A survey of the marine biota of the island of Lanai, Hawaii, to determine the presence and impact of marine non-indigenous and cryptogenic species, February - March 2005 (NCEI Accession 0002650)


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            title:  A survey of the marine biota of the island of Lanai, Hawaii, to determine the presence and impact of marine non-indigenous and cryptogenic species, February - March 2005 (NCEI Accession 0002650)
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        abstract:  A baseline survey of the marine biota of the island of Lanai was conducted in May 2005. This was first comprehensive study that has been made on this island for all components of its marine nearshore community. Samples and observations were taken at seven sites around the island, and all macroalgae, macroinvertebrates and fish species collected or observed were recorded. On-site observations without collections were made at two other sites. Identified species were designated as native, nonindigenous (introduced) or cryptogenic (neither demonstrably native nor introduced) according to criteria used for previous introduced species surveys in Hawaii. A total of 294 taxa were observed or identified from collected specimens, which included 16 introduced or cryptogenic species and three new reports for the Hawaiian Islands. The 16 introduced and cryptogenic species comprised 5.4% of the total identified taxa and included seven cnidarians, one polychaete, two pericards, one decapod, one bryozoan, two ascidians and three fish. By station, the introduced/cryptogenic component ranged 3 to 7 species and 3.8% to 6.8% of the total biota. The stations included two sites at or near Kaumalapau Harbor, Lanai's principal harbor for inter-island shipping. The percent component values are similar to those that have been determined on ocean-exposed reef areas elsewhere in the Hawaiian Islands but the harbor value is well below the values in other Hawaiian harbors that are more isolated from open ocean circulation than Kaumalapau Harbor. No invasive introduced algae and only two invasive introduced invertebrates were found on the surveys. These were a single colony of the octocoral Carijoa riisei in the vicinity of Cathedrals between Manele Bay and Harbor, and a single stomatopod Gonodactylaceous falcatus at the site closest to Manele Harbor.
        purpose:  Presence and impact of marine nonindigenous and cryptogenic species on Lanai
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > ARTHROPODS > CRUSTACEANS
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > MOLLUSKS
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > MOLLUSKS > BIVALVES
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > FISH
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > MACROALGAE (SEAWEEDS)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES > COASTAL LANDFORMS > CORAL REEFS
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            keyword:  Biological survey
            keyword:  algae species
            keyword:  coastal studies
            keyword:  coral reef
            keyword:  coral species
            keyword:  marine organisms
            keyword:  nonindigenous and crytogenic marine taxa
            keyword:  reef fish species
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
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            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Lanai Island > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
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            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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            keyword:  Hawaiian Islands
            keyword:  Kalaeahole
            keyword:  Kamala Bay
            keyword:  Kaumalapau Harbor
            keyword:  Lanai
            keyword:  Manele Bay
            keyword:  North Pacific Ocean
            keyword:  Shipwreck Reef
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                title:  Originator Place Names
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Coles, Steven L.; Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum (2016). A survey of the marine biota of the island of Lanai, Hawaii, to determine the presence and impact of marine non-indigenous and cryptogenic species, February - March 2005 (NCEI Accession 0002650). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0002650. Accessed [date].
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                    beginPosition:  2005-02-28
                    endPosition:  2005-03-04
        supplementalInformation:  Final report is also included as individual .png files. Included report is fully illustrated and also in .pdf format.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0002650 v1.1 was published.
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                  DateTime:  2016-06-01T13:22:10Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0002650 v1.1
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