Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the THOMAS WASHINGTON in the South Pacific Ocean from 1991-07-16 to 1991-08-25 (NODC Accession 0115171)

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NODC Accession 0115171 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from THOMAS WASHINGTON in the South Pacific Ocean from 1991-07-16 to 1991-08-25 and retrieved during cruise TUNES_2 and WOCE_P16S17S. These data include ALKALINITY, CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11), CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12), DELTA CARBON-13, DELTA CARBON-14, DELTA HELIUM-3, DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, HELIUM, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, NITRATE, NITRITE, PHOSPHATE, Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, Potential temperature (theta), SALINITY, SILICATE, Tritium (Hydrogen isotope) and WATER TEMPERATURE. The instruments used to collect these data include CTD and bottle. These data were collected by Taro Takahashi of Columbia University; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory as part of the WOCE_P16S17S data set.

The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) was a major component of the World Climate Research Program with the overall goal of better understanding the ocean's role in climate and climatic changes resulting from both natural and anthropogenic causes. The CO2 survey took advantage of the sampling opportunities provided by the WOCE Hydrographic Program (WHP) cruises during this period between 1990 and 1998. The final collection covers approximately 23,000 stations from 94 WOCE cruises.
  • Cite as: Takahashi, Taro; Goddard, John G.; Rubin, Stephany I.; Chipman, David W.; Sutherland, Stewart C.; Goyet, Catherine (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the THOMAS WASHINGTON in the South Pacific Ocean from 1991-07-16 to 1991-08-25 (NODC Accession 0115171). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.NDP054 [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0115171
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Distribution Formats
  • Originator data format
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1991-07-16 to 1991-08-25
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: -6.005
S: -37.5133
E: -132.3017
W: -150.5283
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
  • Project Metadata
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  • Dataset Description
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  • Descriptive Information
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Associated Resources
  • Ocean CO2
    • Ocean CO2
      CDIAC Ocean Carbon Dioxide web page
  • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained in the Central South Pacific Ocean (WOCE Sections P17S and P16S) During the TUNES-2 Expedition of the R/V Thomas Washington, July-August, 1991. ORNL/CDIAC-86, NDP-054
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2013-12-19
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
These data were acquired by NODC from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NODC.

The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0115171

NODC cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Takahashi, Taro; Goddard, John G.; Rubin, Stephany I.; Chipman, David W.; Sutherland, Stewart C.; Goyet, Catherine (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the THOMAS WASHINGTON in the South Pacific Ocean from 1991-07-16 to 1991-08-25 (NODC Accession 0115171). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.NDP054 [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Takahashi, Taro
  • Goddard, John G.
  • Rubin, Stephany I.
  • Chipman, David W.
  • Sutherland, Stewart C.
  • Goyet, Catherine
Principal Investigators
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Cruise ID
  • TUNES_2
  • WOCE_P16S17S
EXPOCODE
  • 31WT19910716
  • 31WTTUNES_2
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRITE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > WATER PRESSURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > POTENTIAL TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Originator Variable Names
  • ALKALI
  • BTLNBR
  • C14ERR
  • CASTNO
  • CFC-11
  • CFC-12
  • CTDOXY
  • CTDPRS
  • CTDSAL
  • CTDTMP
  • DELC13
  • DELC14
  • DELHE3
  • HELIUM
  • NITRAT
  • NITRIT
  • OXYGEN
  • PCO2
  • PHSPHT
  • SALNTY
  • SILCAT
  • TCARBN
  • THETA
  • TRITUM
Provider Variable Names
  • C14ERR
  • CFC-11
  • CFC-12
  • CTDOXY
  • CTDPRS
  • CTDSAL
  • CTDTMP
  • DELC13
  • DELC14
  • DELHE3
  • DIC
  • HELIUM
  • NITRAT
  • NITRIT
  • OXYGEN
  • PCO2
  • PHSPHT
  • SALNTY
  • SILCAT
  • TA
  • TCARBN
  • TRITUM
  • fCO2
Reference Section ID
  • WOCE_P16S17S
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • CTD > Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Provider Geographic Names
  • Pacific Ocean
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • WOCE > World Ocean Circulation Experiment
Ocean Acidification Search Keywords
  • Ocean Carbon Data System (OCADS) Project
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Takahashi, Taro; Goddard, John G.; Rubin, Stephany I.; Chipman, David W.; Sutherland, Stewart C.; Goyet, Catherine (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the THOMAS WASHINGTON in the South Pacific Ocean from 1991-07-16 to 1991-08-25 (NODC Accession 0115171). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.NDP054 [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2013-12-19T14:04:20 - NCEI Accession 0115171 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: The coulometric analysis system which was used to measure the TCO2 concentration in seawater samples during the expedition is similar to the one described by Johnson et al. (1985). This system consists of a coulometer (Model 5011) manufactured by the UIC Inc. (Jollies, IL) and a sample introduction/CO2 extraction system of the LDEO design, which differs from the Single Operator Multiparameter Metabolic Analyzer (SOMMA) system used by most of the other participants of the DOE/CO2 program. In the LDEO system (Chipman et al., 1993), a precisely known volume of seawater sample is introduced manually into an CO2 extraction vessel using a calibrated syringe, instead of an automated pipette used by the SOMMA system.; CRM batch number: 6.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Type of titration: potentiometric; Cell type (open or closed): Closed; Curve fitting method: The TALK concentration in 139 samples was determined on shore at the laboratory of C. Goyet of WHOI.; Uncertainty: The precision of the measurements was estimated to be better than 0.1%.; Method reference: Bradshaw, A. L., P. G. Brewer, D. K. Shafer, and R. T. Williams. 1981. Measurements of total carbon dioxide and alkalinity by potentiometric titration in the GEOSECS program. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 55:99-115. Brewer, P. G., A. L. Bradshaw, and R. T. Williams. 1986. Measurements of total carbon dioxide and alkalinity in the North Atlantic Ocean in 1981. pp. 358-81. In D. Reiche (ed.), The Global Carbon Cycle: Analysis of the Natural Cycle and Implications of Anthropogenic Alterations for the Next Century. Springer, New York. Dyrssen D. 1965. A gran titration of sea water on board SAGITTA. Acta Chemica Scand. 19:1265.
  • Parameter or Variable: pCO2 (fCO2) discrete; Abbreviation: fCO2; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Storage method: The samples were poisoned with 200 uL of 50% saturated mercuric chloride solution to prevent biological modification of the pCO2, and were stored in the dark until measurement, which normally was performed within 24 hours of sampling.; Seawater volume: 500 mL; Headspace volume: 3-5 mL; Temperature of measurement: 20 degree C; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: A fully automated equilibrator-gas chromatograph system was used during the expedition for the determination of partial pressure of CO2 exerted by the seawater samples, and its design has been described by Chipman et al. (1993).; Temperature correction method: constant temperature water bath; Uncertainty: The overall precision of the pCO2 measurement has been estimated to be about 0.10% based on the reproducibility of replicate equilibrations.; Method reference: Chipman, D. W., J. Marra, and T. Takahashi. 1993. Primary production at 47oN and 20oW in the North Atlantic Ocean: A comparison between the 14C incubation method and the mixed layer carbon budget. Deep-Sea Res. 40:151-69. Weiss, R.F. 1981. Determination of CO2 and methane by dual catalyst flame ionization chromatography and nitrous oxide by electron capture chromatography. Jour. of Chromatogr. Sci. 19:611-616. Takahashi, T., D. Chipman, N. Schechtman, J. Goddard, and R. Wanninkhof. 1982. Measurements of the partial pressure of CO2 in discrete water samples during the North Atlantic Expedition, the Transient Tracers of Oceans Project. Technical Report to NSF, Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., Palisades, NY..
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDPRS; Abbreviation: CTDPRS; Unit: DBAR; Controlled vocabulary name: HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDTMP; Abbreviation: CTDTMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: WATER TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDSAL; Abbreviation: CTDSAL; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SALNTY; Abbreviation: SALNTY; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDOXY; Abbreviation: CTDOXY; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: OXYGEN; Abbreviation: OXYGEN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SILCAT; Abbreviation: SILCAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: silicate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: NITRAT; Abbreviation: NITRAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRATE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: NITRIT; Abbreviation: NITRIT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRITE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PHSPHT; Abbreviation: PHSPHT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: phosphate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC-11; Abbreviation: CFC-11; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC-12; Abbreviation: CFC-12; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TRITUM; Abbreviation: TRITUM; Unit: TU; Controlled vocabulary name: Tritium (Hydrogen isotope); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: HELIUM; Abbreviation: HELIUM; Unit: NMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: HELIUM; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: DELHE3; Abbreviation: DELHE3; Unit: PERCNT; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA HELIUM-3; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: DELC14; Abbreviation: DELC14; Unit: /MILLE; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA CARBON-14; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: DELC13; Abbreviation: DELC13; Unit: /MILLE; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA CARBON-13; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: C14ERR; Abbreviation: C14ERR; Unit: /MILLE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TCARBN; Abbreviation: TCARBN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PCO2; Abbreviation: PCO2; Unit: UATM; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • bottle
  • CTD
Platform
  • THOMAS WASHINGTON
Last Modified: 2018-09-27T19:38:41
For questions about the information on this page, please email: NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov