Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and underway - surface observations using CTD, Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer and other instruments from the METEOR in the South Atlantic Ocean from 1992-12-27 to 1993-01-31 (NCEI Accession 0115173)


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        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and underway - surface observations using CTD, Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer and other instruments from the METEOR in the South Atlantic Ocean from 1992-12-27 to 1993-01-31 (NCEI Accession 0115173)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2013-12-19
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                    title:  International DOI Foundation (IDF)
                    date: (inapplicable)
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                  Anchor:  DOI 10.3334/cdiac/otg.ndp066
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Dataset ID gov.noaa.nodc:0115173
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number 0115173
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/2220 Alex Kozyr
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 US DOC; NOAA; NESDIS; National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
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                        deliveryPoint:  10715 Eagle Glen Drive
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/179 Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/5016 Douglas W. R. Wallace
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/951 Dalhousie University; Institute of Oceanography
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                        deliveryPoint:  Steele Ocean Science Building 1355 Oxford Street
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/920 Kenneth M. Johnson
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/264 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)
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                individualName:  Johnson, Kenneth M.
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                individualName:  Schneider, Bernd
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                individualName:  Mintrop, Ludger
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                individualName:  Wallace, Douglas W. R.
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1606 GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)
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        abstract:  NODC Accession 0115173 includes chemical, discrete sample, meteorological, physical, profile and underway - surface data collected from METEOR in the South Atlantic Ocean from 1992-12-27 to 1993-01-31 and retrieved during cruise 06MT22_5 and WOCE_A10. These data include ALKALINITY, BAROMETRIC PRESSURE, CARBON DIOXIDE - AIR, CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11), CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12), Carbon tetrachloride (CCL4), DELTA CARBON-14, DELTA HELIUM-3, DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, Delta Oxygen - 18, HELIUM, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, NEON, NITRATE + NITRITE CONTENT (CONCENTRATION), PHOSPHATE, Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, Potential temperature (theta), SALINITY, SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE, SILICATE, Tritium (Hydrogen isotope), WATER TEMPERATURE and pH. The instruments used to collect these data include CTD, Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer, Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement and bottle. These data were collected by Douglas Wallace of Universitat Kiel; Institut Fur Meereskunde; Forschungsbereich Marine Biogeochemie and Kenneth Johnson [affiliation unknown] as part of the WOCE A10 and WOCE_A10 data set. The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) was a major component of the World Climate Research Program with the overall goal of better understanding the ocean's role in climate and climatic changes resulting from both natural and anthropogenic causes. The CO2 survey took advantage of the sampling opportunities provided by the WOCE Hydrographic Program (WHP) cruises during this period between 1990 and 1998. The final collection covers approximately 23,000 stations from 94 WOCE cruises.
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
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            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DE/GEOMAR > GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany
            keyword:  DOE/ORNL/ESD/CDIAC > Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy
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                    date:  2019-11-12
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            name:  GCMD Keyword Forum Page
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0115173 0115173
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                title:  NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
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                    date:  2013-12-19
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/38 BAROMETRIC PRESSURE
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/671 Carbon tetrachloride (CCL4)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/493 CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/494 CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/578 DELTA CARBON-14
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/577 DELTA HELIUM-3
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/584 Delta Oxygen-18
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/588 DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/116 DISSOLVED OXYGEN
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/157 HELIUM
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/589 HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/581 NEON
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/224 nitrate + nitrite content (concentration)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/71 Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/70 partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/257 pH
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/263 phosphate
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/572 Potential temperature (theta)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/307 SALINITY
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/319 SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/333 silicate
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/5 total alkalinity
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/392 Tritium (Hydrogen isotope)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/373 WATER TEMPERATURE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/3 bottle
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/183 Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/8 CTD
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/184 Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/3 chemical
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/52 discrete sample
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/12 meteorological
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/14 physical
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/18 profile
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/obstype/details/27 surface underway
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/platform/details/362 METEOR
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1606 GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/179 Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/project/details/184 World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/seaname/details/105 South Atlantic Ocean
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                    date:  2012-09-15
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            keyword:  WOCE > World Ocean Circulation Experiment
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                    date:  2019-11-12
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Johnson, Kenneth M.; Schneider, Bernd; Mintrop, Ludger; Wallace, Douglas W. R.; Kozyr, Alex (ed.) (2013). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and underway - surface observations using CTD, Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer and other instruments from the METEOR in the South Atlantic Ocean from 1992-12-27 to 1993-01-31 (NCEI Accession 0115173). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3334/cdiac/otg.ndp066. Accessed [date].
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                title:  Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Meteor Cruise 22/5 in the South Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A10, December-1992 January 1993). ORNL/CDIAC-113, NDP-066
                date:  (CI_Date)
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                    name:  Ocean CO2
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                westBoundLongitude:  -47.385
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                    beginPosition:  1992-12-27
                    endPosition:  1993-01-31
        supplementalInformation:  These data were acquired by NODC from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NODC. The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0115173 NODC cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).
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                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0115173 v1.1 was published.
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                description:  Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Replicate information: The system precision data are given in Table 2. For these data, within-sample precision is the average absolute difference between two replicates analyzed from the same sample bottle, between-sample precision is the average absolute difference between duplicate sample bottles taken from the same Niskin bottle, and between-Niskin precision is the average absolute difference of analyses of samples taken from two Niskin bottles that were closed at the same depth. The IfMK group assessed instrument-specific precision by periodically running two replicates from the same bottle (within-sample), whereas precision on the BNL system was assessed by running one replicate from each of two sample bottles filled from the same Niskin bottle (between-sample). The pooled standard deviation (Sp2) is the square root of the pooled variance from the between-samples replicates (n = 2) according to Youden (1951):; CRM batch number: 7 11.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Type of titration: Gran; Cell type (open or closed): Closed; Curve fitting method: The titration cell was based on the systems described by Bradshaw and Brewer (1988) and Millero et al. (1993). The potential was followed with an electrode pair consisting of a ROSS (Orion Inc.) glass pH electrode and a ROSS AgCl reference electrode connected to a high precision digital voltmeter. The titration was controlled by a computer that waited for stable emf-readings before adding the next acid increment; Uncertainty: The precision of the method was ±2.0 μmol/kg as determined by replicate analyses of samples.; Method reference: Millero, F. J., J.-Z. Zhang, K. Lee, and D. M. Campbell. 1993. Titration alkalinity of seawater. Mar. Chem. 44:153-65. Bradshaw A. L., and P. G. Brewer. 1988. High precision measurements of alkalinity and total carbon dioxide in seawater by potentiometric titration-1. Presence of unknown protolyte (s)? Mar. Chem. 23:69-86. Goyet, C., and A. Poisson. 1989. New determination of carbonic acid dissociation constants in seawater as a function of temperature and salinity. Deep-Sea Res. 36:1635-54. Stoll, M. H. C., J. W. Rommets, and H. J. W. de Baar. 1993. Effect of selected calculation routines and dissociation constants on the determination of total carbon dioxide in seawater. Deep-Sea Res. 40:1307-22..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDTMP; Abbreviation: CTDTMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: WATER TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDSAL; Abbreviation: CTDSAL; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SALNTY; Abbreviation: SALNTY; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: OXYGEN; Abbreviation: OXYGEN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SILCAT; Abbreviation: SILCAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: silicate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: NO2+NO3; Abbreviation: NO2+NO3; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: nitrate + nitrite content (concentration); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PHSPHT; Abbreviation: PHSPHT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: phosphate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CFC-11; Abbreviation: CFC-11; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CFC-12; Abbreviation: CFC-12; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CCL4; Abbreviation: CCL4; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: Carbon tetrachloride (CCL4); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TRITUM; Abbreviation: TRITUM; Unit: TU; Controlled vocabulary name: Tritium (Hydrogen isotope); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: HELIUM; Abbreviation: HELIUM; Unit: NMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: HELIUM; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: DELHE3; Abbreviation: DELHE3; Unit: PERCNT; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA HELIUM-3; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: DELC14; Abbreviation: DELC14; Unit: /MILLE; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA CARBON-14; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: NEON; Abbreviation: NEON; Unit: NMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NEON; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TCARBN; Abbreviation: TCARBN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PCO2; Abbreviation: PCO2; Unit: UATM; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: ALKALI; Abbreviation: ALKALI; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: total alkalinity; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PH; Abbreviation: PH; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: C14ERR; Abbreviation: C14ERR; Unit: /MILLE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: ATM_PRE; Abbreviation: ATM_PRE; Unit: ATM; Controlled vocabulary name: BAROMETRIC PRESSURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: XCO2_AIR; Abbreviation: XCO2_AIR; Unit: PPM; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PCO2_AIR; Abbreviation: PCO2_AIR; Unit: UATM; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PCO2_WAT; Abbreviation: PCO2_WAT; Unit: UATM; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SSS; Abbreviation: SSS; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SST; Abbreviation: SST; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  bottle
            type:  bottle
            description:  any type of water bottle sampling device Generic name for water collection device; usually used to determine temperature, salinity and provide water aliquots for measurement of a wide range of parameters; often referred to by a specific type of water sampling bottle, such as a Nansen or Niskin bottle.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
            type:  Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
            description:  Carbon dioxide gas analyzer has often been referred to as LI-COR, because a lot of researchers choose to use products manufactured by LI-COR incorporation for their carbon dioxide measurement. The main component of a carbon dioxide analyzer is a nondispersive infrared (NDIR) spectroscopic sensors to detect CO2 in a gaseous environment by its characteristic absorption. Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer works together with carbon dioxide (CO2) equilibrator (insttypes_id 184) to measure carbon dioxide in the water. To measure water carbon dioxide, water needs to be continuously supplied to a showerhead inside an equilibrator. As the water flows through the equilibrator chamber, dissolved carbon dioxide exchanges quickly with air in the headspace. This air is then sampled by the carbon dioxide analyzer to determine the mole fraction of CO2 in water.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  CTD
            type:  CTD
            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            type:  Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            description:  A carbon dioxide equilibrator is usually in the shape of a vertical tube, with a shower head on the top, some head space, a lot of beads to increase the surface exchange area between water and air, a water seal device at the bottom to allow water to overflow, but prevents air exchange between inside and outside. Carbon dioxide (CO2) equilibrator works together with carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer (insttypes_id 183) to measure carbon dioxide in the water. To measure water carbon dioxide, water needs to be continuously supplied to a showerhead inside an equilibrator. As the water flows through the equilibrator chamber, dissolved carbon dioxide exchanges quickly with air in the headspace. This air is then sampled by the carbon dioxide analyzer to determine the mole fraction of CO2 in water.
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  METEOR
            description:  Updated information from ICES for the vessel METEOR from GERMANY. Code : 06MT Name : METEOR Flag : GERMANY - DE (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : DBBH Platform Class : Research vessel IMO : 6407573 Commissioned Date : 1964 Decommissioned Date : 1985 Current Length : 82.10 Built : 1964 Notes : Was operated by the German Hydrographic Institute (DHI). Information Source : http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meteor_(1964) (URL) Same Vessels Info 61RA - RAPUHIA General Comments: Built as a stern trawler/research vessel under yard No 889 by A. G. ‘Weser’ Werft Seebeck, Bremerhaven for the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Hamburg. In 1985 sold to New Zealand (Dept. of Scientific & Industrial Research) and renamed RAPUHIA. Further info: http://www.shipstamps.co.uk/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=5824&start=0
            instrument: (missing)