Global Significant Earthquake Database, 2150 BC to present

browse graphicGlobal plot of significant earthquakes
The Significant Earthquake Database is a global listing of over 5,700 earthquakes from 2150 BC to the present. A significant earthquake is classified as one that meets at least one of the following criteria: caused deaths, caused moderate damage (approximately $1 million or more), magnitude 7.5 or greater, Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) X or greater, or the earthquake generated a tsunami. The database provides information on the date and time of occurrence, latitude and longitude, focal depth, magnitude, maximum MMI intensity, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates. References, political geography, and additional comments are also provided for each earthquake. If the earthquake was associated with a tsunami or volcanic eruption, it is flagged and linked to the related tsunami event or significant volcanic eruption.
Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Significant Earthquake Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K [access date]
Search Data
  • Global Significant Earthquake Database (search)
    The database contains information for each earthquake such as the date, time, location, focal depth, magnitude, intensity, and socio-economic data including the total number of fatalities, injuries, houses damaged, and houses destroyed and $ dollar damage estimates if available. If the earthquake was associated with a tsunami or volcanic eruption, it is flagged and linked to the related tsunami event or significant volcanic eruption.
  • Natural Hazards Map Viewer (search)
    Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
Download Data
  • Google Earth KML (download)
    Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
Distribution Formats
  • ASCII
  • ArcGIS
Distributor Hazards Data Manager
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
haz.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Paula Dunbar
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
(303) 497-6084
Paula.Dunbar@noaa.gov
Time Period: -2150-00-00 to Present
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 71
S: -63
E: 180
W: -179
Spatial Coverage Map:
General Documentation
Date(s)
  • publication: 1972-01-01
Data Presentation Form: mapDigital
Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Under development
Data Update Frequency: As needed
Purpose: These data are necessary for earthquake hazard assessments and mitigation efforts.
Dataset Citation Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Significant Earthquake Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K [access date]
Originator(s)
  • National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS)
Point(s) of Contact
  • Paula Dunbar
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publisher(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA
Time Period: -2150-00-00 to Present
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 71
S: -63
E: 180
W: -179
Spatial Coverage Map:
Theme keywords NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Interior & Crust
  • Earth Science > Solid Earth > Seismology > Earthquake Occurrences
INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
  • INFOTERRA > Disasters > Catastrophic phenomena > Earthquakes
  • INFOTERRA > Lithosphere > Seismic activity > Seismic activity
  • INFOTERRA > Lithosphere > Seismic monitoring > Seismic monitoring
  • INFOTERRA > Disasters > Catastrophic phenomena > Tsunami
Uncontrolled Keywords
  • Epicenter
  • Hypocenter
  • Seismology
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
  • Global
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
Use Constraints
  • While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Access Constraints
  • Access to this dataset is unrestricted.
Other Constraints Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Significant Earthquake Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K [access date]
Fees
  • Free online
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2015-10-01
For questions about the information on this page, please email: haz.info@noaa.gov