Community structure of fish and macrobenthos at selected sites fronting Sand Island, Oahu, Hawaii in relation to the Sand Island Deep Ocean Sewage Outfall, 1990 - 1998 (NCEI Accession 0000177)

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This report provides the results of nine years of an annual quantitative monitoring of shallow marine communities inshore of the Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii. This monitoring effort focuses on benthic and fish community structure and is designed to detect changes in these communities. Marine communities offshore of Honolulu have received considerable perturbation over the last 100 years. Dumping of raw sewage in shallow water, which occurred from 1955 to 1977, was halted in 1978; however, point and nonpoint sources of pollution from both urban activities and industry continue. All of these disturbances may serve to obscure any impacts that may be caused by treated effluent discharged from the deep-ocean outfall. The marine communities show a considerable range in development that is probably related to historical impacts. Stations have been located to take advantage of these gradients. Analysis of the nine years of data showed that there has been no statistically significant change in any of the biological parameters measured in this study other than for the mean number of invertebrate species and numbers of individual invertebrates encountered per transect. In these cases the data for 1998 showed significantly greater numbers of species and individuals over other years. These changes are probably the result of higher than usual counts of the Christmas tree worm Spirobranchus giganteus corniculatus as well as just more invertebrate species present at most stations. All other measures of the communities in this study (i.e., percent coral cover, number of coral species, number of fish species, total number of fishes counted, and the biomass of fishes present at each station) showed no significant changes through the period of this study. Hurricane Iniki, which occurred in September 1992, impacted marine communities along the south shore of Oahu. Coral communities received considerable damage, especially at the westernmost study station. Recovery in these communities is evident from the six years of data collected since the storm. Thus far, this study has not detected a quantifiable negative impact from the operation of the Sand Island Ocean Outfall.
  • Cite as: Brock, Richard E.; Fujioka, Roger S.; Moncur, James E.T.; Water Resources Research Center, University Of Hawaii at Manoa (2010). Community structure of fish and macrobenthos at selected sites fronting Sand Island, Oahu, Hawaii in relation to the Sand Island Deep Ocean Sewage Outfall, 1990 - 1998 (NCEI Accession 0000177). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000177. Accessed [date].
gov.noaa.nodc:0000177
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1990-12-27 to 1998-08-28
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 21.175
S: 21.16
E: -157.53
W: -157.55
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2010-12-15
  • revision: 2012-06-14
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Historical archive - data has been stored in an offline storage facility
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
Sampling Periods:

12/27/1990 - 12/29/1990
12/5/1991 - 12/6/1991
12/21/1992 - 12/22/1992
1/25/1993
8/7/1993 - 9/9/1993
9/20/1994
10/13/1994 - 10/14/1994
8/28/1995
9/7/1995
9/26/1995
11/20/1996 - 11/21/1996
8/14/1997 - 8/15/1997
8/18/1997
8/28/1998

In this Accession, NODC has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
Purpose Determine the status of the marine resources in the vicinity of the discharge in an effort to quantitatively ascertain if any impacts are occurring to the coral reef biota.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Brock, Richard E.; Fujioka, Roger S.; Moncur, James E.T.; Water Resources Research Center, University Of Hawaii at Manoa (2010). Community structure of fish and macrobenthos at selected sites fronting Sand Island, Oahu, Hawaii in relation to the Sand Island Deep Ocean Sewage Outfall, 1990 - 1998 (NCEI Accession 0000177). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000177. Accessed [date].
Cited Authors
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Sea Grant
  • Department of Environmental Services, City and County of Honolulu
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Originator Keywords
  • Coastal studies
  • Coral reef monitoring and assessment
  • algal species
  • biological survey
  • coral species
  • coral survey
  • fish biomass
  • fish census
  • fish species
  • invertebrate species
  • macroinvertebrate census
  • percent oxygen concentration
  • salinity
  • substratum percent cover (coral, algal, rock, sand)
  • temperature
  • water clarity (turbidity), extinction
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS ICES/SeaDataNet Ship Codes
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords Originator Instruments
  • Secchi disk
  • YSI Model 57 Oxygen meter
  • hand-held refractometer
  • visual census
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Originator Place Names
  • Hawaii
  • Honolulu
  • Kalihi Channel
  • Kewalo Landfill
  • Mamala Bay
  • Oahu
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Reef Runway
  • Sand Island
Originator Stratum Keywords
  • benthic
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS
Stratum keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Stratum Keywords
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Brock, Richard E.; Fujioka, Roger S.; Moncur, James E.T.; Water Resources Research Center, University Of Hawaii at Manoa (2010). Community structure of fish and macrobenthos at selected sites fronting Sand Island, Oahu, Hawaii in relation to the Sand Island Deep Ocean Sewage Outfall, 1990 - 1998 (NCEI Accession 0000177). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000177. Accessed [date].
Access Constraints
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2010-12-15T18:37:56Z - NCEI Accession 0000177 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-14T19:30:18Z - NCEI Accession 0000177 was revised and v2.2 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • oxygen meter
  • refractometer
  • secchi disk
  • swimmer/diver
  • visual observation
Platform
  • SWIMMER/DIVER
Last Modified: 2020-08-29T12:18:55Z
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