OC404L04: WHOI cruise 404 leg 04 aboard the R/V Oceanus from 2004-07-17 - 2004-08-16 (NCEI Accession 0050982)


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            title:  OC404L04: WHOI cruise 404 leg 04 aboard the R/V Oceanus from 2004-07-17 - 2004-08-16 (NCEI Accession 0050982)
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                date:  2011-01-09
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        abstract:  Post-cruise download of raw data from shipboard computer(s) as furnished by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Shipboard Scientific Support Group and archived by the Marine Biological Laboratory Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Library for the R/V Oceanus - Cruise 404 Leg 04. These data are part of a collection of ocean observation data from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution ships OCEANUS (call sign WXAQ; built 1975.00; IMO 7603617), KNORR (call sign KCEJ; built 1970.00; IMO 7738618), and the ATLANTIS (call sign KAQP; built 1997.03; IMO 9105798). The data sets are the downloads of the shipboard computers after an individual cruise. As such, they contain basic raw and processed physical and meteorological data from the cruise. A data set may include XBT, CTD, and XCTD profiles, underway thermosalinograph and atmospheric measurements, gravity and magnetic field measurements, current measurements from ADCP, and still photographs from the Alvin submersible (Atlantis cruises only). Other data types (ROV, nutrients measured from bottle samples, etc.) and photographs documenting the cruise may be included.
        purpose:  These data are the result of an effort to obtain all available Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) cruise data sets since 1998 and make them publicly available through NODC.
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR INDICATORS > HUMIDITY > RELATIVE HUMIDITY
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS > WIND DIRECTION
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS > WIND SPEED
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CHLOROPHYLL
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > WATER PRESSURE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
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            keyword:  ADCP > Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
            keyword:  CONDUCTIVITY METERS
            keyword:  CTD > Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
            keyword:  ECHO SOUNDERS
            keyword:  FLUOROMETERS
            keyword:  MOCNESS > MOCNESS Plankton Net
            keyword:  OXYGEN METERS
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            keyword:  XBT > Expendable Bathythermographs
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            keyword:  SHIPS
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              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/32OC/ 32OC
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                title:  SeaDataNet Ship and Platform Codes
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            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Rioux, Margaret A.; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (2011). OC404L04: WHOI cruise 404 leg 04 aboard the R/V Oceanus from 2004-07-17 - 2004-08-16 (NCEI Accession 0050982). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0050982. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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                title:  Ocean observation data from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution ships Oceanus, Knorr, and Atlantis, in world-wide oceans from 1993-06-26 to 2011-08-05
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                    date:  2010-11-22
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        supplementalInformation:  From Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Research Cruise Database: Departed: St. George's, Bermuda on 7/25/2004 Arrived: St. George's, Bermuda on 8/11/2004 Chief Scientist(s): Dennis McGillicuddy, WHOI Operations Area: Sargasso Sea Science Activities: CTD casts, VPR tows, SPMR deployments
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0050982 v1.1 was published.
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                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ADCP
            type:  ADCP
            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
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                code:  bathythermograph - XBT
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                code:  conductivity sensor
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            description:  OMEGA non-contact conductivity sensor CDCN-108 or Honeywell DirectLine DL423 Sensor Module, for example Water conductivity sensors are used to measure how well a solution conducts an electrical current.
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                code:  CTD
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            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
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                code:  echo sounder
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            description:  instrument used to determine water depth or bathymetry
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  fluorometer
            type:  fluorometer
            description:  fluorometer
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  meteorological sensors
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                code:  Multiple Opening/Closing Net and Environmental Sensing System (MOCNESS)
            type:  Multiple Opening/Closing Net and Environmental Sensing System (MOCNESS)
            description:  MOCNESS is a much-improved, high-tech version of the humble sampling net. The letters in MOCNESS refer to the specific improvements: it's a Multiple Opening and Closing Net, with an Environmental Sensing System. As MOCNESS tows behind a research ship, each net can be opened and shut independently so that it samples a discrete patch of water. The researcher chooses exactly when by using the environmental sensing system. This is an array of sensors mounted on the instrument frame that relays water conditions up to the ship in real time. The data also help researchers match what they find in their sample to the physical properties of the seawater.
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  oxygen meter
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        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  pressure gauge
            type:  pressure gauge
            description:  pressure gauge pressure gauge used to measure water pressure for use in NODC File Alias F017
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  temperature probe
            type:  temperature probe
            description:  OMEGA twemperature probe PR-11-2-100-1/8-6-e
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  thermosalinographs
            type:  thermosalinographs
            description:  The SBE 45 MicroTSG Thermosalinograph is an externally powered, high-accuracy instrument, designed for shipboard determination of sea surface (pumped-water) conductivity and temperature. Salinity and sound velocity can also be computed. The MicroTSG is constructed of plastic and titanium to ensure long life with minimum maintenance.
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  transmissometer
            type:  transmissometer
            description:  transmissometer Instrument used to measure transmissivity in NODC File Alias F022.
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                code:  OCEANUS
            description:  Flag: United States of America Vessel Type: Research Vessel DOB: 1975 IMO: 7603617 MMSI: 367977000
            instrument: (missing)