Volcanic Ash Advisory Database, 1983-2003


 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.hazards:G10073
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        positionName:  Hazards Data Manager
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2018-07-30
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Volcanic Ash Advisory Database, 1983-2003
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2006-03-14
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Nicolas Arcos
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-3158
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, Mail Code E/NE42
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) imageDigital
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) tableDigital
        abstract:  Volcanic ash is a significant hazard to aviation and can also affect global climate patterns. To ensure safe navigation and monitor possible climatic impact, the NOAA Satellite Services Division (SSD) tracks volcanic ash eruptions throughout the world. After an eruption, SSD issues a Volcanic Ash Advisory (VAA) message and a forecast of ash location in the atmosphere from the Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport and Dispersion (VAFTAD) model. The Volcanic Ash Advisory Database contains VAA messages, VAFTAD model output, and substantiating information from 1983 to 2003, that have been scanned into image format. The substantiating information includes surface weather observations, pilot reports, volcanic observatory reports, news media reports, and satellite imagery for each event. This database is static and is no longer being updated by NCEI.
        purpose:  Provides volcanic ash modelers, climate analysts, and volcanologists with web-access to volcanic ash advisory data from past eruptive events.
        credit:  Satellite Products and Services Division of the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Nicolas Arcos
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-3158
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, Mail Code E/NE42
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) notPlanned
            maintenanceNote:  There are no plans to update the data in this collection.
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/icons/volcanoes.jpg
            fileDescription:  Mt. St. Helens ash cloud
            fileType:  jpg
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes
            keyword:  Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Eruption Dynamics
            keyword:  Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Volcanic Ash/Dust
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            city:  Greenbelt
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                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-28
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2017-07-25
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCenter
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-18
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  Produced by the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center. Not subject to copyright protection within the United States.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -179
                eastBoundLongitude:  179
                southBoundLatitude:  -79
                northBoundLatitude:  89
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1983-07-18
                    endPosition:  2003-02-23
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Volcano Name
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) referenceInformation
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Location
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) coordinate
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Latitude
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  Distance measured north or south from the equator. Distance north is positive, distance south is negative.
            maxValue:
              Real:  90.00000
            minValue:
              Real:  -90.00000
            units:
              UnitDefinition:
                identifier:  decimal degrees
                name:  decimal degrees
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Longitude
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  Longitude is measured from the Prime Meridian (which is the north/south line that runs through Greenwich, England), values measured east are positive and values measured west are negative.
            maxValue:
              Real:  180.00000
            minValue:
              Real:  -180.00000
            units:
              UnitDefinition:
                identifier:  decimal degrees
                name:  decimal degrees
        dimension:  (MD_Band)
            sequenceIdentifier:
              MemberName:
                aName:  Region
                attributeType: (unknown)
            descriptor:  The global region in which the volcano is located.
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Date of Volcanic Ash Advisory
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) physicalMeasurement
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Type of Information
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) thematicClassification
        rangeElementDescription:  (MI_RangeElementDescription)
            name:  Type of Information
            definition:  The type of information, whether it be an advisory, model output, or substantiating information.
            rangeElement:
              Record:  Substantiating Information
            rangeElement:
              Record:  Volcanic Ash Advisories and VAFTAD Output
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Type of Image
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) thematicClassification
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    contentInfo:  (MI_CoverageDescription)
        attributeDescription:
          RecordType:  Filename
        contentType:  (MD_CoverageContentTypeCode) referenceInformation
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            name:  jpeg
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            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Hazards Data Manager
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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                fees:  Free on the web
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/servlet/ShowDatasets?dataset=101597&search_look=39&display_look=39
                protocol:  http
                name:  Volcanic Ash Advisory Database Inventory Search
                description:  Use this form to search the inventory of the volcanic ash advisory database. The Volcanic Ash Advisory Database contains VAA messages, VAFTAD model output, and substantiating information from 1983 to 2003, that have been scanned into image format. This database is static and is no longer being updated by NCEI.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  This database was started in 2004 when Grace Swanson of the NOAA/NESDIS/Satellite Analysis Branch provided twenty years (1983 to 2003) of files containing??Volcanic Ash Advisory (VAA) messages issued by the Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport and Dispersion (VAFTAD) model output, and substantiating information to the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) for archive and distribution. The documents were scanned into image format. The scanning effort was funded through the NOAA Earth Systems Data and Information Management (ESDIM) funding program. The purpose of the project was to provide examples to meteorological offices in other countries of the volcanic ash advisory decision-making process.
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The database was created in 2004 from twenty years of files containing Volcanic Ash Advisory (VAA) messages issued by the Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport and Dispersion (VAFTAD) model output, and substantiating information to the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) for archive and distribution.
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Natural Hazards Data Manager
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  This database was started in 2004 when Grace Swanson of the NOAA/NESDIS/Satellite Analysis Branch provided twenty years (1983 to 2003) of files containing??Volcanic Ash Advisory (VAA) messages issued by the Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport and Dispersion (VAFTAD) model output, and substantiating information to the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) for archive and distribution.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The database is an accurate and complete representation of the decision-making process and algorithms that were used by the Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) during this time period.
            result: (unknown)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
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                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) unknown
        maintenanceNote:  This record was automatically modified on 2015-10-01 to include references to NCEI where applicable.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Anna Milan
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Metadata Specialist
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-5099
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  Mail Code E/NE52
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Anna.Milan@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  9:00 - 5:00 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact