ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR visual observation data collected in the South Pacific Ocean on the NATHANIEL B. PALMER cruises NBP0103, NBP0104 and others as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09 (NCEI Accession 0112819)


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            title:  ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR visual observation data collected in the South Pacific Ocean on the NATHANIEL B. PALMER cruises NBP0103, NBP0104 and others as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09 (NCEI Accession 0112819)
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/4587 David DuBois
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                individualName:  Chapman, E.
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/721 Old Dominion University (ODU)
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        abstract:  NODC Accession 0112819 includes visual observation and biological data collected aboard the NATHANIEL B. PALMER during cruises NBP0103, NBP0104, NBP0202 and NBP0204 in the South Pacific Ocean from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09. These data include ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR. The instruments used to collect these data include not applicable. These data were collected by Erik Chapman of Old Dominion University as part of Southern Ocean GLOBEC. The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) submitted these data to NODC on 2013-07-23. The following is the text of the abstract provided by BCO-DMO: Seabird Survey Observations PI Notes: Time and Yearday can be used in conjunction with alongtrack (http:/jg/serv/globec/soglobec/alongtrack.html0) data to find latitude, longitude and ship's heading information. PI Contact: Erik Chapman Old Dominion University Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography Norfolk, Virginia 23529 phone 757 377 0482 e-mail chapman@ccpo.odu.edu (mailto:chapman@ccpo.odu.edu) SO GLOBEC, BG243 Predator Survey Methods Seabird abundance and distribution within the SO GLOBEC study area was investigated using daytime and nighttime (using night vision viewers) survey work. We also recorded seal observations made within the transect area. Nighttime surveys were designed to complement daytime surveys. Daytime Surveys Methods Strip transects were conducted simultaneously at 300 m and 600 m widths for birds. Surveys were conducted continuously while the ship was underway within the study area and when visibility was >300 m. For strip transects, two observers continuously scanned a 90° area extending the transect distance (300 m and 600 m) to the side and forward along the transect line. Binoculars of 10X and 7X magnification were used to confirm species identifications. The 7X pair of binoculars also included a laser range finder. Ship followers and bird observed to be attracted to the ship were noted at first occurrence. These observations will be down-weighted in the analyses because these individuals may have been attracted to the ship from habitats at a distance from the ship. For each sighting, transect (300 m or 600 m), species, number of birds, behavior, flight direction, and any association with visible physical features, such as ice, were recorded. Distances were measured either by a range finder device as suggested by Heinemann (1981) or by the laser distance finder (when in the ice). Marine mammal sightings within the transect were also recorded. Surveys were conducted from an outside observation post located on the port bridge wing of the RVIB N.B. Palmer. When it was not feasible to conduct surveys from this observation post, we surveyed from the inside port bridge wing. Seabird Nighttime Surveys Methods ITT 200/210 Binocular Night Vision Viewers were used during one half-hour survey periods while on the survey grid. Surveys were a minimum of an hour apart. Observations were made from the bridge wing during NBP0104 and outside, from a dark area on the 01 deck, during NBP0103. Observers scanned back and forth looking for birds. Species and behavior of the bird was recorded for each observation. Observations were not conducted when visibility with the night vision viewer was less than 100 m from the ship. Literature Cited Heinemann, D. 1981. A rangefinder for pelagic bird censusing. J. Wildl. Manage. 45:489-493. Species Codes Common Name Code Scientific Name Adelie Penguin adpe Pygoscelis adeliae Antarctic Petrel anpe Thalassoica antarctica Broadbilled (Antarctic) Prion anpe Pachyptila vittata (des.) Antarctic Tern ante Sterna vittata Black-browed Albatross bbal Diomedea melanophris Black-bellied Storm-petrel bbsp Fregetta tropica Imperial Shag (Blue-eyed Shag) besh Phalacrocorax atriceps Blue Petrel blpe Halobaena caerulea Antarctic (Brown) Skua brsk Catharacta (skua) lonnbergi Cape Petrel ('Pintado Petrel') cape Daption capense Chinstrap Penguin chpe Pygoscelis antarctica Crabeater Seal crse Lobodon carcinophagus Elephant Seal else Mirounga leonina Emperor Penguin empe Aptenodytes forsteri Antarctic Fur Seal fuse Arctocephalus gazella Grey-headed Albatross ghal Diomedea chrysostoma Humpback Whale huwh Megaptera novaeangliae Dominican Gull (Kelp Gull) kegu Larus dominicanus Leopard Seal lese Hydrurga leptonyx Minke Whale miwh Balaenoptera acutorostrata Ross Seal rose Ommatophoca rossi Southern Giant Petrel sgpe Macronectes giganteus Snow Petrel snpe Pagodroma nivea Southern Fulmar sofu Fulmarus glacialoides Sooty Shearwater sosh Puffinus griseus South Polar Skua spsk Catharacta maccormicki Unknown Albatross unal nd Unidentified Petrel unpe nd Unidentified Prion unpr nd Unidentified Seal unse nd unidentified large Skua unsk nd Unidentified storm-petrel unsp nd Unidentified Whale unwh nd Weddell Seal wese Leptonychotes weddellii Wilsons Storm-petrel wisp Oceanites oceanicus Behavior Codes Code Description Explanation 1 Feeding Birds or seals observed handling foods or birds attempting to catch food 2 Milling Birds observed foraging or circling 3 In transit Birds or seals moving in a direct line in a definite direction 4 Resting on Ice Applies to both birds and seals 5 Resting on Water Applies to both birds and seals 6 Following Ship Birds only 7 dipping, possible feeding 8 Attracted to ship Transect Codes Code Description 3 300 m transect on the port side 6 600 m transect on the port side 0 >600 m on port side 1 Starboard side (No distance limit) Last updated November 23, 2005; gfh
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                            linkage: https://wiki.earthdata.nasa.gov/display/gcmdkey
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  GCMD Keyword Forum Page
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  http://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/C17/current/3206/ 3206
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                title:  SeaDataNet Ship and Platform Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2019-11-12
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  9.0
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  GCMD Keyword Forum Page
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Chapman, E. (2013). ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR visual observation data collected in the South Pacific Ocean on the NATHANIEL B. PALMER cruises NBP0103, NBP0104 and others as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09 (NCEI Accession 0112819). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112819. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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                    date:  2010-12-16
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                title:  bird_observ from the SOGLOBEC project of the U.S. GLOBEC program
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                    date:  2003-01-27
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                    code: http://lod.bco-dmo.org/id/dataset/2353
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                            deliveryPoint:  Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MS #36
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                            postalCode:  02543
                            country:  USA
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        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) biota
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
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                westBoundLongitude:  -77.4454
                eastBoundLongitude:  -67.6244
                southBoundLatitude:  -69.4975
                northBoundLatitude:  -65.6515
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2001-04-29
                    endPosition:  2002-09-09
        supplementalInformation:  The Data Originator(s)/Principal Investigator(s) for these data: Erik Chapman, Old Dominion University The data were collected during the following cruise(s): NBP0103 NBP0104 NBP0202 NBP0204 The collection of the data was supported by: NSF Division of Antarctic Sciences
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                        voice:  301-713-3277
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                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112819
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                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0112819 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-09-09T13:46:12Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0112819 v1.1
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                                    description:  published 2013-09-09T13:46:12Z
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                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  RV Nathaniel B. Palmer
            description:  Updated information from ICES for the vessel NATHANIEL B. PALMER from UNITED STATES. Use 3206 for all data attributed to the vessel NATHANIEL B. PALMER from UNITED STATES. This platform has a current Call Sign = WPB3210 and two previous call signs, related to owner/company name changes since 1992. Previous call signs for NATHANIEL B. PALMER are: KUS1475 (1992 - ca. 1996) WCE9345 (ca. 1996 - mid-2006) WBP3210 (mid-2006 to present) Name : NATHANIEL B. PALMER Flag : UNITED STATES - US (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : WBP3210 Title : RV Platform Class : 31 Research vessel IMO : 9007257 Commissioned Date : 1992 Current Length : 86 Built : 1992-03 Notes : Data also found under previous call sign KUS1475 Lloyds URL : http://www.seasearcher.com/lmiu/vessels/overview.htm?vesselID=241527 Confirmed by NOAA on 2013-11-19.
            instrument: (missing)