ECOHAB: Doucette_G- Algicidal bacteria and the regulation of Karenia brevis blooms in the Gulf of Mexico from 1998-11-16 to 1999-09-29 (NCEI Accession 0000542)


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            title:  ECOHAB: Doucette_G- Algicidal bacteria and the regulation of Karenia brevis blooms in the Gulf of Mexico from 1998-11-16 to 1999-09-29 (NCEI Accession 0000542)
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                date:  2014-09-19
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/176 Teresa Steely
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        abstract:  Interactions between bacteria and species of harmful and/or toxic algae are potentially important factors affecting both the population dynamics and toxicity of these algae. Recent reports of bacteria lethal to certain harmful algal bloom (HAB) species, coupled with a rapidly evolving interest in attempting to minimize the adverse effects of HABs through various prevention, control, and mitigation strategies, has focused attention on defining the role of algicidal bacteria in bloom termination. The aim of the present study was to determine if algicidal bacteria active against Karenia brevis, a dinoflagellate responsible for frequent and protracted red tides in the Gulf of Mexico, are present in the waters of the west Florida shelf. To date we have detected one algicidal bacterium from samples obtained during ECOHAB-Florida cruises and we are continuing this effort. A taxon-specific 16S rRNA probe was developed for a previously isolated algicidal strain, 41-DBG2, and we have begun to screen water samples for its presence using fluorescent in-situ hybridization. In addition, we have employed denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) to characterize the diversity of the ambient microbial assemblages and to visualize the band characteristic of strain 41-DBG2. This band can then be analyzed further by excising and sequencing. Our screening results to date have yielded negative results on all but one of the field samples tested, which was positive with the rRNA probe. These largely negative findings may not be unexpected due to the marked temporal and spatial separation of the original algicidal bacterial isolation and the water samples being screened. Future efforts will focus on isolating algicidal bacteria from the same bloom event as the samples for screening are obtained, thereby increasing the likelihood of detecting algicidal strains and permitting a more effective analysis of their population dynamics.
        purpose:  This project dealing with the potential role of algicidal bacteria in regulating K. brevis bloom dynamics is a targeted ECOHAB proposal, the field portion of which is being conducted through a collaborative working relationship with the ECOHAB-Florida regional project. The present dataset reflects results from analyses of samples collected during the ECOHAB-Florida process cruises identified below. The primary use of these samples has been two-fold: first to screen water samples for the presence of a previously identified algicidal bacterium, strain 41-DBG2, using fluorescent in-situ hybridization of a taxon-specific rRNA probe as well as analysis by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE); and, second, to continue attempts at isolating and identifying algicidal bacteria indigenous to the waters of the west Florida shelf.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Steely, Teresa; US DOC/NOAA/NOS/National Center for Coastal Ocean Science > Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Biomolecular Research (2014). ECOHAB: Doucette_G- Algicidal bacteria and the regulation of Karenia brevis blooms in the Gulf of Mexico from 1998-11-16 to 1999-09-29 (NCEI Accession 0000542). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000542. Accessed [date].
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        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) biota
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
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                westBoundLongitude:  -87.23565
                eastBoundLongitude:  -81.71588
                southBoundLatitude:  25.44867
                northBoundLatitude:  30.39237
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                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1998-11-16
                    endPosition:  1999-09-29
        supplementalInformation:  ECOHAB (ECology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms) is a scientific program designed to increase understanding of the fundamental processes underlying the impacts and population dynamics of HABs. This program addresses the many factors at organismal, population, community, and ecosystem levels that determine how HAB species respond to, and potentially alter their environment, the manner in which HAB species affect food-web and community interactions. The program is based on the results of a workshop co-sponsored by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and National Science Foundation (NSF) and currently receives funding from several federal partners including NOAA, NSF, the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000542
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                    name:  Dataset Description
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/542
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/542
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  HTTPS
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
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                transferSize:
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                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0070/0000542/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0000542 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-09-19T17:19:09Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0000542 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000542/1.1
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0000542 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0000542 v1.1
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
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                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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                code:  bottle
            type:  bottle
            description:  any type of water bottle sampling device Generic name for water collection device; usually used to determine temperature, salinity and provide water aliquots for measurement of a wide range of parameters; often referred to by a specific type of water sampling bottle, such as a Nansen or Niskin bottle.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  laboratory analysis
            type:  laboratory analysis
            description:  use as an observation type