NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Monthly Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR), Version 2.7


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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Monthly Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR), Version 2.7
            alternateTitle:  Outgoing Longwave Radiation - Monthly
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2018-07-17
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            edition:  Version 2.7
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:
                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5W37TKD
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NCEI DSI 3690_03
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C01561
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                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
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                individualName:  Lee, Hai-Tien
                organisationName:  UMD/ESSIC > Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland
                positionName:  Physical Scientist
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                        electronicMailAddress:  lee@umd.edu
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) principalInvestigator
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                individualName:  Lee, Hai-Tien
                organisationName:  UMD/ESSIC > Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland
                positionName:  Physical Scientist
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                organisationName:  NOAA CDR Program
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        abstract:  This Climate Data Record (CDR) of monthly mean Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) flux at the top of the atmosphere in all sky conditions is on a 2.5 degree x 2.5 degree grid with global coverage from January 1979 to the present and continuing monthly. It is derived based on the multispectral High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) OLR algorithm and other methodologies. This dataset was created from HIRS OLR retrievals from TIROS-N to NOAA-19, and MetOp-A/B satellites with inter-satellite calibration adjustments and employed the empirical diurnal model for monthly mean derivation. This version 2.7 is an upgrade from the previous version 2.2-1. The main change is in the OLR regression models and the inter-satellite calibration. The version 2.7 OLR regression models improved the retrieval consistency between variant versions of HIRS instruments, HIRS-2, 2i, 3 and 4, and in turn, the accuracy of inter-satellite calibration is significantly improved, thus eliminating the spurious trends presented in the version 2.2-1 data. The data file format is netCDF-4 with CF metadata, and it is accompanied by algorithm documentation, data flow diagram and source code for the NOAA CDR Program.
        purpose:  This dataset provides a high quality Climate Data Record (CDR) of Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR). The amount of terrestrial radiation that is released into space and, by extension, the amount of cloud cover and water vapor that intercepts that radiation in the atmosphere defines the Monthly OLR CDR. Uses include conducting studies/operation in global change monitoring, earth radiation budget, precipitation, tropical dynamics and monsoon diagnostics/forecast and tropical expansion.
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                    deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 447
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                    postalCode:  28801-5001
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  monthly_olr_contacts@noaa.gov
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                    description:  Contact information for the CDR Program.
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                hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
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            fileName: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/metadata/images/C01561_OutgoingLongwaveRadiationMonthly.jpg
            fileDescription:  Image of Monthly Mean OLR.
            fileType:  JPEG
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Radiation > Outgoing Longwave Radiation
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
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                    date:  2018
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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            keyword:  TIROS-N > Television Infrared Observation Satellite - N
            keyword:  NOAA-6 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 6
            keyword:  NOAA-7 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 7
            keyword:  NOAA-8 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 8
            keyword:  NOAA-9 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 9
            keyword:  NOAA-10 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 10
            keyword:  NOAA-11 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 11
            keyword:  NOAA-12 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 12
            keyword:  NOAA-14 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 14
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            keyword:  NOAA-16 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 16
            keyword:  NOAA-17 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 17
            keyword:  NOAA-18 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 18
            keyword:  NOAA-19 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 19
            keyword:  MetOp-A > Meteorological Operational Polar Satellite - A
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  HIRS > High Resolution Infra-red Sounder
            keyword:  HIRS-2 > High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/2
            keyword:  HIRS-3 > High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/3
            keyword:  HIRS-4 > High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/4
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            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  For a complete description of use limiataions for this CDR, see the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document.
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            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite dataset when used as a source: Hai-Tien Lee and NOAA CDR Program (2018): NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Monthly Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR), Version 2.7. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.7289/V5W37TKD [access date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
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                title:  NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Monthly Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR), Version 2.2-1
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2011-08-26
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Version 2.2-1
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                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.7289/V5222RQP
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                            applicationProfile:  Landing Page
                            name:  NCEI landing page for the superseded Version 2.2-1
                            description:  Superseded dataset landing page. This version should not be used as the primary research dataset. It may be appropriate to use for reproducing studies that used this earlier version.
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                title:  NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Daily Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR), Version 1.2
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                    date:  2014-07-03
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1979-01-01
                    endPosition:
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                name:  NCEI landing page for this dataset
                description:  Dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdr/atmospheric/outgoing-longwave-radiation-monthly
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Information
                name:  NOAA CDR page
                description:  Access to the published CDR, source code, and documentation.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/data/outgoing-longwave-radiation-monthly/access/
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Download
                name:  NCEI Direct Download
                description:  Direct download for dataset files.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/thredds/catalog/cdr/olr-monthly/catalog.html
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  THREDDS
                name:  NCEI THREDDS Catalog
                description:  THREDDS Data Service for this dataset.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode)
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  The data were produced by the University of Maryland and are archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  For a complete description of the processing steps, see the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document and Data Flow Diagram.
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  UMD > University of Maryland
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  sd001
                source:  sd002
                source:  sd003
                source:  sd004
                source:  sd005
                processingInformation:  (LE_Processing)
                    identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                        code:  CDR Version 2.7
                    softwareReference:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  CDR Source Code
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date:  2018
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                            positionName:  NOAA Climate Data Record Program Office
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                    voice:  +1 (828) 271-4800
                                    facsimile:  +1 (828) 271-4328
                                address:  (CI_Address)
                                    deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                                    deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 447
                                    city:  Asheville
                                    administrativeArea:  NC
                                    postalCode:  28801-5001
                                    country:  USA
                                    electronicMailAddress:  cdr_program.ncdc@noaa.gov
                                hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                            role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName: (missing)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/sds/cdr/CDRs/Outgoing%20Longwave%20Radiation%20-%20Monthly/SourceCode_01B-06.tar.gz
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                    name:  CDR Source Code
                                    description:  This source code is for reference only. The source code is provided to maintain transparency of the algorithm and processes used in creating the Climate Data Record (CDR). The source code is not intended to be portable to any computer system(s) beyond that of the original CDR producer's environment.
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (missing)
                    documentation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  CDR Data Flow Diagram
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date:  2018
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                            code:  CDRP-DIA (01B-06)
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                            positionName:  NOAA Climate Data Record Program Office
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                    voice:  +1 (828) 271-4800
                                    facsimile:  +1 (828) 271-4328
                                address:  (CI_Address)
                                    deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                                    deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 447
                                    city:  Asheville
                                    administrativeArea:  NC
                                    postalCode:  28801-5001
                                    country:  USA
                                    electronicMailAddress:  cdr_program.ncdc@noaa.gov
                                hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                            role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            organisationName: (missing)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/sds/cdr/CDRs/Outgoing%20Longwave%20Radiation%20-%20Monthly/DataFlowDiagram_01B-06.pdf
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                    name:  CDR Data Flow Diagram
                                    description:  Flowcharts for the CDR product.
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                            role: (missing)
                    algorithm:  (LE_Algorithm)
                        citation:  (CI_Citation)
                            title:  Climate Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document
                            date:  (CI_Date)
                                date:  2018
                                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                                code:  CDRP-ATBD (01B-06)
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                                positionName:  NOAA Climate Data Record Program Office
                                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                                        voice:  +1 (828) 271-4800
                                        facsimile:  +1 (828) 271-4328
                                    address:  (CI_Address)
                                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 447
                                        city:  Asheville
                                        administrativeArea:  NC
                                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                                        country:  USA
                                        electronicMailAddress:  cdr_program.ncdc@noaa.gov
                                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                                organisationName: (missing)
                                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                        linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/sds/cdr/CDRs/Outgoing%20Longwave%20Radiation%20-%20Monthly/AlgorithmDescription_01B-06.pdf
                                        protocol:  HTTPS
                                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                        name:  Climate Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document
                                        description:  ATBD for the CDR product.
                                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                                role: (missing)
                        description:  See Algorithm Citation
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description: (missing)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  NOAA High-resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) Level 1b dataset
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        role: (missing)
                sourceStep:  ps001
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description: (missing)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  OLR Regression Coefficients
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        role: (missing)
                sourceStep:  ps001
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description: (missing)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Inter-Satellite Bias Corrections
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        role: (missing)
                sourceStep:  ps001
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description: (missing)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Instrument Ambient Temperature Prediction Coefficients
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        role: (missing)
                sourceStep:  ps001
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description: (missing)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  OLR Diurnal Model Coefficients
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        role: (missing)
                sourceStep:  ps001
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  > HIRS > High Resolution Infra-red Sounder
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  > HIRS-2 > High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/2
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  > HIRS-3 > High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/3
            type: (missing)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  > HIRS-4 > High Resolution Infra-red Sounder/4
            type: (missing)
        operation:  (MI_Operation)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:
            status: (missing)
            parentOperation: (inapplicable)
        operation:  (MI_Operation)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:
            status: (missing)
            parentOperation: (inapplicable)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  TIROS-N > Television Infrared Observation Satellite - N
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-6 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 6
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-7 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 7
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-8 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 8
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-9 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 9
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-10 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 10
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-11 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 11
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-12 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 12
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-14 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 14
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-15 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 15
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-16 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 16
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-17 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 17
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-18 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 18
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA-19 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - 19
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  MetOp-A > Meteorological Operational Polar Satellite - A
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  MetOp-B > Meteorological Operational Polar Satellite - B
            description: (missing)
            instrument: (missing)