Oceanographic Data collected during the Lophelia II 2009: Deepwater Program: Exploration and Research of Northern Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Natural and Artificial Hard Bottom Habitats with Emphasis on Coral Communities: Reefs, Rigs and Wrecks on NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown between 2009-08-19 to 2009-09-12 (NCEI Accession 0081782)


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            title:  Oceanographic Data collected during the Lophelia II 2009: Deepwater Program: Exploration and Research of Northern Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Natural and Artificial Hard Bottom Habitats with Emphasis on Coral Communities: Reefs, Rigs and Wrecks on NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown between 2009-08-19 to 2009-09-12 (NCEI Accession 0081782)
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        abstract:  This cruise used the remotely operated vehicle (ROV) Jason II to: explore 4-6 new sites for the occurrence of deep water coral reefs; made collections of Lophelia and other corals for genetic and physiological studies, made collections of communities associated with Lophelia and other corals for ecological studies; collected quantitative digital imagery for characterization of sites and coral communities; collect spatially explicit physical near bottom oceanographic data; deploy cameras and microbial arrays; reposition larval traps and current meters; collected push cores; and conducted a series of linked archeological/ biological investigations on deep water shipwrecks.
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  SHIPS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
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              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/33RO/ 33RO
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  SeaDataNet Ship and Platform Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GULF OF MEXICO
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: US DOC/NOAA/OAR > Office of Ocean Exploration and Research (2013). Oceanographic Data collected during the Lophelia II 2009: Deepwater Program: Exploration and Research of Northern Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Natural and Artificial Hard Bottom Habitats with Emphasis on Coral Communities: Reefs, Rigs and Wrecks on NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown between 2009-08-19 to 2009-09-12 (NCEI Accession 0081782). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0081782. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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                title:  NOAA Ocean Explorer: Lophelia II: Deepwater Coral Expeditions: Reefs, Rigs and Wrecks
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2009
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/09lophelia/welcome.html
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                            name:  Expedition Website
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                    date:  2009
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                    positionName: (unknown)
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                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?op_0=l&v_0=NEW1345&t=101378&s=8&d=70&d=75&d=76&d=74&d=73&d=72&d=81&d=82&d=85&d=86&d=79&no_data=suppress
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                title:  Collection of Documents, Images, and Video Highlights
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                    date:  2009
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                    positionName: (unknown)
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                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://noaa.sirsi.net/uhtbin/cgisirsi/x/x/0/5/?searchdata1=ocn730524547
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                            name:  NOAA Central Library Cruise Catalog
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                            linkage: https://service.ncddc.noaa.gov/rdn/oer-waf/FGDC/2009/Lophelia2009_Cruise_Level.html
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                    beginPosition:  2009-08-19
                    endPosition:  2009-09-12
        supplementalInformation:  The NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research sponsored the collection of these data. Lophelia II 2009 Exploration produced the following data: Multibeam Bathymetric Data, Ship Navigation Data (Gyro and GPS), Ship Sensor Data (CTD, Wind, Barometer, Fluorometer, Rain, Winch, Speed), and Submersible Sensor Data (ADCP and CTD).
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0081782
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/81782
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/81782
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                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0054/0081782/
                    protocol:  FTP
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                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0081782 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-04-13T00:39:39Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0081782 v1.1
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                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0081782/1.1
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0081782 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0081782 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
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                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ADCP
            type:  ADCP
            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  barometers
            type:  barometers
            description:  Barometers are instruments for measuring atmospheric pressure; two types include mercury barometers and aneroid barometers.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  compass
            type:  compass
            description:  magnetic compass instrument used for geo-location, positioning and navigation
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  CTD
            type:  CTD
            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  fluorometer
            type:  fluorometer
            description:  fluorometer
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  GPS
            type:  GPS
            description:  Global Positioning System receiver satellite-based instrument used for geo-location, positioning and navigation
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  gyrocompass
            type:  gyrocompass
            description:  gyrocompass
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Humidity Sensor
            type:  Humidity Sensor
            description:  HUMIDITY SENSORS are devices that receive a signal or stimulus (as heat or pressure or light or motion etc.) and responds to it, in this case humidity or some measure of the water vapor content of air.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  meteorological sensors
            type:  meteorological sensors
            description:  meteorological sensors
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  sound velocimeter
            type:  sound velocimeter
            description:  an electronic device for measuring sound speed in water http://www.neigps.com
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Temperature Sensors
            type:  Temperature Sensors
            description:  A meteorological sensor used to measure temperature.
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown
            description:  Updated information from ICES for UNITED STATES platform Ronald H. Brown Flag : UNITED STATES - US (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : WTEC Title : NOAA Ship Platform Class : Research vessel IMO : 9105786 Pennant : R 104 Commissioned Date : 1997-07-19 Current Length : 83.5 Built : 1997 Information Source : http://www.moc.noaa.gov/rb/index.html (URL) Lloyds URL : http://www.seasearcher.com/lmiu/vessels/overview.htm?vesselID=277516 *General Comments:* Name RESEARCHER II planned during build was never used.
            instrument: (missing)