Coral species identification and occurrences from sites at Mandano and Wakatobi, Sulawesi, Indonesia and Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia, March-May, 2002 (NODC Accession 0039738)

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These data are coral species and occurrences data from Pacific reef areas (crest, flat, and slope) collected at sites in Manado, northern Sulawesi, Indonesia (app. 1.529664 N, 124.842682 E), Wakatobi, southern Sulawesi, Indonesia (app. -5.314552 S, 123.594017 E), and Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia (app. -16.83333 S -151.416667 W). Original data are in spreadsheet format.
  • Cite as: Karlson, Ronald H.; University of Delaware > Department of Biological Sciences (2012). Coral species identification and occurrences from sites at Mandano and Wakatobi, Sulawesi, Indonesia and Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia, March-May, 2002 (NODC Accession 0039738). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0039738
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  • Originator data format
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2002-03-13 to 2002-05-24
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 1.529664
S: -16.83333
E: -151.41667
W: 123.594017
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2012-12-11
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
SAMPLING SUPPORTED BY NSF OCE#0095108 (6/1/01-4/30/05)
Howard V. Cornell, PI, University of Delaware
Ronald H. Karlson, Co-PI, University of Delaware
US-AUSTRALIA COOPERATIVE RESEARCH
Terence P. Hughes, Partner Investigator, James Cook University

Stations in these data are not georeferenced.

Abstract for Award Abstract #0095108
Regional and Local Influences on Species Richness in Coral Communities Across a Pacific Diversity Gradient

Species richness in coral communities has traditionally been explained in terms of processes operating within the local community over relatively short periods of time. Recent studies of other assemblages have made it clear that communities can be organized by a variety of processes operating at different spatial and temporal scales. Since coral communities are imbedded in larger geographic regions, regional/historical phenomena and local processes may jointly influence local richness and should be analyzed simultaneously. This study will sample corals in six island groups along a gradient of increasing regional species richness across the Pacific Ocean and in three different habitats at local sites to quantitatively evaluate the relative influence of regional and local processes on local richness. The Pacific Ocean gradient is the best possible choice for this test because of the large unequivocal trend in regional richness. Traveling from west to east, regional richness drops from over 450 species in the Philippines and Indonesia to fewer than 100 species in eastern French Polynesia. A hierarchical sampling design will be employed to measure variation in species richness, composition, and relative abundance at four spatial scales spanning 5-6 orders of magnitude (among replicate samples at a site, among sites on an island, among islands in a region, among regions). Data will be collected on species presence and relative abundance as well as on habitat breadth and depth range of selected species. This information will be used to test the effects of the increasing regional pool on local richness, evenness, habitat compression and habitat overlap at different scales. Percent cover of colonizable substrate will also be quantified and used to test the effects of the "openness" of local assemblages on their sensitivity to regional influences. The hierarchical design will provide a powerful framework for quantifying the proportion of total variation among samples that is attributable to each spatial scale and thus will permit a rigorous estimate of scale-dependency in patterns of diversity and abundance. This synthesis of regional and local perspectives will have relevance not only for basic studies of community ecology but also for applied problems associated with species extinctions, habitat loss and fragmentation, and ecological restoration.
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
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Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Karlson, Ronald H.; University of Delaware > Department of Biological Sciences (2012). Coral species identification and occurrences from sites at Mandano and Wakatobi, Sulawesi, Indonesia and Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia, March-May, 2002 (NODC Accession 0039738). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Cited Authors
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Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION
  • EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES > COASTAL LANDFORMS > CORAL REEFS
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Karlson, Ronald H.; University of Delaware > Department of Biological Sciences (2012). Coral species identification and occurrences from sites at Mandano and Wakatobi, Sulawesi, Indonesia and Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia, March-May, 2002 (NODC Accession 0039738). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2012-12-11T15:31:06 - NCEI Accession 0039738 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • swimmer/diver
Last Modified: 2017-06-16T20:31:05
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