December 1988 Leninakan-Spitak-Kirovakan, Armenia Images

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The magnitude 6.9 earthquake shook northwestern Armenia, and was followed four minutes later by a magnitude 5.8 aftershock. The earthquakes affected an area 80 kilometers in diameter. This set includes damage photographs taken in and around the devastated cities of Spitak and Leninakan, where 25,000 deaths occurred. Location: Northwestern Armenian SSR, 18 kilometers north northwest of Spitak. Damage: $14.2 billion. Fifteen thousand were injured and 517,000 lost their homes. The death toll (25,000) could have been much worse had it not been for the heroic rescue of 15,000 who were pulled from the rubble.
  • Cite as: NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (2012): Natural Hazard Images Database (Event: December 1988 Leninakan-Spitak-Kirovakan, Armenia Images). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5154F01 [access date]
  • gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos:10
gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos:10
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Distributor Hazards Data Manager
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
haz.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Hazards Data Manager
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
haz.info@noaa.gov
Time Period Unknown to Unknown
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 40.987
S: 40.987
E: 44.185
W: 44.185
Spatial Coverage Map
Documentation links not available.
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2012-02-01
Data Presentation Form Digital image
Dataset Progress Status Ongoing - data is continually being updated
Data Update Frequency As needed
Purpose To provide images of natural hazards for research and education.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (2012): Natural Hazard Images Database (Event: December 1988 Leninakan-Spitak-Kirovakan, Armenia Images). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5154F01 [access date]
Originators
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publishers
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Acknowledgments
  • Heather McCullough
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Infrastructure
  • Earth Science > Solid Earth > Tectonics > Earthquakes
  • Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Natural Hazards > Earthquakes
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Continent > Asia > Western Asia > Armenia
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
  • NOAA OneStop Project
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (2012): Natural Hazard Images Database (Event: December 1988 Leninakan-Spitak-Kirovakan, Armenia Images). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5154F01 [access date]
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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Lineage information for: series
Lineage Statement NCEI maintains a database of images of natural hazard events.
Last Modified: 2017-10-16
For questions about the information on this page, please email: haz.info@noaa.gov