Anthropogenic and natural stresses on coral reefs in Hawaii: a multi-decade synthesis of impact and recovery from 1973 to 2002 (NCEI Accession 0001063)


 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.nodc:0001063
    language:
      LanguageCode:  eng
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        positionName:  Data Officer
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  301-713-3277
                facsimile:  301-713-3300
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                city:  Asheville
                administrativeArea:  NC
                postalCode:  28801-5001
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov
            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/
                protocol:  HTTPS
                name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information website
                description:  Main NCEI website providing links to access data and data services.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
    dateStamp:
      DateTime:  2018-11-01T15:09:47Z
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
return to top
    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Anthropogenic and natural stresses on coral reefs in Hawaii: a multi-decade synthesis of impact and recovery from 1973 to 2002 (NCEI Accession 0001063)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2011-01-24
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                authority:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  NCEI Metadata WG
                    date: (inapplicable)
                code:
                  Anchor:  NCEI Dataset ID gov.noaa.nodc:0001063
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                authority:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  NCEI Archive Management System
                    date: (inapplicable)
                code:
                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number 0001063
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information website
                        description:  Main NCEI website providing links to access data and data services.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/295 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3302
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, 4th floor
                        city:  Silver Spring
                        administrativeArea:  MD
                        postalCode:  20910-3282
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information website
                        description:  Website providing links to access data and data services.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/307 Steven J. Dollar
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/231 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        city:  Honolulu
                        administrativeArea:  HI
                        postalCode:  96822
                        country:  USA
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://manoa.hawaii.edu/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        name:  UH Mānoa website
                        description:  Institution web page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/231 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        city:  Honolulu
                        administrativeArea:  HI
                        postalCode:  96822
                        country:  USA
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://manoa.hawaii.edu/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        name:  UH Mānoa website
                        description:  Institution web page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/231 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        city:  Honolulu
                        administrativeArea:  HI
                        postalCode:  96822
                        country:  USA
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://manoa.hawaii.edu/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        name:  UH Mānoa website
                        description:  Institution web page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) contributor
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/307 Dollar, Steven J.
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/231 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        city:  Honolulu
                        administrativeArea:  HI
                        postalCode:  96822
                        country:  USA
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://manoa.hawaii.edu/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        name:  UH Mānoa website
                        description:  Institution web page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/231 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        city:  Honolulu
                        administrativeArea:  HI
                        postalCode:  96822
                        country:  USA
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://manoa.hawaii.edu/
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        name:  UH Mānoa website
                        description:  Institution web page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) tableDigital
        abstract:  In 2002, quantitative photo-transect surveys documenting coral community structure off six coastal sites in Hawaii were repeated to complete longterm data sets of 12 to 30 years duration. Study sites included areas fronting resort development, active and inactive sewage outfalls, and an area where there is no anthropogenic activity, but has been subjected to a variety of storm events. At the only site within a semi-enclosed embayment erosion from surrounding pineapple fields resulted in a decrease in living coral. Such periodic sedimentation in the Bay drives a cycle of damage and recovery that results in coral community structure different than other sheltered embayments in Hawaii. At the other five sites, located in open coastal waters, coral community structure was not adversely affected by shoreline development or discharge of treated sewage effluent. Long-term studies of pristine reefs under natural stress from episodic storms indicate that recovery along the successional continuum varies with time in the different reef zones. The results of these studies provide a framework for effective and efficient coral reef management in Hawaii. Understanding patterns of natural and maninduced stress and recovery can provide a good model for management strategies, as anthropogenic impacts are superimposed over natural stresses. Our results provide good evidence that management efforts should be concentrated in embayments and areas with restricted circulation. Because such areas comprise less than 10% of the coastal areas, it is concluded that the overall condition of coral reefs in Hawaii is good, and should remain so. While concerns of catastrophic loss from anthropogenic impact to coral reefs are valid in some areas of the world, they do not accurately depict the overall health of coral reefs in Hawaii.
        purpose:  Support coral reef man
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) historicalArchive
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Information Services
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  301-713-3277
                    facsimile:  301-713-3300
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                    city:  Asheville
                    administrativeArea:  NC
                    postalCode:  28801-5001
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information website
                    description:  Main NCEI website providing links to access data and data services.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/gfx?id=gov.noaa.nodc:0001063
            fileDescription:  Preview graphic
            fileType:  PNG
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0001063 0001063
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0001063 1063
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2003-06-18
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/94 CORAL - CENSUS
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/95 CORAL - SPECIES IDENTIFICATION
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/507 REEF AND/OR BOTTOM REGIME - PERCENT COVER
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/125 camera
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/1 benthic
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/34 survey - coral reef
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/platform/details/8943 SWIMMER/DIVER
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/231 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/231 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/project/details/467 Coral Reef Information System (CoRIS)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/project/details/302 CORAL REEF STUDIES
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) project
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/132 Coastal Waters of Hawaii
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/156 Northeast Pacific Ocean (limit-180)
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  oceanography
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  WMO_CategoryCode
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2012-09-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES > COASTAL LANDFORMS > CORAL REEFS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Percent bottom cover of all species
            keyword:  Percent coral cover of select corals
            keyword:  absolute and percent change in coral cover
            keyword:  coastal data
            keyword:  coral ecosystem
            keyword:  species abundance
            keyword:  species cover diversity
            keyword:  species number
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Originator Keywords
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  CAMERA
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33DV/ 33DV
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  SeaDataNet Ship and Platform Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Hawaii
            keyword:  Honolua, Maui
            keyword:  Keawekaheka, Hawaii
            keyword:  Mauna Lani Resort, Hawaii
            keyword:  North Pacific
            keyword:  Princeville, Kauai
            keyword:  Sand Island Outfall, Mamala Bay, Oahu
            keyword:  Sandy Beach, East Oahu Outfall
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Originator Place Names
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Dollar, Steven J.; University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (2011). Anthropogenic and natural stresses on coral reefs in Hawaii: a multi-decade synthesis of impact and recovery from 1973 to 2002 (NCEI Accession 0001063). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0001063. Accessed [date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) biota
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -155.95
                eastBoundLongitude:  -155.5
                southBoundLatitude:  19.48
                northBoundLatitude:  22.22
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1973-01-01
                    endPosition:  2002-12-31
        supplementalInformation: (missing)
return to top
    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  PDF
                version: (unknown)
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  Microsoft Excel
                version: (unknown)
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  CSV
                version: (unknown)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0001063
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Dataset Description
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/1063
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  15.94
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/1063
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  HTTPS
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  15.94
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0016/0001063/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
return to top
    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0001063 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-01-24T16:00:51Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0001063 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0001063/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0001063 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0001063 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
return to top
    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
return to top
    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
return to top
    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  camera
            type:  camera
            description:  An instrument for recording images.
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SWIMMER/DIVER
            description:  SWIMMER/DIVER
            instrument: (missing)