Community Structure of Fish and Macrobenthos at Selected Shallow-water Sites in Relation to the Barber's Point Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1991 - 1999 (NCEI Accession 0000174)


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            title:  Community Structure of Fish and Macrobenthos at Selected Shallow-water Sites in Relation to the Barber's Point Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1991 - 1999 (NCEI Accession 0000174)
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        abstract:  This report provides the results of the eight years of an annual quantitative monitoring of shallow marine communities inshore of the Barbers Point Ocean Outfall located in 61 m of water offshore of Ewa Beach, Oahu, Hawaii. The monitoring effort focuses on benthic and fish community structure and is designed to detect changes in these communities. Field sampling was first carried out in August 1991 when three study stations were established: Station BP-1, a control station 2.2 km inshore and east of the outfall terminus; Station BP-2, an experimental station about 1.6 km inshore of the terminus; and Station BP-3, an experimental station about 2.9 km west and inshore of the terminus. The second field effort, completed in May and September 1993, resurveyed the above stations as well as established a fourth station (BP-4) on and adjacent to the basalt armor caprock protecting the discharge pipe in 13 m of water and directly inshore of the outfall terminus. Subsequent field surveys were completed in March and April 1994, in June 1995, in May 1996, in February and April 1997, in January and March 1998, and the most recent in January 1999. These permanently marked stations are sited to capitalize on presumed gradients of impact that may be created by the discharge and movement of treated sewage effluent toward the shore and the coral reef communities. Data from the first survey suggested that marine communities offshore of Ewa Beach receive disturbance from a number of possible sources, with the largest perturbation probably coming from natural disturbance caused by occasional wave impact. This was most evident at the station directly inshore of the outfall. Data from Station BP-4 showed that benthic communities situated on armor rock which rises above the flat limestone substratum are not subjected to the same sand scour as those situated on the limestone; thus the coral communities on the elevated caprock are better developed on this substrate. A comparison of the data from the eight annual surveys indicated that no statistically significant change has occurred in the measured biological parameters at these permanent stations, despite the imposition of a major hurricane on these marine communities in September 1992. Thus the data to date support the contention that the operation of the Barbers Point deep-ocean outfall is not having a quantifiable impact on the coral reef resources situated inshore of the outfall terminus.
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                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33DV/ 33DV
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
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                title:  SeaDataNet Ship and Platform Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Brock, Richard; University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (2010). Community Structure of Fish and Macrobenthos at Selected Shallow-water Sites in Relation to the Barber's Point Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1991 - 1999 (NCEI Accession 0000174). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000174. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) biota
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                westBoundLongitude:  -158.07
                eastBoundLongitude:  -158.03
                southBoundLatitude:  21.3
                northBoundLatitude:  21.32
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1991-08-19
                    endPosition:  1999-01-27
        supplementalInformation: (missing)
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0000174 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2010-12-15T18:34:24Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0000174 v1.1
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0000174 was revised and v2.2 was published.
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                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-02-22T21:51:12Z
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                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0000174 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
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            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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                code:  oxygen meter
            type:  oxygen meter
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                code:  photograph
            type:  photograph
            description:  still images used as the basis for making parameter determinations
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  refractometer
            type:  refractometer
            description:  refractometer
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                code:  secchi disk
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