warnings and assessment, tourism, and commercial fisheries management.
Use Limitations
  • For a complete description of use limitations for this dataset, refer to the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD).
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: GOES-R Algorithm Working Group and GOES-R Program Office, (2018): NOAA GOES-R Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 2 Sea Surface Temperature (SST) (Skin). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5WD3XVT. [access date].
Cited Authors
  • GOES-R Algorithm Working Group
  • GOES-R Series Program
Principal Investigators
  • GOES-R Algorithm Working Group
Resource Providers
  • GOES-R Series Program
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Sea Surface Temperature
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Oceanic - Surface - Sea-surface Temperature
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office and Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • GOES-16 > Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 16
  • GOES-17 > Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 17
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • ABI > Advanced Baseline Imager
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Equatorial
  • Geographic Region > Mid-Latitude
  • Geographic Region > Northern Hemisphere
  • Geographic Region > Southern Hemisphere
  • Geographic Region > Western Hemisphere
  • Geographic Region > Tropics
  • Continent > North America > United States Of America
  • Continent > North America > Central America
  • Continent > South America
  • Ocean > Atlantic Ocean
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • GOES > Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
  • gov.noaa.class:GRABIPRD
Data Resolution keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Horizontal Data Resolution Keywords
  • 1 km - < 10 km or approximately .01 degree - < .09 degree
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Sea Surface
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: GOES-R Algorithm Working Group and GOES-R Program Office, (2018): NOAA GOES-R Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 2 Sea Surface Temperature (SST) (Skin). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5WD3XVT. [access date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement These data were produced by the NOAA Office of Satellite and Product Operations (OSPO) and are archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/OSPO > Office of Satellite and Product Operations, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • The Sea Surface (Skin) Temperature product is generated by the GOES-R ABI Sea Surface (Skin) Temperature ground processing algorithm. This product is retrieved using a hybrid regression algorithm that incorporates observed brightness temperatures, clear sky brightness temperatures computed based on the Community Radiative Transfer Model (CRTM), and the Reynolds sea surface temperature. Regression coefficients are defined for daytime and for nighttime conditions. This algorithm can also be configured to execute in a standard regression configuration that does not rely on the CRTM inputs. An attribute of the primary data variable in the product file, "algorithm_type", indicates the specific algorithm used. Both algorithms employ a multiband approach, relying on brightness temperature in ABI bands 7, 14, and 15 with central wavelengths 3.9, 11.2, and 12.3 um for nighttime, and ABI bands 14 and 15 for daytime. Pixels in the product image with out-of-range values are assigned the minimum or maximum value in the valid range. The product is a composite, making use of multiple ABI Full Disk observations collected over a one hour period at fifteen minute intervals. The algorithm applies the hybrid regression for all ocean pixels regardless of cloud cover.
  • 2017-05-24T00:00:00 - The GOES-16 ABI Sea Surface Temperature algorithm reached beta maturity.
  • 2018-03-09T00:00:00 - The GOES-16 ABI Sea Surface Temperature algorithm reached provisional maturity.
  • The GOES-16 ABI Sea Surface Temperature algorithm reached full validation maturity.
  • 2018-08-27T00:00:00 - The GOES-17 ABI Sea Surface Temperature algorithm reached beta maturity.
  • The GOES-17 ABI Sea Surface Temperature algorithm reached provisional maturity.
  • The GOES-17 ABI Sea Surface Temperature algorithm reached full validation maturity.
Processing Documents
Source Datasets
  • NOAA GOES-R Series Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) Level 1b Radiances
    • NCEI landing page for ABI-L1B-RAD
      Source dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
    • Description of Source: Level 1b radiances
    • Temporal extent used: 2017-02-28 to Present
    • Spatial extent used: N:81.3282 S:-81.3282 E:6.2995 W:-156.2995
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2018-11-05
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