Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and time series profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from HERMANO GINES in the Caribbean Sea from 1995-11-08 to 2015-07-29 (NODC Accession 0112926)


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            title:  Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and time series profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from HERMANO GINES in the Caribbean Sea from 1995-11-08 to 2015-07-29 (NODC Accession 0112926)
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number gov.noaa.nodc:0112926
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/1730 Frank E. Muller-Karger
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/3002 Yrene M. Astor
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        abstract:  NCEI Accession 0112926 includes discrete sample, profile and time series profile data collected from HERMANO GINES in the Caribbean Sea from 1995-11-08 to 2015-07-29. These data include AMMONIUM (NH4), DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC), DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, Dissolved Organic Nitrogen, NITRATE, NITRITE, PARTICULATE ORGANIC CARBON, PARTICULATE ORGANIC NITROGEN (PON), PHOSPHORUS - ORGANIC, Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - water, SALINITY, SIGMA-THETA, TOTAL ALKALINITY (TA), Total Organic Carbon (TOC), WATER TEMPERATURE, nitrate + nitrite content (concentration), pH, phosphate and silicate. The instruments used to collect these data include Alkalinity titrator, CTD, bottle and spectrophotometer. These data were collected by Yrene M. Astor of Estacion de Investigaciones Marinas de Margarita and Frank E. Muller-Karger and Laura Lorenzoni of University of South Florida as part of the CARIACO_TS data set. CDIAC associated the following cruise ID(s) with this data set: CARIACO Time-Series The Global CO2 Time-series and Moorings Project involves international groups from 18 countries who have mounted sensors on moored buoys to provide high resolution time-series measurements of atmospheric boundary layer and surface ocean CO2 partial pressure (pCO2). The CO2 Time-series and Moorings Project is coordinated by UNESCO International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP).
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              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112926 0112926
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              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112926 112926
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/11 AMMONIUM (NH4)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/61 CARBON - TOTAL ORGANIC
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/588 DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/114 DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/644 Dissolved Organic Nitrogen
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/116 DISSOLVED OXYGEN
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/223 NITRATE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/224 nitrate + nitrite content (concentration)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/226 NITRITE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/70 partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/251 PARTICULATE ORGANIC CARBON
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/228 PARTICULATE ORGANIC NITROGEN (PON)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/257 pH
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/263 phosphate
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/307 SALINITY
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/573 SIGMA-THETA
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/333 silicate
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/5 total alkalinity
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/373 WATER TEMPERATURE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/3 bottle
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/8 CTD
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/156 spectrophotometer
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/199 titrator
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/55 time series profile
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/platform/details/8248 HERMANO GINES
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            keyword:  Atlantic Ocean
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                title:  Provider Geographic Names
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            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
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            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Lorenzoni, Laura; Astor, Yrene M. (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and time series profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from HERMANO GINES in the Caribbean Sea from 1995-11-08 to 2015-07-29 (NODC Accession 0112926). Version 2.2. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.CARIACO_TS [access date]
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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                    individualName:  Muller-Karger, F. E., L. Lorenzoni and Y. M. Astor
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                title:  Astor, Y., F. Muller-Karger, M. Scranton. 2003. Seasonal and interannual variation in the hydrography of the Cariaco Basin: Implications for basin ventilation. Cont. Shelf Res. 23 (1), 125-144.
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                title:  Astor, Y.M., M.I. Scranton, F. Muller-Karger, R. Bohrer, J. García. 2005a. fCO2 variability at the CARIACO tropical upwelling time series station. Mar. Chem. 97 245-261.
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                title:  Astor, Y., M.I. Scranton, F. Muller-Karger, R. Bohrer, J. García. 2005b. Variabilidad interanual y estacional del CO2 y nutrientes en la Fosa de Cariaco. Mem. Fund. La Salle Cienc. Nat. 161-162, 235-252.
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                westBoundLongitude:  -64.67
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                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1995-11-08
                    endPosition:  2015-07-29
        supplementalInformation:  These data were acquired by NCEI from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NCEI. The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112926 NCEI cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
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                fees:  Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
                orderingInstructions:  Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
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                  Real:  1.208
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0061/0112926/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0112926 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-09-13T11:01:10
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0112926 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112926/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0112926 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0112926 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0112926 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2016-05-04T13:01:19
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0112926 v2.2
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112926/2.2
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0112926 v2.2
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0112926 v2.2
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: CO2SYS program (Lewis, E., and D. W. R. Wallace. 1998), using Total Alkalinity and pH as input variables, Total pH scale, K1 K2 dissociation constants of Mehrbach refit by Dickson and Millero and KSO4 dissociation constant of Dickson..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Curve fitting method: Seawater was acidified by a titration to the inflexion point using bromocresol green as indicator. CO2 was then purged from the sample by bubbling with nitrogen gas, and the acid excess was measured at 25 8C by spectrophotometer. Alkalinity was calculated from absorbance readings (444 nm and 616 nm), the known amount of hydrogen ion added, and the excess remaining.; Uncertainty: Precision of TA measurements is 4 μmol kg-1, as obtained from replicate measurements. Certified alkalinity reference materials (CRM's) supplied by A. G. Dickson (Scripps Institute of Oceanography) were analyzed for TA with each batch of samples for each cruise. The standard deviation between the mean value of alkalinity measurements of the standards and the certified value was 2 μmol kg-1.; Method reference: Breland II, J.A., R.H. Byrne. 1993. Spectrophotometric procedures for determination of seawater alkalinity using bromocresol green. Deep-Sea Res. I 40 (3), 629-641 Astor, Y.M., M.I. Scranton, F. Muller-Karger, R. Bohrer, J. García. 2005a. fCO2 variability at the CARIACO tropical upwelling time series station. Mar. Chem. 97 245-261. Yao, W., R.H. Byrne. 1998. Simplified seawater alkalinity analysis: use of linear array spectrometers. Deep-Sea Res. I 45, 1383-1392..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pH; Abbreviation: pH; pH scale: Total; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Temperature of pH measurement: 25; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Spectrophotometric method. Analyses were made on board ship within one hour of sample collection.; Uncertainty: The precision of pH measurements are 0.003 pH, as determined from replicates..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDTMP; Abbreviation: CTDTMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: WATER TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDSAL; Abbreviation: CTDSAL; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SALNTY; Abbreviation: SALNTY; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: OXYGEN; Abbreviation: OXYGEN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: NITRAT; Abbreviation: NITRAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRATE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: NITRIT; Abbreviation: NITRIT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRITE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PHSPHT; Abbreviation: PHSPHT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: phosphate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SILCAT; Abbreviation: SILCAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: silicate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TCARBN; Abbreviation: TCARBN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: ALKALI; Abbreviation: ALKALI; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: total alkalinity; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: FCO2; Abbreviation: FCO2; Unit: UATM; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PH_TOT; Abbreviation: PH_TOT; Unit: @25C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PH_TMP; Abbreviation: PH_TMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: POC; Abbreviation: POC; Unit: UG/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: PARTICULATE ORGANIC CARBON; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PON; Abbreviation: PON; Unit: UG/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: PARTICULATE ORGANIC NITROGEN (PON); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: DOC; Abbreviation: DOC; Unit: UM; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TOC; Abbreviation: TOC; Unit: UM; Controlled vocabulary name: Total Organic Carbon (TOC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: NH4; Abbreviation: NH4; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: AMMONIUM (NH4); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SIGMA_THETA; Abbreviation: SIGMA_THETA; Unit: KG/M3; Controlled vocabulary name: SIGMA-THETA; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TPP; Abbreviation: TPP; Unit: NANOMOL/KG; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0112926 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  bottle
            type:  bottle
            description:  any type of water bottle sampling device Generic name for water collection device; usually used to determine temperature, salinity and provide water aliquots for measurement of a wide range of parameters; often referred to by a specific type of water sampling bottle, such as a Nansen or Niskin bottle.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  CTD
            type:  CTD
            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  spectrophotometer
            type:  spectrophotometer
            description:  spectrophotometer, optical spectrometer, spectrograph or spectroscope An optical spectrometer (spectrophotometer, spectrograph or spectroscope) is an instrument used to measure properties of light over a specific portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, typically used in spectroscopic analysis to identify materials. Butler, L. R. P.; Laqua, K. (1995). "Nomenclature, symbols, units and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-IX. Instrumentation for the spectral dispersion and isolation of optical radiation (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)". Pure Appl. Chem. IUPAC. 67 (10): 1725–1744. doi:10.1351/pac199567101725. A spectrometer is the general term for describing a combination of spectral apparatus with one or more detectors to measure the intensity of one or more spectral bands."
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  titrator
            type:  titrator
            description:  titrator
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  HERMANO GINES
            description:  Built 06.1995; IMO9113185.
            instrument: (missing)