Earth Systems Research Laboratory Global Radiation Surface Radiation Budget (SURFRAD) Quality Control Radiation (QCRAD) Level 3 Measurements


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            title:  Earth Systems Research Laboratory Global Radiation Surface Radiation Budget (SURFRAD) Quality Control Radiation (QCRAD) Level 3 Measurements
            alternateTitle:  ESRL GMD GRAD SURFRAD QCRAD Level 3
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                date:  2018-03-14
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                date:  1995-01
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                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.25921/rjq4-cq67
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                code:  NCEI DSI 9874_01
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                code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C01566
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                individualName:  Stanitsky, Diane
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                individualName:  Augustine, John
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        abstract:  The Global Radiation and Aerosol (GRAD) Group is part of NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) in Boulder, CO. The GRAD Group is involved in observational and theoretical research of the Earth's surface and atmospheric radiation budgets. The group specializes in the investigation of climatically significant variations in long-term radiation and meteorological measurements made at diverse globally-remote sites and continental US sites. The GRAD Observation Network is comprised of ESRL Global Monitoring Division (GMD) Baseline Observatories, GMD Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) sites, Surface Radiation (SURFRAD) sites in the continental United States, Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) international sites, NOAA/EPA Brewer Spectrophotometer Network (NEUBrew) sites in the continental United States, Antarctic UV sites, and Solar Radiation (SOLRAD) sites in the continental United States. In addition to measurements made at GRAD Observation Network sites, the group makes observations of spectral solar radiation for the remote sensing of certain atmospheric constituents and determination of variations in the UV irradiance. Group research interests include the extent and cause of observed radiation and climate variations and collaborations with other research groups to make satellite observations and climate model calculations as accurate as possible. Accurate and precise ground-based measurements in differing climatic regions are essential to refine and verify satellite-based estimates. To fill this need, the Surface Radiation Budget Network (SURFRAD) was established in 1993 as the first full surface radiation budget network operating across the United States with a primary object to support climate research with accurate, continuous, long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget over the United States. There are seven SURFRAD stations that operate in climatologically diverse regions: Colorado, Illinois, Nevada, Montana, Mississippi, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota. The SURFRAD network collects independent measures of upwelling and downwelling radiation, solar and infrared radiation, ancillary observations include direct and diffuse solar, photosynthetically active radiation, erythemal UVB, spectral solar, and meteorological parameters. Data are downloaded, quality controlled, and processed into daily files that are distributed in near real time by anonymous FTP and the web. Observations from SURFRAD have been used for evaluating satellite-based estimates of surface radiation, and for validating hydrologic, weather prediction, and climate models while working closely with other universities, national labs, and scientific programs.
        purpose:  The SURFRAD mission is clear; its primary objective is to support climate and weather research with accurate, continuous, long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget over the United States. Observations from SURFRAD used operationally for evaluating satellite-based estimates of surface radiation, renewable energy planning and applications, and in the evaluation and development of hydrologic, weather prediction, and climate models.
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            keyword:  SURFACE RADIATION BUDGET MEASUREMENTS
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Augustine, John; Stanitsky, Diane; Cornwall, Chris; and NOAA ESRL (2018): Earth Systems Research Laboratory Global Radiation Surface Radiation Budget (SURFRAD) Quality Control Radiation (QCRAD) Level 3 Measurements, Version 1. [User indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.25921/rjq4-cq67 [User indicate access date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  SURFRAD -- A national surface radiation budget network for atmospheric research
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2000-10-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Volume 81 Number 10
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<2341:SANSRB>2.3.CO;2
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<2341:SANSRB>2.3.CO;2
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  SURFRAD -- A national surface radiation budget network for atmospheric research
                            description:  Science Paper DOI
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) source
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) sciencePaper
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  An Update on SURFRAD - The GCOS Surface Radiation Budget Network for the Continental United States
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2005-04-18
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Volume 22
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  DOI: 10.1175/JTECH1806.1
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH1806.1
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  An Update on SURFRAD - The GCOS Surface Radiation Budget Network for the Continental United States
                            description:  Science Paper DOI
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) source
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) sciencePaper
        spatialResolution:  (MD_Resolution)
            distance:
              Distance:  100
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        environmentDescription:  Raw data (voltages and resistances) are recorded as 1 minute averages on site. Those data are downloaded every 15 minutes to a Windows computer and then transferred to a Unix server. Daily files of processed data (i.e., calibrations applied) are built on the Unix server. The processed data files are quality controlled by an analyst, and then processed through QCRad_V3 code. Quality controlled data files are released on a daily basis via FTP, usually the day after the data are retrieved. Data are processed on a Unix server using a series of Unix scripts, perl and R utilities, but the main processing is done with FORTRAN code.
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                extentTypeCode:  1
                westBoundLongitude:  -125.0
                eastBoundLongitude:  -66.0
                southBoundLatitude:  24.0
                northBoundLatitude:  50.0
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  ground condition
                    beginPosition:  1995-01
                    endPosition:
                    timeInterval:  1
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access, and customer support contacts.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  1
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://doi.org/10.25921/rjq4-cq67
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Landing Page
                    name:  Earth Systems Research Laboratory Global Radiation Surface Radiation Budget (SURFRAD) Quality Control Radiation (QCRAD) Level 3 Measurements Landing Page
                    description:  Dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  netCDF-4
                version:  4
                fileDecompressionTechnique:  Gzip
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  0.6
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/grad/surfrad/
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Download
                    name:  ESRL Direct Download for SURFRAD
                    description:  Direct download for data
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  netCDF-4
                version:  4
                fileDecompressionTechnique:  Gzip
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  0.6
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/grad/surfrad/
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Information
                    name:  ESRL/GMD Global Radiation Group SURFRAD Website
                    description:  SURFRAD (Surface Radiation) Network Website
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  The SURFRAD network was originally funded by NOAA's Office of Global Programs in 1993. Its funding was eventually transferred to NOAA's Climate Program Office.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Raw data (voltages and resistances) are recorded as 1 minute averages on site. Those data are downloaded every 15 minutes to a Windows computer and then transferred to a Unix server. Daily files of processed data (i.e., calibrations applied) are built on the Unix server. The processed data files are quality controlled by an analyst, and then processed through QCRad_V3 code. Quality controlled data files are released on a daily basis via FTP, usually the day after the data are retrieved.
                rationale:  For quality control of raw data
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/ESRL/GMD > Global Monitoring Division, Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2019-10-02. See version control repository history for metadata change details.