Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, Spectrophotometer for pH measurement and other instruments from the HESPERIDES in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2003-04-08 to 2003-04-24 (NODC Accession 0108098)


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            title:  Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, Spectrophotometer for pH measurement and other instruments from the HESPERIDES in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2003-04-08 to 2003-04-24 (NODC Accession 0108098)
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number gov.noaa.nodc:0108098
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                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.CLIVAR_FICARAM_VI
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/2220 Alex Kozyr
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/4967 Aída F. Ríos
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                individualName:  Ríos, Aída F.
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        abstract:  NODC Accession 0108098 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from HESPERIDES in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2003-04-08 to 2003-04-24 and retrieved during cruise (HE091) and 29HE20030408. These data include ALKALINITY, DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, NITRATE, PHOSPHATE, Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, Potential temperature (theta), SALINITY, SILICATE, WATER TEMPERATURE and pH. The instruments used to collect these data include CTD, Spectrophometer for pH measrement and bottle. These data were collected by Aida F. Ríos of Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas; Departamento de Oceanograffa and R. Wanninkhof of US DOC; NOAA; OAR; Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory as part of the CARINA/29HE20030408, CLIVAR FICARAM VI, CARINA FICARAM VI data set. The International CLIVAR Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography Program carries out a systematic and global re-occupation of select WOCE/JGOFS hydrographic sections to quantify changes in storage and transport of heat, fresh water, carbon dioxide (CO2), and related parameters.
        purpose:  Basic research
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              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0108098 0108098
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              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0108098 108098
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/588 DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/116 DISSOLVED OXYGEN
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/589 HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/223 NITRATE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/70 partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/263 phosphate
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/572 Potential temperature (theta)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/307 SALINITY
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/333 silicate
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/5 total alkalinity
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/373 WATER TEMPERATURE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/156 spectrophotometer
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/3 chemical
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/52 discrete sample
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/platform/details/1370 HESPERIDES
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/project/details/499 CARbon dioxide IN the Atlantic Ocean (CARINA)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/91 North Atlantic Ocean
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            keyword:  oceanography
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                            name:  NASA GCMD Keyword Community Page
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            keyword:  Ocean Carbon Data System (OCADS) Project
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                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:  (HE091)
            keyword:  29HE20030408
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                title:  Cruise ID
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            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  EXPOCODE
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRATE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PH
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > WATER PRESSURE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > POTENTIAL TEMPERATURE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Version 8.6
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
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                            linkage: http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/learn/keywords.html
                            protocol:  HTTP
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                            name:  NASA GCMD Keyword Community Page
                            description:  Overview of the NASA GCMD Keywords.
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                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  ALKALI
            keyword:  ALKALI_FLAG_W
            keyword:  BTLNBR
            keyword:  BTLNBR_FLAG_W
            keyword:  CASTNO
            keyword:  CTDPRS
            keyword:  CTDSAL
            keyword:  CTDSAL_FLAG_W
            keyword:  CTDTMP
            keyword:  DATE
            keyword:  DEPTH
            keyword:  EXPOCODE
            keyword:  FCO2
            keyword:  FCO2_FLAG_W
            keyword:  FOC2
            keyword:  LATITUDE
            keyword:  LONGITUDE
            keyword:  NITRAT
            keyword:  NITRAT_FLAG_W
            keyword:  OXYGEN
            keyword:  OXYGEN_FLAG_W
            keyword:  PH
            keyword:  PHSPHT
            keyword:  PHSPHT_FLAG_W
            keyword:  PH_SWS
            keyword:  PH_SWS_FLAG_W
            keyword:  PH_TEMP
            keyword:  SALNTY
            keyword:  SALNTY_FLAG_W
            keyword:  SILCAT
            keyword:  SILCAT_FLAG_W
            keyword:  STNNBR
            keyword:  TCARBN
            keyword:  TCARBN_FLAG_W
            keyword:  THETA
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:  ALKALI
            keyword:  CTDSAL
            keyword:  CTDTMP
            keyword:  FOC2
            keyword:  NITRAT
            keyword:  OXYGEN
            keyword:  PH
            keyword:  PHSPHT
            keyword:  SALNTY
            keyword:  SILCAT
            keyword:  TCARBN
            keyword:  pH
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  Provider Variable Names
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  FICARAM VI
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  Reference Section ID
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  OPTSPEC > Optical Spectrometer
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
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                            linkage: http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/learn/keywords.html
                            protocol:  HTTP
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  NASA GCMD Keyword Community Page
                            description:  Overview of the NASA GCMD Keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Version 8.6
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/learn/keywords.html
                            protocol:  HTTP
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  NASA GCMD Keyword Community Page
                            description:  Overview of the NASA GCMD Keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Atlantic Ocean
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Provider Geographic Names
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Pérez, Fiz F.; Ríos, Aída F. (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, Spectrophotometer for pH measurement and other instruments from the HESPERIDES in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2003-04-08 to 2003-04-24 (NODC Accession 0108098). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.CLIVAR_FICARAM_VI [access date]
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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                title:  Pérez F.F., Ríos A.F., Rellan T., Alvarez M. 2000. Improvements in a fast potentiometric seawater alkalinity determination. Ciencias Marinas 26:463-478.
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                    date: (unknown)
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                title:  Ocean CO2
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/oceans/
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                            name:  Ocean CO2
                            description:  CDIAC Ocean Carbon Dioxide web page
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                    organisationName:
                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/179 Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
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                            city:  OAK RIDGE
                            administrativeArea:  TN
                            country:  USA
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://cdiac.ornl.gov
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                            name:  Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) website
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                title:  Carbon Data Obtained During the R/V Hesperides Cruise in the Atlantic Ocean on CLIVAR Repeat Hydrography Sections FICARAM VI, (8 - 24 April, 2003).
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2004
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    code:  CARINA/29HE20030408, CLIVAR FICARAM VI, CARINA FICARAM VI
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                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Hesperides/HE091/
                            protocol:  HTTP
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                            name:  Original dataset at CDIAC
                            description:  CARINA/29HE20030408, CLIVAR FICARAM VI, CARINA FICARAM VI
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                    individualName:  Ríos, Aida F. and Fiz F. Pérez
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
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                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/179 Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
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                            administrativeArea:  TN
                            country:  USA
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                            linkage: http://cdiac.ornl.gov
                            protocol:  HTTP
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                            name:  Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) website
                            description:  Institution web page
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                    name:  Ocean CO2
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -65.999
                eastBoundLongitude:  -7.314
                southBoundLatitude:  24.502
                northBoundLatitude:  36.148
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2003-04-08
                    endPosition:  2003-04-24
        supplementalInformation:  These data were acquired by NODC from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NODC. The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0108098 NODC cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
                orderingInstructions:  Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
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                version: (unknown)
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                    linkage: https://doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.CLIVAR_FICARAM_VI
                    protocol:  HTTPS
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/108098
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/108098
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
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                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0057/0108098/
                    protocol:  FTP
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                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0108098 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-06-05T20:54:10
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0108098 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0108098/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0108098 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0108098 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pH; Abbreviation: pH; pH scale: SWS@25C; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Temperature of pH measurement: 25; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: spectrophotometrically following Clayton and Byrne (1993) CRM batch 54 analysis implied uncertainty of 0.0002; Standardization description: NA; Temperature of standardization: NA.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDTMP; Abbreviation: CTDTMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: WATER TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDSAL; Abbreviation: CTDSAL; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SALNTY; Abbreviation: SALNTY; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: OXYGEN; Abbreviation: OXYGEN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SILCAT; Abbreviation: SILCAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: silicate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: NITRAT; Abbreviation: NITRAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRATE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PHSPHT; Abbreviation: PHSPHT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: phosphate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TCARBN; Abbreviation: TCARBN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: FOC2; Abbreviation: FOC2; Unit: UATM; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: ALKALI; Abbreviation: ALKALI; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: total alkalinity; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PH; Abbreviation: PH; Unit: SWS@25C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  spectrophotometer
            type:  spectrophotometer
            description:  spectrophotometer, optical spectrometer, spectrograph or spectroscope An optical spectrometer (spectrophotometer, spectrograph or spectroscope) is an instrument used to measure properties of light over a specific portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, typically used in spectroscopic analysis to identify materials. Butler, L. R. P.; Laqua, K. (1995). "Nomenclature, symbols, units and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-IX. Instrumentation for the spectral dispersion and isolation of optical radiation (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)". Pure Appl. Chem. IUPAC. 67 (10): 1725–1744. doi:10.1351/pac199567101725. A spectrometer is the general term for describing a combination of spectral apparatus with one or more detectors to measure the intensity of one or more spectral bands."
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  HESPERIDES
            description:  Constructed May 1991; El Buque de Investigacion Oceanografica(BIO)
            instrument: (missing)