Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from NOAA Ship RONALD H. BROWN in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1998-01-24 to 1998-02-23 (NODC Accession 0113920)

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NCEI Accession 0113920 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from NOAA Ship RONALD H. BROWN in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1998-01-24 to 1998-02-23. These data include CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11), CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-113 (CFC-113), CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12), Carbon tetrachloride (CCL4), DELTA CARBON-13, DELTA CARBON-14, DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC), DISSOLVED OXYGEN, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, NITRATE, NITRITE, NITROGEN - ORGANIC, Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - water, SALINITY, TOTAL ALKALINITY (TA), Total Organic Carbon (TOC), WATER TEMPERATURE, pH, phosphate and silicate. The instruments used to collect these data include Alkalinity titrator, CTD, Coulometer for DIC measurement, Flask with closed headspace for discrete carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement, bottle and spectrophotometer.

These data were collected by Kitack Lee of Pohang University of Science and Technology; School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Frank J. Millero of Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and Rik Wanninkhof and D. Bitterman of US DOC; NOAA; OAR; Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory as part of the WOCE_AR01(A05), CARINA/33RO19980123 data set. CDIAC associated the following cruise ID(s) with this data set: CARINA/33RO19980123 and WOCE_AR01(A05)

The CARINA (CARbon dioxide IN the Atlantic Ocean) data synthesis project is an international collaborative effort of the EU IP CARBOOCEAN, and U.S. partners. It has produced a merged internally consistent data set of open ocean subsurface measurements for biogeochemical investigations, in particular, studies involving the carbon system. The original focus area was the North Atlantic Ocean, but over time the geographic extent expanded and CARINA now includes data from the entire Atlantic, the Arctic Ocean, and the Southern Ocean.
  • Cite as: Millero, Frank J.; Lee, Kitack; Wanninkhof, Rik (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from NOAA Ship RONALD H. BROWN in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1998-01-24 to 1998-02-23 (NODC Accession 0113920). Version 2.2. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.WOCE_A05_1998 [access date]
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Distribution Formats
  • CSV
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1998-01-24 to 1998-02-23
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 27.916
S: 24.4983
E: -13.3698
W: -79.937
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
  • Project Metadata
    Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
  • Dataset Description
    Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
  • Descriptive Information
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Associated Resources
  • Ocean CO2
    • Ocean CO2
      CDIAC Ocean Carbon Dioxide web page
  • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Ronald Brown in the Atlantic Ocean During WOCE Section AR01(A05) (23 Jan. - 24 Feb., 1998)
  • Chung, S.-N., G.-H. Park, K. Lee, R.M. Key, F.J. Millero, R.A. Feely, C.L. Sabine, P.G. Falkowski. 2004. Postindustrial enhancement of aragonite undersaturation in the upper tropical and subtropical Atlantic Ocean: The role of fossil fuel CO2. Limnol. Oceanogr. 49(2):315-321.
  • Lee, K., S.-D. Choi, G.-H. Park, R. Wanninkhof, T.-H. Peng, R.M. Key, C.L. Sabine, R.A. Feely, J.L. Bullister, F.J. Millero and A. Kozyr. 2003. An updated anthropogenic CO2 inventory in the Atlantic Ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 17(4):1116, doi:10.1029/2003GB002067.
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2013-10-27
  • revision: 2017-02-23
Edition 2.2
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
These data were acquired by NCEI from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NCEI.

The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0113920

NCEI cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Millero, Frank J.; Lee, Kitack; Wanninkhof, Rik (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from NOAA Ship RONALD H. BROWN in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1998-01-24 to 1998-02-23 (NODC Accession 0113920). Version 2.2. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.WOCE_A05_1998 [access date]
Principal Investigators
Authors
  • Millero, Frank J.
  • Lee, Kitack
  • Wanninkhof, Rik
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Cruise ID
  • CARINA/33RO19980123
  • WOCE_AR01(A05)
EXPOCODE
  • CARINA/33RO19980123
  • WOCE_AR01(A05)
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRITE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITROGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ORGANIC CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PH
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > WATER PRESSURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Originator Variable Names
  • ALKALI
  • ALKALI_FLAG_W
  • BTLNBR
  • BTLNBR_FLAG_W
  • C14ERR
  • CASTNO
  • CCL4
  • CCL4_FLAG_W
  • CFC-11
  • CFC-11_FLAG_W
  • CFC-12
  • CFC-12_FLAG_W
  • CFC113
  • CFC113_FLAG_W
  • CTDOXY
  • CTDOXY_FLAG_W
  • CTDPRS
  • CTDSAL
  • CTDTMP
  • DATE
  • DELC13
  • DELC13_FLAG_W
  • DELC14
  • DELC14_FLAG_W
  • DEPTH
  • EXPOCODE
  • FCO2
  • FCO2_FLAG_W
  • FCO2_TMP
  • NITRAT
  • NITRAT_FLAG_W
  • NITRIT
  • NITRIT_FLAG_W
  • OXYGEN
  • OXYGEN_FLAG_W
  • PH
  • PHSPHT
  • PHSPHT_FLAG_W
  • PH_SWS
  • PH_SWS_FLAG_W
  • PH_TMP
  • SALNTY
  • SALNTY_FLAG_W
  • SECT_ID
  • SILCAT
  • SILCAT_FLAG_W
  • STNNBR
  • TCARBN
  • TCARBN_FLAG_W
  • TIME
  • TOC
  • TOC_FLAG_W
  • TON
  • TON_FLAG_W
Provider Variable Names
  • ALKALI
  • CCL4
  • CFC-11
  • CFC-12
  • CFC113
  • CTDOXY
  • CTDSAL
  • CTDTMP
  • DIC
  • FCO2
  • FCO2_TMP
  • NITRAT
  • NITRIT
  • OXYGEN
  • PH
  • PHSPHT
  • PH_TMP
  • SALNTY
  • SILCAT
  • TA
  • TCARBN
  • TOC
  • fCO2
  • pH
Reference Section ID
  • WOCE_AR01(A05)
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/OAR/AOML > Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, OAR, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • POSTECH/SEE > Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • SHIPS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • OPTSPEC > Optical Spectrometer
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
Provider Geographic Names
  • Atlantic Ocean
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • CARINA > CARINA (CARbon dioxide IN the Atlantic Ocean) Data Synthesis Project
  • OACES > Ocean-Atmosphere Carbon Exchange Study
  • WOCE > World Ocean Circulation Experiment
Ocean Acidification Search Keywords
  • Ocean Carbon Data System (OCADS) Project
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Millero, Frank J.; Lee, Kitack; Wanninkhof, Rik (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from NOAA Ship RONALD H. BROWN in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1998-01-24 to 1998-02-23 (NODC Accession 0113920). Version 2.2. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.WOCE_A05_1998 [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2013-10-27T11:06:12 - NCEI Accession 0113920 v1.1 was published.
  • 2017-02-23T18:41:16 - NCEI Accession 0113920 was revised and v2.2 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Replicate information: 1000 replicate samples was run using a new coulometer cell solution. No systematic difference between the replicates was observed. the 1000 m replicate samples run on both PMEL1 and PMEL2 combined had a standard deviation of 1.3 μmol/kg for 32 sets of duplicates, and the results of the surface replicates yielded a standard deviation of 0.9 μmol/kg for 98 sets of duplicates.; CRM batch number: 40=1985.8 μmol/kg.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Type of titration: Metrohm 665 Dosimat; Cell type (open or closed): Closed; Curve fitting method: The titration system used to determine TA consisted of a Metrohm 665 Dosimat titrator and an Orion 720A pH meter controlled by a personal computer (Millero et al., 1993); Uncertainty: The volume of HCl delivered to the cell is traditionally assumed to have a small uncertainty (Dickson, 1981) and is equated with the digital output of the titrator. Calibrations of the Dosimat burettes with Milli Q water at 25C indicated that the systems deliver 3.000 ml (the value for a titration of seawater) to a precision of 0.0004 ml. This uncertainty resulted in an error of 0.4 μmol/kg in TA.; Method reference: Bradshaw, A. L. and Brewer, P. G., 1988. High precision measurements of alkalinity and total carbon dioxide in seawater by potentiometric titration- 1. Presence of unknown protolyte(s)?, Mar. Chem., 23, 69-86. Millero, F. J., Zhang, J. Z., Lee, K., and Campbell, D. M., 1993. Titration alkalinity of seawater, Mar. Chem., 44, 153-16. Taylor, J.K., and Smith S.W., 1959. Precise coulometric titration of acids and bases. J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stds., 69A, 153-159. Marinenko, G., and Taylor, J.K., 1968. Electrochemical equivalents of benzoic and oxalic acid. Anal. Chem., 40, 1645-1651. Dickson, A.G., 1981. An exact definition of total alkalinity and a procedure for the estimation of alkalinity and total CO2 from titration data. Deep-Sea Res., 28, 609-623. Millero, F. J., Zhu, X., Liu, X., Roche, M. P., Moore, C., Jolliff, J., 2000. The pH and TA along 24 °North in the Atlantic Ocean. University of Miami Technical Report No. RSMAS-2000-03, 41 pp. Mehrbach, C., Culberson, C.H., Hawley, J.E., and Pytkowicz, R.M., 1973. Measurements of the apparent dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater at atmospheric pressure, Limnol. Oceanogr., 18, 897-907. Dickson, A.G. and Millero, F.J., 1987. A comparison of the equilibrium constants for the dissociation of carbonic acid in seawater media, Deep-Sea Res., 34, 1733-1743.
  • Parameter or Variable: pH; Abbreviation: pH; pH scale: hydrogen ion concentration ([H+]T), seawater scale ([H+]sw); Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Temperature of pH measurement: 25C; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Seawater pH was measured using the spectrophotometric procedure (Byrne, 1987) and the indicator calibration of Clayton and Byrne (1993). The indicator was an 8.0-mM solution of Kodak m-cresol purple sodium salt (C21H17O5Na) in MilliQ water. The absorbance ratio of the concentrated indicator solution (RI = 578A/434A) was 0.95. All absorbance ratio measurements were obtained in the thermostatted (25.0+/-0.05C) cell compartments of HP 8453 UV-visible Diode Array Spectrophotometers. Measurements of pH were taken at 25C on the total hydrogen ion concentration ([H+]T) scale, in mol/kg solution, and converted to seawater scale ([H+]sw). The overall precision of the pH measurements obtained from the duplicate samples was +/-0.0006. A total of 1997 samples were measured and 24 of them were rejected.; Uncertainty: The overall precision of the pH measurements obtained from the duplicate samples was +/-0.0006. A total of 1997 samples were measured and 24 of them were rejected..
  • Parameter or Variable: pCO2 (fCO2) discrete; Abbreviation: fCO2; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Seawater volume: 120 mL; Headspace volume: 5 mL; Temperature of measurement: 20C; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC (GC) METHOD (Neill et al. 1997); Sample replicate information: The precision of the fCO2 measurements was estimated at 0.86% of the signal based on 89 replicate samples.; Uncertainty: 0.86%; Method reference: Neill, C., Johnson, K.M., Lewis, E., and Wallace, D.W.R., 1997. Accurate headspace analysis of fCO2 in discrete water samples using batch equilibration. Limnol. Oceanogr., 42(8), 1774-1783.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDTMP; Abbreviation: CTDTMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: WATER TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDSAL; Abbreviation: CTDSAL; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SALNTY; Abbreviation: SALNTY; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDOXY; Abbreviation: CTDOXY; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: OXYGEN; Abbreviation: OXYGEN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SILCAT; Abbreviation: SILCAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: silicate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: NITRAT; Abbreviation: NITRAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRATE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: NITRIT; Abbreviation: NITRIT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRITE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PHSPHT; Abbreviation: PHSPHT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: phosphate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC-11; Abbreviation: CFC-11; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC-12; Abbreviation: CFC-12; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC113; Abbreviation: CFC113; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-113 (CFC-113); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CCL4; Abbreviation: CCL4; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: Carbon tetrachloride (CCL4); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TCARBN; Abbreviation: TCARBN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: ALKALI; Abbreviation: ALKALI; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: total alkalinity; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: FCO2; Abbreviation: FCO2; Unit: UATM; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: FCO2_TMP; Abbreviation: FCO2_TMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PH; Abbreviation: PH; Unit: SWS@25C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PH_TMP; Abbreviation: PH_TMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TOC; Abbreviation: TOC; Unit: UMOL/L; Controlled vocabulary name: Total Organic Carbon (TOC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • spectrophotometer
Platform
  • RONALD H. BROWN
Last Modified: 2018-04-23T13:50:29
For questions about the information on this page, please email: NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov