Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the Indian Ocean from 1996-05-03 to 1996-07-04 (NODC Accession 0115151)

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NODC Accession 0115151 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the Indian Ocean from 1996-05-03 to 1996-07-04 and retrieved during cruise WOCE_S04I. These data include ALKALINITY, CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11), CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12), DELTA CARBON-13, DELTA CARBON-14, DELTA HELIUM-3, DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, HELIUM, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, NITRATE, NITRITE, PHOSPHATE, Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, Potential temperature (theta), SALINITY, SILICATE and WATER TEMPERATURE. The instruments used to collect these data include CTD and bottle. These data were collected by Taro Takahashi of Columbia University; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Frank J. Millero of Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science as part of the WOCE_S04I data set.

The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) was a major component of the World Climate Research Program with the overall goal of better understanding the ocean's role in climate and climatic changes resulting from both natural and anthropogenic causes. The CO2 survey took advantage of the sampling opportunities provided by the WOCE Hydrographic Program (WHP) cruises during this period between 1990 and 1998. The final collection covers approximately 23,000 stations from 94 WOCE cruises.
  • Cite as: Takahashi, Taro; Millero, Frank J.; Key, Robert M.; Chipman, David W.; Peltola, Esa; Rubin, Stephany I.; Sweeney, Colm; Sutherland, Stewart C. (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the Indian Ocean from 1996-05-03 to 1996-07-04 (NODC Accession 0115151). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.NDP086 [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0115151
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Distribution Formats
  • Originator data format
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1996-05-03 to 1996-07-04
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: -58.008
S: -65.6995
E: 119.9998
W: 20.0057
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
  • Project Metadata
    Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
  • Dataset Description
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  • Descriptive Information
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Associated Resources
  • Ocean CO2
    • Ocean CO2
      CDIAC Ocean Carbon Dioxide web page
  • Determination of Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Parameters during the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Indian Ocean (WOCE Section S04I, 3 May - 4 July, 1996), ed. A. Kozyr. ORNL/CDIAC-150, NDP-086, 50 pp
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2013-12-18
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
These data were acquired by NODC from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NODC.

The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0115151

NODC cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Takahashi, Taro; Millero, Frank J.; Key, Robert M.; Chipman, David W.; Peltola, Esa; Rubin, Stephany I.; Sweeney, Colm; Sutherland, Stewart C. (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the Indian Ocean from 1996-05-03 to 1996-07-04 (NODC Accession 0115151). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.NDP086 [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Takahashi, Taro
  • Millero, Frank J.
  • Key, Robert M.
  • Chipman, David W.
  • Peltola, Esa
  • Rubin, Stephany I.
  • Sweeney, Colm
  • Sutherland, Stewart C.
Principal Investigators
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Cruise ID
  • WOCE_S04I
EXPOCODE
  • 320619969593
  • 320696_3
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRITE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > WATER PRESSURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > POTENTIAL TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Originator Variable Names
  • ALKALI
  • BTLNBR
  • C14ERR
  • CASTNO
  • CFC-11
  • CFC-12
  • CTDOXY
  • CTDPRS
  • CTDSAL
  • CTDTMP
  • DELC13
  • DELC14
  • DELHE3
  • HELIUM
  • NITRAT
  • NITRIT
  • OXYGEN
  • PCO2
  • PHSPHT
  • SALNTY
  • SILCAT
  • TALK
  • TCARBN
  • THETA
Provider Variable Names
  • C14ERR
  • CFC-11
  • CFC-12
  • CTDOXY
  • CTDPRS
  • CTDSAL
  • CTDTMP
  • DELC13
  • DELC14
  • DELHE3
  • DIC
  • HELIUM
  • NITRAT
  • NITRIT
  • OXYGEN
  • PCO2
  • PHSPHT
  • SALNTY
  • SILCAT
  • TA
  • TALK
  • TCARBN
  • fCO2
Reference Section ID
  • WOCE_S04I
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • SHIPS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • CTD > Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
Provider Geographic Names
  • Southern Ocean
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • WOCE > World Ocean Circulation Experiment
Ocean Acidification Search Keywords
  • Ocean Carbon Data System (OCADS) Project
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Takahashi, Taro; Millero, Frank J.; Key, Robert M.; Chipman, David W.; Peltola, Esa; Rubin, Stephany I.; Sweeney, Colm; Sutherland, Stewart C. (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the Indian Ocean from 1996-05-03 to 1996-07-04 (NODC Accession 0115151). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.NDP086 [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2013-12-18T14:04:09 - NCEI Accession 0115151 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: This system consists of a Model 5011 coulometer, manufactured by UIC Inc., Jolliet, IL, and a sample introduction/CO2 extraction system of a Lamont-Doherty Earth Obs. (CO2 Group) design.; CRM batch number: 31.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Type of titration: Gran; Cell type (open or closed): Closed; Curve fitting method: The titration system for TALK determination used during expedition along WOCE section S04I was similar to the one used in our earlier studies (Millero et al. 1993). The systems consisted of a titrator (Metrohm, model 665 Dosimat) and pH meter (Orion, model 720A). Both instruments were controlled by computer. The electrodes used to measure the emf of the sample during a titration consisted of a ROSS glass pH electrode (Orion, model 810100) and a double junction Ag, AgCl reference electrode (Orion, model 900200) with an inner filling of 0.7 m NaCl. The temperature of both the acid titrant in a water-jacketed burette and the seawater sample in a water-jacketed cell were controlled to a constant temperature of 25 +/- 0.1C with a constant temperature bath (Neslab, model RTE 221).; Uncertainty: The precision of the coulometric titration was 0.002 %; Method reference: Millero, F. J., J. Z. Zhang, K. Lee, and D. M. Campbell. 1993. Titration alkalinity of seawater. Marine Chemistry 44(2-4):153-65.
  • Parameter or Variable: pCO2 (fCO2) discrete; Abbreviation: fCO2; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Seawater volume: 500 mL; Headspace volume: 3-5 mL; Temperature of measurement: 4C; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: A semi-automated equilibrator-gas chromatograph (g. c.) system was used during the expedition for the determination of partial pressure of CO2 exerted by the seawater samples. Its design has been described by Chipman et al. (1993) and is summarized below. The schematic representation of the analytical system is shown in Chipman et al. (1993) as well as in Takahashi et al. (1998).; Uncertainty: We estimate the precision of the pCO2 measurement for a single hydrographic station to be about ±0.15% based on the reproducibility of replicate equilibrations. We estimate the station-to-station reproducibility to be about ±0.5%.; Method reference: Chipman, D. W., Marra, J. and Takahashi, T. (1993). Primary production at 47N and 20W in the North Atlantic Ocean: A comparison between the 14C incubation method and the mixed layer carbon budget. Deep-Sea. Res., 40, 151-169, 1993). Takahashi, T., Chipman, D. W., Rubin, S., Goddard, J. and Sutherland, S. C. (1998). Measurements of the total CO2 concentration and partial pressure of CO2 in seawater during WOCE Expeditions P-16, P-17 and P-19 in the South Pacific Ocean, October, 1992-April, 1993. Final Technical Report of Grant No. DE-FGO2-93ER61539 to U. S. Department of Energy, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY 10964, pp. 124. Weiss, R. F. (1981). Determinations of CO2 and methane by dual catalyst flame ionization chromatography and nitrous oxide by electron capture chromatography. Jour. of Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 611-616..
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDPRS; Abbreviation: CTDPRS; Unit: DBAR; Controlled vocabulary name: HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDTMP; Abbreviation: CTDTMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: WATER TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDSAL; Abbreviation: CTDSAL; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SALNTY; Abbreviation: SALNTY; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDOXY; Abbreviation: CTDOXY; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: OXYGEN; Abbreviation: OXYGEN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SILCAT; Abbreviation: SILCAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: silicate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: NITRAT; Abbreviation: NITRAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRATE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: NITRIT; Abbreviation: NITRIT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRITE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PHSPHT; Abbreviation: PHSPHT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: phosphate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC-11; Abbreviation: CFC-11; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC-12; Abbreviation: CFC-12; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: HELIUM; Abbreviation: HELIUM; Unit: NMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: HELIUM; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: DELHE3; Abbreviation: DELHE3; Unit: PERCNT; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA HELIUM-3; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: DELC14; Abbreviation: DELC14; Unit: /MILLE; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA CARBON-14; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: DELC13; Abbreviation: DELC13; Unit: /MILLE; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA CARBON-13; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TALK; Abbreviation: TALK; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: total alkalinity; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: C14ERR; Abbreviation: C14ERR; Unit: /MILLE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TCARBN; Abbreviation: TCARBN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PCO2; Abbreviation: PCO2; Unit: UATM; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • bottle
  • CTD
Platform
  • NATHANIEL B. PALMER
Last Modified: 2018-09-27T19:38:20
For questions about the information on this page, please email: NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov