Monthly and annual mean seawater temperature, salinity and density from 26 tide gauge sites during 1855-1993 (NCEI Accession 0000817)


 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.nodc:0000817
    language:
      LanguageCode:  eng
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        positionName:  Data Officer
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  301-713-3277
                facsimile:  301-713-3300
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                city:  Asheville
                administrativeArea:  NC
                postalCode:  28801-5001
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov
            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/
                protocol:  HTTPS
                name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information website
                description:  Main NCEI website providing links to access data and data services.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
    dateStamp:
      DateTime:  2018-04-12T21:32:42Z
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
return to top
    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Monthly and annual mean seawater temperature, salinity and density from 26 tide gauge sites during 1855-1993 (NCEI Accession 0000817)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2010-12-15
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2015-08-21
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                authority:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  NCEI Metadata WG
                    date: (inapplicable)
                code:
                  Anchor:  NCEI Dataset ID gov.noaa.nodc:0000817
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                authority:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  NCEI Archive Management System
                    date: (inapplicable)
                code:
                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number 0000817
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information website
                        description:  Main NCEI website providing links to access data and data services.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/295 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3302
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, 4th floor
                        city:  Silver Spring
                        administrativeArea:  MD
                        postalCode:  20910-3282
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information website
                        description:  Website providing links to access data and data services.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/270 George A. Maul
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1159 Florida Institute of Technology (FIT)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (321) 674-8000
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  150 WEST UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD
                        city:  MELBOURNE
                        administrativeArea:  FL
                        postalCode:  32901
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  gmaul@marine.fit.edu
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: http://www.fit.edu
                        protocol:  HTTP
                        name:  Florida Institute of Technology (FIT) website
                        description:  Institution web page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1159 Florida Institute of Technology (FIT)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (321) 674-8000
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  150 WEST UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD
                        city:  MELBOURNE
                        administrativeArea:  FL
                        postalCode:  32901
                        country:  USA
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: http://www.fit.edu
                        protocol:  HTTP
                        name:  Florida Institute of Technology (FIT) website
                        description:  Institution web page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/270 George A. Maul
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1159 Florida Institute of Technology (FIT)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (321) 674-8000
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  150 WEST UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD
                        city:  MELBOURNE
                        administrativeArea:  FL
                        postalCode:  32901
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  gmaul@marine.fit.edu
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: http://www.fit.edu
                        protocol:  HTTP
                        name:  Florida Institute of Technology (FIT) website
                        description:  Institution web page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) principalInvestigator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Andia M. Davis
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1159 Florida Institute of Technology (FIT)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (321) 674-8000
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  150 WEST UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD
                        city:  MELBOURNE
                        administrativeArea:  FL
                        postalCode:  32901
                        country:  USA
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Jeffrey W. Simmons
                organisationName:  Bahamas Department of Meteorology
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Maul, George A.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Davis, Andia M.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Simmons, Jeffrey W.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1160 US DOC; NOAA; NOS; Office of Coast Survey
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  1315 EAST-WEST HIGHWAY
                        city:  SILVER SPRING
                        administrativeArea:  MD
                        postalCode:  20910
                        country:  USA
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) contributor
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) tableDigital
        abstract:  Tidal observers at primary tide gauges of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (now the NOAA National Ocean Service) routinely measured seawater temperature and density throughout most of the 20th century with select sites well before. All available records for 26 sites have been digitized, although more paper file records may still exist for others. Students at Florida Institute of Technology provided the key entry and quality control. The purpose was to study trends in sea water temperature and density in support of increasing the scientific understanding of low-frequency changes across a wide spatial domain of the coastal United States.
        purpose:  To study trends in sea water temperature and density in support of increasing the scientific understanding of low-frequency changes across a wide spatial domain of the coastal United States.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) historicalArchive
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Information Services
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  301-713-3277
                    facsimile:  301-713-3300
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                    city:  Asheville
                    administrativeArea:  NC
                    postalCode:  28801-5001
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information website
                    description:  Main NCEI website providing links to access data and data services.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/gfx?id=gov.noaa.nodc:0000817
            fileDescription:  Preview graphic
            fileType:  PNG
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/OCS > Office of Coast Survey, National Ocean Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000817 0000817
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000817 817
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2002-11-18
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/307 SALINITY
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/500 WATER DENSITY
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/373 WATER TEMPERATURE
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/133 bucket
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/79 hydrometer
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/76 thermometer
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/14 physical
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/23 surface measurements
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/platform/details/2576 FIXED PLATFORM
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1160 US DOC; NOAA; NOS; Office of Coast Survey
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1159 Florida Institute of Technology
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/project/details/668 National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON)
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) project
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/131 Coastal Waters of Gulf of Mexico
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/54 Coastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/137 Coastal Waters of Western U.S.
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/158 North American Coastline-North
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/159 North American Coastline-South
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  oceanography
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  WMO_CategoryCode
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2012-09-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > DENSITY
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  HYDROMETERS
            keyword:  THERMOMETERS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  BUOYS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/317F/ 317F
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  SeaDataNet Ship and Platform Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GULF OF MEXICO
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Astoria, Oregon
            keyword:  Atlantic City, New Jersey
            keyword:  Baltimore, Maryland
            keyword:  Boston, Massachusettes
            keyword:  Breakwater, Deleware
            keyword:  Cedar Keys, Florida
            keyword:  Charleston, South Carolina
            keyword:  Continental United States coasts
            keyword:  Daytona Beach, Florida
            keyword:  Eastern United States coasts
            keyword:  Eastport, Maine
            keyword:  Galveston, Texas
            keyword:  Ketchikan, Alaska
            keyword:  Key West, Florida
            keyword:  Kodiak Island (Women's Bay) Alaska
            keyword:  La Jolla, California
            keyword:  Los Angeles Harbor, California
            keyword:  New York (The Battery), New York
            keyword:  Pensacola, Florida
            keyword:  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
            keyword:  Port Townsend, Washington
            keyword:  Portland, Maine
            keyword:  San Francisco, California
            keyword:  Sandy Hook, New Jersey
            keyword:  Seattle, Washington
            keyword:  Seward, Alaska
            keyword:  Sitka, Alaska
            keyword:  USA Tide Stations
            keyword:  United States Alaskan coast
            keyword:  United States Gulf coast
            keyword:  Western United States coasts
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Maul, George A.; Davis, Andia M.; Simmons, Jeffrey W. (2010). Monthly and annual mean seawater temperature, salinity and density from 26 tide gauge sites during 1855-1993 (NCEI Accession 0000817). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000817. Accessed [date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -152.52
                eastBoundLongitude:  -66.99
                southBoundLatitude:  24.9
                northBoundLatitude:  60.12
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1855-01-01
                    endPosition:  1993-12-31
        supplementalInformation:  Tidal observers at primary tide gauges of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (now the NOAA National Ocean Service) routinely measured seawater temperature and density. Many records extend back to the early part of the last century, the longest record extant being San Francisco (Carvalho and Maul, 1997). For the most part, these records have not been digitized nor analyzed for climatic signatures to our knowledge. Unfortunately, many of the 81 or so USA tidal station temperature records have missing data and/or are too short for analysis of linear trend. Modern tide gauges typically have seawater temperature sensors reporting in their data-stream, but the traditional analog systems relied on the skill of the observer to measure, record, summarize, and report temperature and density. The missing records are probably not the fault of field observers, and may well yet be discovered in misfiled reports. Herein, records that span most of the last 100 years are entered into spreadsheet files, and are made available. Most of the digitizing is the product of work-study students at Florida Tech. Quality control and quality assurance utilize standard methods including plots and visual outlier detection. All data were converted from Fahrenheit to Celsius. Data were provided as photocopies (and more recently digitized records) of the station sheets filed with each tide station folder. In most cases the data included monthly and annual mean temperatures, monthly and annual maximum and minimum temperatures, monthly and annual mean seawater density and maximum and minimum density. Almost all data in the photocopies are hand entries; monthly and annual means were mechanically calculated. Temperatures and densities from the tidal station sheets were placed into spreadsheets manually. Plots of monthly data were made to determine errors or outliers. Finally the digitized tables were compared to the photocopies to ensure accurate copying. As with meteorological stations, tide gauge stations are moved from time to time. The usual emphasis in sea level continuity is through benchmark checks by differential leveling. No such practice seems to have been emphasized with the seawater temperature or density observations, but considering the tradition of excellence within the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey since its founding by President Thomas Jefferson in 1807, it is reasonable to assume the historical information is reliable. Quantifying the standard errors associated with these monthly or annual means is problematic. The observer traditionally visited the tide gauge on a daily basis, and recorded the data by hand on summary sheets and on the marigram itself (USC&GS, 1929). Temperature and density typically are from bucket samples and thus represent true sea surface observations. Well-designed and calibrated thermometers are usually read at least to the nearest one-degree F or to the nearest 0.5 degree C, and estimating the number of observations per month to be 30, it seems reasonable to assume the monthly mean standard error is less than +/- 0.1 deg C. Observer error then is probably negligible for the purposes of determining trends. The bounding latitude/longitudes are the extremes from the 26 fixed positions for the tide gauge stations. In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
return to top
    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  Originator data format
                version: (unknown)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000817
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Dataset Description
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/817
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  9.868
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/817
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  HTTPS
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  9.868
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0001/0000817/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
return to top
    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0000817 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2010-12-15T18:41:38Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0000817 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000817/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0000817 v1.1
                                    description:  published 2010-12-15T18:41:38Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0000817 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-08-21T17:53:25Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0000817 v2.2
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0000817/2.2
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0000817 v2.2
                                    description:  published 2015-08-21T17:53:25Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
return to top
    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
return to top
    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0000817 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
return to top
    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  bucket
            type:  bucket
            description:  bucket
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  hydrometer
            type:  hydrometer
            description:  a device for measuring seawater density
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  thermometer
            type:  thermometer
            description:  generic thermometer or reversing thermometer use thermometer when temperature is a data type, but the exact instrument used to measure temperature is unknown
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  FIXED PLATFORM
            description:  FIXED PLATFORM
            instrument: (missing)