Baseline marine biological survey at Roi-Namur sewage outfall, United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, 1997 (NCEI Accession 0000630)


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            title:  Baseline marine biological survey at Roi-Namur sewage outfall, United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, 1997 (NCEI Accession 0000630)
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        abstract:  Roi-Namur is located at the northernmost tip of Kwajalein Atoll, approximately 64 kilometers north of the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) central command post on Kwajalein Islet. Roi-Namur has a single sewage outfall, which is located at the northwestern corner of the islet. Originally, the outfall extended from shore to a point about halfway across the reef flat where the pipe ended abruptly as an upturned, uncapped elbow. Raw sewage was pumped through the pipe in pulses approximately every 15-20 minutes. Waves and shallow currents across the reef flat carried at least some of the effluent back toward shore and the lagoon, creating a potentially unhealthy situation. In order to correct this problem, USAKA implemented a plan to extend the original outfall all the way across the reef flat and into the open ocean where the predominant current flow would carry effluent-mixed waters away from the islet. Ultimately, the extended outfall was to be connected to a new sewage treatment facility that would discharge primarily treated effluent. Because of a concern that this discharge might adversely impact the coral-reef community surrounding the end of the new outfall, a baseline marine biological survey was to be conducted prior to start-up of the new sewage treatment facility. As planned, the results of this survey would provide a baseline against which the results of future surveys could be compared in order to determine whether a balanced community of indigenous species had been maintained at the site during operation of the facility. If not, conversion to secondary treatment at the facility would need to be considered. The first resurvey was planned to occur one year after start-up of the new sewage treatment facility with subsequent resurveys planned for every five years thereafter. In August 1997, biologists from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) conducted the baseline marine biological survey in the vicinity of the Roi-Namur outfall. For the National Oceanographic Data Center, interest in the report focuses on the marine element. Data tables from marine surveys of reef fishes, corals, other macroinvertebrates, and algae that exist in those habitats are provided.
        purpose:  To generally characterize the coral-reef habitat within the vicinity of the outfall and document the primary species of reef fishes, corals, other macroinvertebrates, and algae that exist in those habitats.
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Kwajalein Atoll
            keyword:  Marshall Islands
            keyword:  Namur
            keyword:  tropical western Pacific
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Originator Place Names
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Foster, Kevin; US DOI/Fish and Wildlife Service > Pacific Islands Ecoregion (2010). Baseline marine biological survey at Roi-Namur sewage outfall, United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, 1997 (NCEI Accession 0000630). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000630. Accessed [date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Baseline marine biological survey at the Peacock Point outfall and other point-source discharges on Wake Atoll, Pacific Ocean in 1998-06 (NCEI Accession 0000247)
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2010-12-16
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    authority:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI
                        date: (inapplicable)
                    code:  gov.noaa.nodc:0000247
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000247
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  NCEI Accession 0000247
                            description:  Related data
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (unknown)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/295 US DOC; NOAA; NESDIS; National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  301-713-3277
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, E/OC
                            city:  SILVER SPRING
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                            postalCode:  20910
                            country:  USA
                            electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  US National Oceanographic Data Center website
                            description:  Institution web page
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) project
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  1996 Inventory of Endangered Species and Wildlife Resources on US Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands (NCEI Accession 0000251)
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2010-12-16
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    authority:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI
                        date: (inapplicable)
                    code:  gov.noaa.nodc:0000251
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000251
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  NCEI Accession 0000251
                            description:  Related data
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (unknown)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/295 US DOC; NOAA; NESDIS; National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  301-713-3277
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, E/OC
                            city:  SILVER SPRING
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                            postalCode:  20910
                            country:  USA
                            electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  US National Oceanographic Data Center website
                            description:  Institution web page
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) project
        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) biota
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  167.44
                eastBoundLongitude:  167.46
                southBoundLatitude:  9.37
                northBoundLatitude:  9.4
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1997-08-01
                    endPosition:  1997-08-31
        supplementalInformation: (missing)
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  ASCII Text
                version: (unknown)
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  WordPerfect
                version:  8
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000630
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Dataset Description
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/630
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  8.996
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/630
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  HTTPS
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  8.996
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0001/0000630/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0000630 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2010-12-17T00:10:19Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0000630 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000630/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0000630 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0000630 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  visual estimate
            type:  visual estimate
            description:  not an instrument - maybe an observation type
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SWIMMER/DIVER
            description:  SWIMMER/DIVER
            instrument: (missing)