Ocean currents measured by Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (SADCP) from global oceans as part of the Joint Archive (JASADCP) 1993-11 to 2005-10 (NCEI Accession 0002679)


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            title:  Ocean currents measured by Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (SADCP) from global oceans as part of the Joint Archive (JASADCP) 1993-11 to 2005-10 (NCEI Accession 0002679)
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                date:  2011-01-16
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        abstract:  This NCEI accession contains cruises within 1993-11-06 to 2005-10-11, which were received, reviewed, and prepared for archival at the Joint Archive (JA) for Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (SADCP) within 2005-01 to 2006-05. Only data sets that have passed quality control and calibration stages, thus science-ready, are included in the JASADCP. The JASADCP is a collaboration of NOAA and the E.Firing ADCP Laboratory at the University of Hawaii. The data have been contributed by both US and international organizations. This accession is a granule within the NCEI JASADCP collection. Absolute U- and V-component ocean current vectors from SADCP, as both a high frequency sampling (nominally 5 minutes with 8 m depth bins) and an averaged subset (hourly time and 10 m depth means), are provided for the global oceans. The depth range was typically from 20 to 300 m prior to the late 1990s when penetration extended to over 1 km. The high frequency samples along with ancillary parameters are provided in the Common Oceanographic Data Access System (CODAS) binary format, from which long- and short-form NetCDF files are made. The long form holds an exact dump of the CODAS set. The short form gives currents in Earth coordinates and select ancillary parameters. The standard (averaged hourly/10m depth bins) subset is stored in ASCII and NetCDF.
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/107 South Pacific Ocean
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/170 Southern Ocean
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/112 Tasman Sea
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS
                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:  oceanography
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                    date:  2012-09-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > OCEAN CURRENTS
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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            keyword:  ADCP > Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
            keyword:  GPS RECEIVERS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
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                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            administrativeArea:  MD
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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            keyword:  SHIPS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
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                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/3206/ 3206
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/32NM/ 32NM
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/32OD/ 32OD
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/32WC/ 32WC
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33KB/ 33KB
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33KI/ 33KI
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33KM/ 33KM
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33LG/ 33LG
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33RO/ 33RO
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33RR/ 33RR
            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/49NZ/ 49NZ
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  SeaDataNet Ship and Platform Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
            keyword:  OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > BEAUFORT SEA
            keyword:  OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > CHUKCHI SEA
            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA
            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
            keyword:  OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN > BERING SEA
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            keyword:  OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Caldwell, Patrick; US DOC/NOAA/NESDIS > National Oceanographic Data Center (2011). Ocean currents measured by Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (SADCP) from global oceans as part of the Joint Archive (JASADCP) 1993-11 to 2005-10 (NCEI Accession 0002679). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0002679. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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                title:  Ocean currents measured by Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (SADCP) from global oceans as part of the Joint Archive (JASADCP) 1985-06 to 2016-11
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                    date:  2010-12-16
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    code:  gov.noaa.nodc:NCEI-UH-JASADCP
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/NCEI-UH-JASADCP
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                            description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
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        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -180
                eastBoundLongitude:  180
                southBoundLatitude:  -78.59
                northBoundLatitude:  74.4
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1993-11-06
                    endPosition:  2005-10-11
        supplementalInformation:  In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0002679
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
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            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0002679 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-01-16T17:51:28Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0002679 v1.1
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0002679/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0002679 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0002679 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0002679 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-02-16T22:58:23Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0002679 v2.2
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0002679/2.2
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0002679 v2.2
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0002679 v2.2
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
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                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0002679 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ADCP
            type:  ADCP
            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  GPS
            type:  GPS
            description:  Global Positioning System receiver satellite-based instrument used for geo-location, positioning and navigation
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  KA'IMIKAI-O-KANALOA
            description:  UNIV. OF HAWAII
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  KILO MOANA
            description:  R/V; AGOR 26; Univ. of Hawaii; commissioned 2002; active July 2007
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  LAURENCE M. GOULD
            description:  Flag: United States of America Vessel Type: Research Vessel; Ice Breaker DOB: Dec 1997 IMO: 9137337 The RV Laurence M. Gould is an icebreaker used by researchers from the United States' National Science Foundation for research in the Southern Ocean. The vessel is named after Laurence McKinley Gould a widely recognized American scientist, who had explored both the Arctic and Antarctic. She was built in Louisiana to replace the RV Polar Duke.
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  MIRAI
            description:  R/V, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC); built 1972 as Mutsu; renamed on 2 Dec 1996; active as Mar 2007;
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NEW HORIZON
            description:  Flag: United States Type: Research Vessel IMO: 7723821 Operator: Scripps DOB: 1978-09
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA Ship Ka'imimoana
            description:  Title: NOAA Ship Flag: United States of America Vessel Type: Research Vessel (Climatological, Oceanographic); Ice Strengthened DOB: Mar 1989 IMO: 8835231 Former Name: Titan (1996) Commissioned by NOAA: April 25, 1996
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown
            description:  Updated information from ICES for UNITED STATES platform Ronald H. Brown Flag : UNITED STATES - US (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : WTEC Title : NOAA Ship Platform Class : Research vessel IMO : 9105786 Pennant : R 104 Commissioned Date : 1997-07-19 Current Length : 83.5 Built : 1997 Information Source : http://www.moc.noaa.gov/rb/index.html (URL) Lloyds URL : http://www.seasearcher.com/lmiu/vessels/overview.htm?vesselID=277516 *General Comments:* Name RESEARCHER II planned during build was never used.
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  OLEANDER
            description:  Flag: Netherlands Antilles Vessel Type: Container Ship IMO: 8901406 MMSI: 306023000 DOB: 199010 callsign changed from PJJU to V7SX3 Source: http://www.vesseltracker.com/en/Ships/Oleander-I62151.html Type of ship: Cargo Ship IMO Number: 8901406 Flag: Marshall Islands MMSI Number: 538003740 Length: 118.0m Callsign: V7SX3 Beam: 20.0m
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  R/V Roger Revelle
            description:  Flag: United States Type: Research Vessel IMO: 9075228 Company: Scripps Institution of Oceanography DOB: 1996-06 https://scripps.ucsd.edu/ships/revelle
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  RV Nathaniel B. Palmer
            description:  Updated information from ICES for the vessel NATHANIEL B. PALMER from UNITED STATES. Use 3206 for all data attributed to the vessel NATHANIEL B. PALMER from UNITED STATES. This platform has a current Call Sign = WPB3210 and two previous call signs, related to owner/company name changes since 1992. Previous call signs for NATHANIEL B. PALMER are: KUS1475 (1992 - ca. 1996) WCE9345 (ca. 1996 - mid-2006) WBP3210 (mid-2006 to present) Name : NATHANIEL B. PALMER Flag : UNITED STATES - US (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : WBP3210 Title : RV Platform Class : 31 Research vessel IMO : 9007257 Commissioned Date : 1992 Current Length : 86 Built : 1992-03 Notes : Data also found under previous call sign KUS1475 Lloyds URL : http://www.seasearcher.com/lmiu/vessels/overview.htm?vesselID=241527 Confirmed by NOAA on 2013-11-19.
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  WECOMA
            description:  R/V WECOMA is owned by the National Science Foundation and operated under a Cooperative Agreement by Oregon State University, College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences.
            instrument: (missing)