Meteorological and oceanographic data collected from the National Data Buoy Center Coastal-Marine Automated Network (C-MAN) stations and moored (weather) buoys during January 2004 (NCEI Accession 0001362)


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            title:  Meteorological and oceanographic data collected from the National Data Buoy Center Coastal-Marine Automated Network (C-MAN) stations and moored (weather) buoys during January 2004 (NCEI Accession 0001362)
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                date:  2010-12-17
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                date:  2017-03-14
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number 0001362
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        abstract:  This accession contains oceanographic and meteorological data collected from National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) Coastal-Marine Automated Network (C-MAN) Stations and moored (weather) buoys. Data are in both NODC F291 and netCDF formats. C-MAN station and moored buoy data typically include barometric pressure, wind direction, speed and gust, and air temperature; however, some C-MAN stations are equipped to also measure seawater temperature, water level, waves, and relative humidity. Moored buoys measure wave energy spectra from which NDBC derives significant wave height, dominant wave period, and average wave period. In addition, many moored buoys measure the direction of wave propagation. NDBC established the C-MAN for the National Weather Service in the early 1980's. NDBC has installed approximately 50 C-MAN stations on lighthouses, at capes and beaches, on near shore islands, and on offshore platforms. NDBC has deployed over 100 moored (a.k.a., weather) buoys in coastal and offshore waters from the western Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean around Hawaii, and from the Bering Sea to the South Pacific.
        purpose:  The purpose of collecting this data set is to respond to the need for recorded continuous meteorological and oceanographic observations in the US coastal areas.
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN WAVES
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN WAVES > WAVE PERIOD
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            keyword:  CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GREAT LAKES
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            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN > BERING SEA
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                title:  A field evaluation of NDBC Moored Buoy Winds
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  1987
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    code: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1987)004<0094:AFEONM>2.0.CO;2
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                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1987)004%3C0094:AFEONM%3E2.0.CO;2
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                            name:  A field evaluation of NDBC Moored Buoy Winds
                            description:  Gilhousen, D.B., "A field evaluation of NDBC Moored Buoy Winds". Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.4 (1987): 94-104. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1987)004%3C0094:AFEONM%3E2.0.CO;2
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                    individualName:  Gilhousen, D. B.
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                            deliveryPoint:  1007 BALCH BOULEVARD
                            city:  STENNIS SPACE CENTER
                            administrativeArea:  MS
                            postalCode:  39529-6000
                            country:  USA
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                    name:  Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
                    issueIdentification:  Volume 4
                otherCitationDetails:  pp 94-104
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                title:  Field evaluation of NDBC directional wave data
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                    date:  1989
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                            name:  Field evaluation of NDBC directional wave data
                            description:  Gilhousen, D. B. "Field evaluation of NDBC directional wave data". Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting, Vancouver, BC, issue 1-10 (1989)
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                    individualName:  Gilhousen, D. B.
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                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/289 US DOC; NOAA; NWS; National Data Buoy Center (NDBC)
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                            deliveryPoint:  1007 BALCH BOULEVARD
                            city:  STENNIS SPACE CENTER
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                            postalCode:  39529-6000
                            country:  USA
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
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                    organisationName:  Environment Canada
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                            city:  Vancouver
                            administrativeArea:  BC
                            country:  CAN
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                    name:  Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting
                    issueIdentification:  1-10
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                title:  Are Moored Buoy Winds Too Low in High Seas?
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2000-08-29
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0070493/data/0-data/hervey_index/index.html
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                            name:  Are Moored Buoy Winds Too Low in High Seas?
                            description:  Hervey, R. "Are Moored Buoy Winds Too Low in High Seas?". Western Region Technical Attachment, No. 00-10 (2000)
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                    individualName:  Hervey, R
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                            postalCode:  39529-6000
                            country:  USA
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                            city:  Stennis Space Center
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                title:  Theory and Application of Calibration Techniques for an NDBC DirectionalWave Measurements Buoy
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                    date:  1985-10
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                    code: https://doi.org/10.1109/JOE.1985.1145116
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                            name:  Theory and Application of Calibration Techniques for an NDBC DirectionalWave Measurements Buoy
                            description:  Steele, K.E., J.C. Lau, Y.H.L, Hsu. "Theory and application of calibration techniques for an NDBC directional wave measurements buoy." IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, vol. 10, no. 4 (1985): 382-396. https://doi.org/10.1109/JOE.1985.1145116
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                    individualName:  J.C. Lau
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                    individualName:  Y.H.L. Hsu
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                            city:  Washington
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                    name:  Journal of Oceanic Engineering
                    issueIdentification:  Volume 10; Issue 4
                otherCitationDetails:  382-396
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                title:  A study of the differences between environmental reports by ships in the voluntary observing program and measurements from NOAA buoys
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                    date:  1990
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    code: https://doi.org/10.1029/JC095iC03p03373
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                            name:  A study of the differences between environmental reports by ships in the voluntary observing program and measurements from NOAA buoys
                            description:  Wilkerson, J.C., M.D. Earle. "A Study of Differences between Environmental Reports by Ships in the Voluntary Observing Program and Measurements from NOAA Buoys." Journal of Geophysical Research 95.C3 (1990): 3373-3385. https://doi.org/10.1029/JC095iC03p03373
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                    individualName:  Wilkerson, J.C.
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                    individualName:  M.D. Earle
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                    organisationName:  American Geophysical Union
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                            administrativeArea:  DC
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                    issueIdentification:  95
                otherCitationDetails:  pp. 3373-3385
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                title:  Documentation for National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) Coastal-Marine Automated Network (C-MAN) and moored (weather) buoy data archived at NODC (NCEI Accession 0070493)
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0070493
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                            name:  NCEI Accession 0070493
                            description:  Documentation for National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) Coastal-Marine Automated Network (C-MAN) and moored (weather) buoy data archived at NODC (NCEI Accession 0070493)
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                    individualName:  Hervey, Rex V.
                    organisationName:  US DOC; NOAA; NWS; National Data Buoy Center (NDBC)
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                    organisationName:  US DOC/NOAA/NWS > National Data Buoy Center
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                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 US DOC; NOAA; NESDIS; National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
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                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                            city:  Asheville
                            administrativeArea:  NC
                            postalCode:  28801-5001
                            country:  USA
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
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                title:  File format description for meteorology, oceanography, and wave spectra data from buoys (National Oceanographic Data Center F291 format)
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2016-11-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0070493/data/0-data/F291_format.html
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                            name:  NODC F291 file format
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                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 US DOC; NOAA; NESDIS; National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                            city:  Asheville
                            administrativeArea:  NC
                            postalCode:  28801-5001
                            country:  USA
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) userGuide
        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
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                    beginPosition:  2004-01-01
                    endPosition:  2004-01-31
        supplementalInformation:  Documents about NDBC's processing of C-MAN and moored buoy data and other related information are in NODC accession 0070493 (see https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0070493). In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  netCDF
                version:  netCDF-4 Classic
                specification:  NetCDF Climate and Forecast (CF) Metadata Convention
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                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
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                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Dataset Description
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                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
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                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                transferSize:
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                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
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                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
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                transferSize:
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                    applicationProfile:  Web browsers can browse THREDDS Data Servers and specialized THREDDS software can enable more sophisticated data access and visualizations.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/1362
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  HTTPS
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  220.264
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0001/0001362/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0001362 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2010-12-17T02:55:11Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0001362 v1.1
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0001362 v1.1
                                    description:  published 2010-12-17T02:55:11Z
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            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0001362 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-03-14T03:45:45Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0001362 v2.2
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0001362/2.2
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0001362 v2.2
                                    description:  published 2017-03-14T03:45:45Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0001362 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ADCP
            type:  ADCP
            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  barometers
            type:  barometers
            description:  Barometers are instruments for measuring atmospheric pressure; two types include mercury barometers and aneroid barometers.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  CTD
            type:  CTD
            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  meteorological sensors
            type:  meteorological sensors
            description:  meteorological sensors
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  thermistor
            type:  thermistor
            description:  electronic temperature sensor thermally sensitive resistor
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  FIXED PLATFORM
            description:  FIXED PLATFORM
            instrument: (missing)