Physical and meteorological data collected from current meters and other instruments from Swedish Lightships from 1860 to 1989 (NODC Accession 0113242)

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Lightships were placed along the Swedish coast to lead the Mariners from 1844 to 1972. From 1860 routine measurements of meteorological and oceanographic (hydrographic) parameters began on board several of the lightships.

The history of the lightships is described in the book Fyrskepp i Sverige (Werner, 1999). The first Swedish lightship was laid out in 1844 at Falsterborev. From 1860, observations were made of wind, air and water temperature, salinity and current once or twice a day at different depths mainly during May - November. The number of lightships made observations has varied in time but a total of 14 have collected data in different periods.

The measurements began in 1860 as a kind of test operations at Finngrundet and Falsterborev and lasted for some years. Around the year 1880 the measurements were resumed and then started measurements even on lightships at Sydostbrotten, Grundkallen, Svenska Bjorn, Kopparstenarna Oskarsgrundet, Kalkgrundet and Svinbadan. Measurements at Fladen started in 1893. Later, measurements at Havringe, Oland rev, Vinga and Grisbadarna. Some lightship continued their measurements until the 1960's, Falsterborev until 1972. Interruptions were made during the first and second world wars.

Other hydrographic measurements have been carried out by small boat or from shore. The measurements at Borno hydrographic station were carried out 1909-1989 and now are only sporadic measurements associated with course activities held here. Hydrographic measurements were made at Varberg 1879-1887, Landsort and Utklippan 1880-1922, Pater Noster 1903-1922 and Hattan and Dynekil 1940-1945. Other hydrographic measurements have been carried out by small boat or from shore. The measurements at Borno hydrographic station weres carried out 1909-1989 and now there are only sporadic measurements associated with course activities held here. Hydrographic measurements were made at Varberg 1879-1887, Landsort and Utklippan 1880-1922, Pater Noster 1903-1922 and Hattan and Dynekil 1940-1945.
  • Cite as: Hammarklint, Thomas; Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (2013). Physical and meteorological data collected from current meters and other instruments from Swedish Lightships from 1860 to 1989 (NODC Accession 0113242). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0113242
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  • Originator data format
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1860-01-01 to 1989-12-31
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 63.3167
S: 55.3
E: 20.1667
W: 10.8333
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2013-09-27
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
For additional information about Swedish Lightship see -
http://www.smhi.se/kunskapsbanken/lightships-1.32902
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Hammarklint, Thomas; Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (2013). Physical and meteorological data collected from current meters and other instruments from Swedish Lightships from 1860 to 1989 (NODC Accession 0113242). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Cited Authors
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS > WIND DIRECTION
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS > WIND SPEED
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > WATER DEPTH
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > OCEAN CURRENTS
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • ANEMOMETERS
  • CURRENT METERS
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > BALTIC SEA
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Hammarklint, Thomas; Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (2013). Physical and meteorological data collected from current meters and other instruments from Swedish Lightships from 1860 to 1989 (NODC Accession 0113242). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2013-09-27T10:46:46 - NCEI Accession 0113242 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • anemometer
  • bottle
  • current meter
  • meteorological sensors
Platform
  • BORNO STATION L/V
  • DYNEKIL
  • FALSTERBOREV L/V
  • FINNGRUNDET L/V
  • FLADEN
  • Grisbadarne
  • GRUNDKALLEN L/V
  • HATTAN
  • HAVRINGE
  • KALKGRUNDET
  • KOPPARSTENARNA
  • LANDSORT
  • OSKARSGRUNDET L/V
  • PATER NOSTER
  • SVENSKA BJORN
  • SVINBADAN L/V
  • SYDOSTBROTTEN
  • UTKLIPPAN
  • VADEROBOD
  • VARBERG
  • VINGA L/V
Last Modified: 2017-10-20T17:43:41
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