High-resolution ocean and atmosphere pCO2 time-series measurements from mooring LaPush_125W_48N in the Pacific Ocean (NCEI Accession 0100072)


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            title:  High-resolution ocean and atmosphere pCO2 time-series measurements from mooring LaPush_125W_48N in the Pacific Ocean (NCEI Accession 0100072)
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                date:  2012-12-07
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                  Anchor:  DOI 10.3334/cdiac/otg.tsm_lapush_125w_48n
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        abstract:  NODC Accession 0100072 includes chemical, physical and time series data collected from Mooring LaPush_125W_48N in the North Pacific Ocean from 2010-07-16 to 2016-12-09. These data include air-sea difference of partial pressure carbon dioxide, oxygen, partial pressure of carbon dioxide - atmosphere, partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water, salinity and sea surface temperature. The instruments used to collect these data include bubble type equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide measurement and carbon dioxide gas analyzer. These data were collected by Adrienne Sutton, Christopher Sabine, Sylvia Musielewicz and Stacy Maenner of US DOC; NOAA; OAR; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, and Jan Newton and John Mickett of University of Washington; Applied Physics Laboratory. The Global CO2 Time-series and Moorings Project involves international groups from 18 countries who have mounted sensors on moored buoys to provide high resolution time-series measurements of atmospheric boundary layer and surface ocean CO2 partial pressure. The CO2 Time-series and Moorings Project is coordinated by UNESCO International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP).
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
        credit:  Funding Information: NOAA
        credit:  Funding Information: NOAA Climate Program
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/69 AIR-SEA DIFFERENCE - PARTIAL PRESSURE (OR FUGACITY) OF CARBON DIOXIDE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/307 SALINITY
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/319 SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/191 Bubble type equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/183 Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
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            keyword:  Licor_Temp
            keyword:  MAPCO2 % O2
            keyword:  MAPCO2 %O2
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            keyword:  dfCO2
            keyword:  dpCO2
            keyword:  fCO2 Air (sat)
            keyword:  fCO2 Air (sat) uatm
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            keyword:  fCO2 SW (sat) uatm
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            keyword:  pCO2 Air (wet)
            keyword:  pCO2 SW (sat) uatm
            keyword:  pCO2 SW (wet)
            keyword:  pH (total scale)
            keyword:  pH QF
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            keyword:  xCO2 Air (dry)
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            keyword:  xCO2 SW (dry) (umol/mol)
            keyword:  xCO2 SW (wet)
            keyword:  xCO2 SW (wet) (umol/mol)
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            keyword:  xCO2_Air_wet
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            keyword:  CO2 Air QF
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            keyword:  Delta fCO2 (fCO2 SW - fCO2 Air)
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            keyword:  SS Salinity
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            keyword:  pCO2 Air (wet)
            keyword:  pCO2 SW (wet)
            keyword:  pH QF
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            keyword:  xCO2 Air (dry)
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            keyword:  CO2 ANALYZERS
            keyword:  EQUILIBRATORS
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            keyword:  Cha Ba, Chaba
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            keyword:  Pacific Ocean
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                title:  High-resolution ocean and atmosphere pCO2 time-series measurements from mooring LaPush_125W_48N.
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                    date:  2011
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                    code:  Mooring LaPush_125W_48N_Jul2010_Oct2010
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                            description:  Mooring LaPush_125W_48N_Jul2010_Oct2010, Mooring_LaPush_125W_48N_Apr2013_Sep2013, Mooring_LaPush_125W_48N_Jun2014_Oct2014, Mooring_LaPush_125W_48N_May2011_Oct2011, Mooring_LaPush_125W_48N_May2012_Jan2013, Mooring_LaPush_125W_48N_May2015_Nov2015, Mooring_LaPush_125W_48N_Oct2013_Apr2014
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                    individualName:  Sutton, A., C. Sabine, J. Newton, J. Mickett, S. Musielewicz, S. Maenner, C. Dietrich, R. Bott, and J. Osborne
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                title:  Sabine, C. 2005. High-resolution ocean and atmosphere pCO2 time-series measurements. The State of the Ocean and the Ocean Observing System for Climate, Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2004, NOAA/OGP/Office of Climate Observation, Section 3.32a:246-253.
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                    beginPosition:  2010-07-16
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        supplementalInformation:  In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
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                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Ocean Carbon Data System (OCADS)
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://doi.org/10.3334/cdiac/otg.tsm_lapush_125w_48n
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Dataset Description
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/100072
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  2.416
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/100072
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  HTTPS
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  2.416
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0051/0100072/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2012-12-07T19:16:16Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0100072/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-03-26T20:27:07Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v2.2
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0100072/2.2
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v2.2
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v2.2
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 was revised and v3.3 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-05-23T16:25:17Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v3.3
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0100072/3.3
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v3.3
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v3.3
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 was revised and v4.4 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-06-05T19:33:07Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v4.4
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0100072/4.4
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v4.4
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v4.4
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 was revised and v5.5 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-06-06T13:53:08Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v5.5
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0100072/5.5
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v5.5
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v5.5
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 was revised and v6.6 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2018-03-28T22:45:09Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v6.6
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0100072/6.6
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v6.6
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v6.6
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 was revised and v7.7 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2018-05-25T21:45:25Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v7.7
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0100072/7.7
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v7.7
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v7.7
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 was revised and v8.8 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2018-06-08T22:15:20Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v8.8
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0100072/8.8
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v8.8
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0100072 v8.8
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Date Time; Abbreviation: Date Time; Unit: Date and Time (UTC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: xCO2 SW (wet); Abbreviation: xCO2 SW (wet); Unit: (μmol/mol) Mole fraction of CO2 in air in equilibrium with the seawater at sea surface temperature and measured humidity.; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CO2 SW QF; Abbreviation: CO2 SW QF; Unit: Flag for xCO2 sw (wet); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: H2O SW; Abbreviation: H2O SW; Unit: (mmol/mol) Mole fraction of H2O in air from equilibrator.; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: xCO2 Air (wet); Abbreviation: xCO2 Air (wet); Unit: μmol/mol) Mole fraction of CO2 in air from airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface at measured humidity.; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CO2 Air QF; Abbreviation: CO2 Air QF; Unit: Quality Flag for xCO2 Air (wet); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: H2O Air; Abbreviation: H2O Air; Unit: (mmol/mol) Mole fraction of H2O in air from airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface.; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Licor Atm Pressure; Abbreviation: Licor Atm Pressure; Unit: (hPa) Atmospheric pressure at the airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface.; Controlled vocabulary name: BAROMETRIC PRESSURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Licor Temp; Abbreviation: Licor Temp; Unit: (C) Temperature of the Infrared Licor 820 in degrees Celsius.; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: MAPCO2 %O2; Abbreviation: MAPCO2 %O2; Unit: The percent oxygen of the surface seawater divided by the percent oxygen of the atmosphere at 4 feet above the sea surface. Disclaimer: The oxygen measurement is made in the equilibrated air. We have found that the oxygen does not come to complete equilibrium so any rapid changes in oxygen do not get properly captured using this system. Therefore, we tend to use the oxygen data only as a qualitative sense of the biology. It is not a quantitative measure.; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SST; Abbreviation: SST; Unit: (C) Sea Surface Temperature.; Controlled vocabulary name: SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Salinity; Abbreviation: Salinity; Unit: (PSU) Sea Surface Salinity.; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: xCO2 SW (dry); Abbreviation: xCO2 SW (dry); Unit: (μmol/mol) Mole fraction of CO2 in air in equilibrium with the seawater at sea surface temperature (dry air).; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: xCO2 Air (dry); Abbreviation: xCO2 Air (dry); Unit: (μmol/mol) Mole fraction of CO2 in air at the airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface (dry air).; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: fCO2 SW (sat); Abbreviation: fCO2 SW (sat); Unit: (uatm) Fugacity of CO2 in air in equilibrium with the seawater at sea surface temperature (100% humidity). Since the measurements are taken at the sea surface, warming calculations are not necessary.; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: fCO2 Air (sat); Abbreviation: fCO2 Air (sat); Unit: (uatm) Fugacity of CO2 in air at the airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface (100% humidity).; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: dfCO2; Abbreviation: dfCO2; Unit: Difference of the fugacity of the CO2 in seawater and the fugacity of the CO2 in air (fCO2 SW - fCO2 Air).; Controlled vocabulary name: AIR-SEA DIFFERENCE - PARTIAL PRESSURE (OR FUGACITY) OF CARBON DIOXIDE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pCO2 SW (wet); Abbreviation: pCO2 SW (wet); Unit: (uatm) Partial Pressure of CO2 in air in equilibrium with the seawater at sea surface temperature (100% humidity); Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pCO2 Air (wet); Abbreviation: pCO2 Air (wet); Unit: (uatm) Partial Pressure of CO2 in air at the airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface (100% humidity).; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: dpCO2; Abbreviation: dpCO2; Unit: Difference of the partial pressure of CO2 in seawater and air (pCO2 SW - pCO2 Air; Controlled vocabulary name: AIR-SEA DIFFERENCE - PARTIAL PRESSURE (OR FUGACITY) OF CARBON DIOXIDE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PH_TOT; Abbreviation: PH_TOT; Unit: pH of Seawater (total scale); Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pH QF; Abbreviation: pH QF; Unit: Quality Flag for pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Pressure of Licor; Abbreviation: Pressure of Licor; Unit: [hPa]; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: % O2; Abbreviation: % O2; Controlled vocabulary name: OXYGEN - PERCENT SATURATION; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SS Salinity; Abbreviation: SS Salinity; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Delta fCO2 (fCO2 SW - fCO2 Air); Abbreviation: Delta fCO2 (fCO2 SW - fCO2 Air); Unit: [uatm]; Controlled vocabulary name: AIR-SEA DIFFERENCE - PARTIAL PRESSURE (OR FUGACITY) OF CARBON DIOXIDE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: %O2; Abbreviation: %O2; Unit: The percent oxygen of the surface seawater divided by the percent oxygen of the atmosphere at 4 feet above the sea surface. Disclaimer: The oxygen measurement is made in the equilibrated air. We have found that the oxygen does not come to complete equilibrium so any rapid changes in oxygen do not get properly captured using this system. Therefore, we tend to use the oxygen data only as a qualitative sense of the biology. It is not a quantitative measure.; Controlled vocabulary name: OXYGEN - PERCENT SATURATION; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pH SW; Abbreviation: pH SW; Unit: pH of Seawater (total scale); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0100072 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Bubble type equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            type:  Bubble type equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            description:  This type of equilibrators are often used on buoys. Developed by Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory and Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, the h-shaped bubble equilibrator does not require a water pump to spray water from the top. see Takahashi 1961 for more information.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
            type:  Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
            description:  Carbon dioxide gas analyzer has often been referred to as LI-COR, because a lot of researchers choose to use products manufactured by LI-COR incorporation for their carbon dioxide measurement. The main component of a carbon dioxide analyzer is a nondispersive infrared (NDIR) spectroscopic sensors to detect CO2 in a gaseous environment by its characteristic absorption. Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer works together with carbon dioxide (CO2) equilibrator (insttypes_id 184) to measure carbon dioxide in the water. To measure water carbon dioxide, water needs to be continuously supplied to a showerhead inside an equilibrator. As the water flows through the equilibrator chamber, dissolved carbon dioxide exchanges quickly with air in the headspace. This air is then sampled by the carbon dioxide analyzer to determine the mole fraction of CO2 in water.
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  MOORINGS
            description:  MOORINGS
            instrument: (missing)