Hydrographic cruises to provide the seasonal cross-isobath and along-isobath descriptions of the physical, chemical and biological descriptors of the shelf ecosystem of the West Florida shelf to support ECOHAB, 1998-06 to 1999-12 (NODC Accession 0000539)

Harmful algal blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, have caused massive fish kills in the Gulf of Mexico since the 1500's, with most occurrences on the west coast of Florida. In 1996, the list of states that have experiences natural resource, public health and economic impacts related to this organism expanded, with the addition of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, to include all the Gulf-coast states and North Carolina. Estimates of economic impacts to Florida and North Carolina from two moderate intensity blooms ranged from 15 to 25 million dollars respectively. The harmful impacts caused by Karenia brevis occur only when cell concentrations increase significantly above low background concentrations that are present year-round in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico. Once a bloom has developed offshore in typically oligotrophic waters, cell concentrations at the 105 level can be maintained for months. During 21 of the past 22 years, red tide blooms have been observed within the region between Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor.

The key to understanding any HAB lies in knowing how one algal species has adapted and come to dominate in its particular realm of physical, biological and chemical conditions. Our ability to predict initiation, maintenance, and dispersal of blooms on the Florida shelf has been severely limited by the lack of a quantitative description , or model, of their population dynamics and the physical, biological and chemical regime in which they are embedded. The modeling components of this project will incorporate the quantitative description of blooms and their surrounding environment provided by the field and laboratory portions of this project. The field component will employ a set of monthly hydrographic cruises. Purpose: 1. Model the initiation, maintenance, and export of K. brevis red tides on the west Florida shelf at different time and space scales to predict landfall 2. Describe the physical habitat that effects transport and concentration of K. brevis 3. Determine the sources of inorganic and organic nutrients that allow growth and persistence of large K. brevis populations in coastal waters.
  • Cite as: Steely, Teresa; University of South Florida - St. Petersburg (2011). Hydrographic cruises to provide the seasonal cross-isobath and along-isobath descriptions of the physical, chemical and biological descriptors of the shelf ecosystem of the West Florida shelf to support ECOHAB, 1998-06 to 1999-12 (NODC Accession 0000539). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0000539
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1998-06-01 to 1999-12-31
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 27.6
S: 26.1
E: -82.2
W: -84.5
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2011-01-06
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
ECOHAB (ECology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms) is
a scientific program designed to increase understanding of
the fundamental processes underlying the impacts and
population dynamics of HABs. This program addresses the many
factors at organismal, population, community, and ecosystem
levels that determine how HAB species respond to, and
potentially alter their environment, the manner in which HAB
species affect food-web and community interactions. The
program is based on the results of a workshop co-sponsored
by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
and National Science Foundation (NSF) and currently receives
funding from several federal partners including NOAA, NSF,
the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA).
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Steely, Teresa; University of South Florida - St. Petersburg (2011). Hydrographic cruises to provide the seasonal cross-isobath and along-isobath descriptions of the physical, chemical and biological descriptors of the shelf ecosystem of the West Florida shelf to support ECOHAB, 1998-06 to 1999-12 (NODC Accession 0000539). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Cited Authors
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CHLOROPHYLL
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN OPTICS > FLUORESCENCE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN OPTICS > TURBIDITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • CTD > Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GULF OF MEXICO
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ECOHAB > Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Bloom
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Steely, Teresa; University of South Florida - St. Petersburg (2011). Hydrographic cruises to provide the seasonal cross-isobath and along-isobath descriptions of the physical, chemical and biological descriptors of the shelf ecosystem of the West Florida shelf to support ECOHAB, 1998-06 to 1999-12 (NODC Accession 0000539). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2011-01-06T04:14:18 - NCEI Accession 0000539 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • CTD
  • surface seawater intake
Platform
  • BELLOWS
  • SUN COASTER
Last Modified: 2016-11-18T14:31:42
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