Effects of ocean acidification on growth and otolith condition of juvenile scup, Stenotomus chrysops from laboratory experiment studies from 2011-08-24 to 2011-10-19 (NODC Accession 0117506)

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This archival package contains laboratory experiment data that were collected to examine the effects of elevated levels of CO2 on the growth, survival, otolith (ear bone) condition and the skeleton of juvenile scup, Stenotomus chrysops, a species that supports both commercial and recreational fisheries. Increasing amounts of atmospheric carbon dioxide from human industrial activities are causing changes in global ocean carbon chemistry resulting in a reduction in pH, a process termed ocean acidification. Studies have demonstrated adverse effects on calcifying organisms, particularly some invertebrates, corals, sea urchins, pteropods, and coccolithophores. It is important to determine which species are sensitive to elevated levels of CO2 because of the potential impacts to ecosystems, marine resources, biodiversity, food webs, populations and effects on human communities and economies. There have been few studies examining the effects of ocean acidification on marine fish, particularly the juvenile stages of species that support important fisheries. These data demonstrated that elevated levels of pCO2 (>1300 micro-atm) had no statistically significant effect on growth, survival, or otolith condition after 8 weeks of rearing. There was a trend towards a greater gain in weight and length in scup exposed to the mid-level (1726 micro-atm) and the high level (2614 micro-atm) treatments of pCO2 when compared to the fish in the control (1205 micro-atm) treatments, but these differences were not statistically significant. X-ray analysis of the fish revealed a slightly higher incidence of hyper-ossification in the vertebrae of a few scup from the highest treatments compared to fish from the control treatments. The study's results show that juvenile scup are tolerant to increases in levels of environmental pCO2, possibly due to conditions this species encounters in their naturally variable environment.
  • Cite as: Perry, Dean M.; Redman, Dylan H.; Widman, James C., Jr.; Meseck, Shannon L.; King, Andrew L.; Pereira, Jose J. (2014). Effects of ocean acidification on growth and otolith condition of juvenile scup, Stenotomus chrysops from laboratory experiment studies from 2011-08-24 to 2011-10-19 (NODC Accession 0117506). Version 2.3. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5H70CRK [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0117506
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2011-08-24 to 2011-10-19
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 41.211667
S: 41.211667
E: -73.052222
W: -73.052222
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
  • Project Metadata
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  • Dataset Description
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  • Descriptive Information
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Publication Dates
  • publication: 2014-04-28
  • revision: 2014-10-14
Edition 2.3
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: Perry, Dean M.; Redman, Dylan H.; Widman, James C. Jr.; Meseck, Shannon L.; King, Andrew; and Pereira, Jose J.
FUNDING AGENCY: NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program (OAP).
PROJECT TITLE: Effects of elevated levels of carbon dioxide on eggs and larvae of black sea bass Centropristis striata.
PROJECT ID: OAPFY13.03.NEFSC.004.

Both metadata and data are stored in a single Excel file as separate worksheets.

In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
Purpose To determine whether varying levels of PCO2 have any effect on length, weight, otolith size, otolith shape or otolith mass of juvenile scup.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Perry, Dean M.; Redman, Dylan H.; Widman, James C., Jr.; Meseck, Shannon L.; King, Andrew L.; Pereira, Jose J. (2014). Effects of ocean acidification on growth and otolith condition of juvenile scup, Stenotomus chrysops from laboratory experiment studies from 2011-08-24 to 2011-10-19 (NODC Accession 0117506). Version 2.3. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5H70CRK [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Perry, Dean M.
  • Redman, Dylan H.
  • Widman, James C., Jr.
  • Meseck, Shannon L.
  • King, Andrew L.
  • Pereira, Jose J.
Principal Investigators
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Funding Information: NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program (Otolith Condition and Growth of Juvenile Scup, Stenotomus chrysops,and Embryonic and Larval Development in the Black Sea Bass (Centriopristis striat spp.), OAPFY13.03.NEFSC.004)
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PH
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Provider Variable Names
  • D.O. mg/L
  • D.O.% saturation
  • DIC
  • Fish length mean (mm)
  • Fish weight (g)
  • Initial number of fish
  • Number of fish sampled
  • Otolith #1 area mm2
  • Otolith #1 wgt. (g)
  • Otolith #2 area mm2
  • Otolith #2 wgt. (g)
  • Phosphate
  • Salinity
  • Silicate
  • TA
  • Temp C
  • pCO2
  • pH
  • pH probe
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NMFS/NEFSC > Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • OPTSPEC > Optical Spectrometer
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > LONG ISLAND SOUND
Provider Geographic Names
  • Long Island Sound
  • Wepawaug River
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Ocean Acidification Search Keywords
  • Ocean Acidification Data Stewardship (OADS) Project
  • Ocean Acidification Program (OAP)
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Perry, Dean M.; Redman, Dylan H.; Widman, James C., Jr.; Meseck, Shannon L.; King, Andrew L.; Pereira, Jose J. (2014). Effects of ocean acidification on growth and otolith condition of juvenile scup, Stenotomus chrysops from laboratory experiment studies from 2011-08-24 to 2011-10-19 (NODC Accession 0117506). Version 2.3. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5H70CRK [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2014-04-28T16:52:08 - NCEI Accession 0117506 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-04-28T20:05:09 - NCEI Accession 0117506 was revised and v2.2 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
  • 2014-10-14T16:53:10 - NCEI Accession 0117506 was revised and v2.3 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Calculated.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Amber 250 ml polyproplene bottles; Analyzing instrument: Alkalinity titrator; Cell type (open or closed): Open; CRM manufacturer: Andrew Dickson's lab at Scripps Institute of Oceanography; CRM batch number: CRM 112 and CRM 98; Poison correction: no correction.; Method reference: Used spectrometric method from Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp.; Researcher name: Andrew King; Researcher institution: Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Parameter or Variable: pH; Abbreviation: pH; pH scale: Total; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Amber 250 ml polyproplene bottles; Analyzing instrument: Varian Cary 100 Spectrometer; Temperature of pH measurement: 20 C; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Varian Cary 100 Spectrometer, M-cresol purple Lot #1080-253; Uncertainty: Values were not corrected for the dye; Method reference: Used spectrometric method from Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp.; Researcher name: Andrew King; Researcher institution: Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Parameter or Variable: pCO2 (fCO2) autonomous; Abbreviation: pCO2; Unit: uatm; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Calculated.
  • Parameter or Variable: Number of fish each tank was initially stocked with; Abbreviation: Initial number of fish; Unit: Number of individual fish; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Response variable; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Counting; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: This variable describes the number of fish stocked into each tank at the start of the experiment; Replicate information: Fish were stocked into each tank once at the beginning of the experiment; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Number of live fish remaining in each tank at time of sampling; Abbreviation: Number of fish sampled; Unit: Number of individual fish; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Reponse variable; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Counting; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: each fish was individually counted while being weighed and measured; Replicate information: All live fish were sampled weekly for the duration of the experiment ; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: mean total length of fish in each tank; Abbreviation: Fish length mean (mm); Unit: millimeters (mm); Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Response variable; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: Metric fish measuring board; Analyzing instrument: Microsoft Excel was used to determine means; Duration: 56 days; Replicate information: All live fish were sampled weekly for the duration of the experiment ; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: mean weight of the fish in each tank; Abbreviation: Fish weight (g); Unit: grams (g); Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Response variable; Measured or calculated: measured; Analyzing instrument: Mettler PM4600 balance; Duration: 56 days; Replicate information: All live fish were sampled weekly for the duration of the experiment ; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Oxygen as a percent of saturation; Abbreviation: D.O.% saturation; Unit: Percentage of saturation; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Placed YSI probe in each tank; Analyzing instrument: YSI 85, Microsoft Excel was used to deterine means; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: YSI 85 was calibrated daily to an air temperature which matched the water temp being sampled +/- 1 degrees.; Replicate information: YSI readings were taken daily; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Oxygen in millgrams per liter; Abbreviation: D.O. mg/L; Unit: Percentage of saturation; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Placed YSI probe in each tank; Analyzing instrument: YSI 85, Microsoft Excel was used to deterine means; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: YSI 85 was calibrated daily to an air temperature which matched the water temp being sampled +/- 1 degrees.; Replicate information: YSI readings were taken daily; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Temperature in degrees Celcius; Abbreviation: Temp C; Unit: Degrees celsius; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Placed YSI probe in each tank; Analyzing instrument: YSI 85, Microsoft Excel was used to deterine means; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: No calibration is required for this measurement; Replicate information: YSI readings were taken daily; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Salinity; Abbreviation: Salinity; Unit: Salinity units; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Placed YSI probe in each tank; Analyzing instrument: YSI 85, Microsoft Excel was used to deterine means; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: No calibration is required for this measurement; Replicate information: YSI readings were taken daily; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: pH measurement tanken with handheld meter; Abbreviation: pH probe; Unit: millivolts; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Analyzing instrument: Hach HQ11D; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Hach HQ11D was used with probe PHC28101. It was calibrated once a day prior to use with 4.01 and 10.01 buffer solutions; Replicate information: pH reading were taken daily; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Silicate; Abbreviation: Silicate; Unit: umol/Kg; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ observation; Measured or calculated: measured; Analyzing instrument: Quattro, Test range0-20umol/L, 10 mm flowcell with LED photometer at 820 nm, 60 samples/hr, standard deviation is 0.05 umol/L, detetion limit is 0.01 umol/L; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Samples were taken in 250 ml amber polypropylene bottles and ran immediately after collection; Method reference: Method NO Q-066-05 Rev. 3 for QuAAtro Applications developed by the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Shannon Meseck; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Phosphate; Abbreviation: Phosphate; Unit: umol/Kg; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Analyzing instrument: Quattro, Test range 0-4 umol/L, 10 mm flowcell with LED photometer at 880 nm, 60 samples/hr, standard deviation is 0.01 umol/L, detetion limit is 0.004umol/L; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Samples were taken in 250 ml amber polypropylene bottles and ran immediately after collection; Method reference: Method NO Q-064-05 Rev. 3 for QuAAtro Applications developed by the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Shannon Meseck; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Area in square millimeters of the first otolith that was removed from each fish after the experiment was terminated ; Abbreviation: Otolith #1 area mm2; Unit: Square millimeters; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Response variable; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Leica stereo microscope model EZ4D at 160X with camera attached; Analyzing instrument: Image J software; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Each otolith was extracted from the fish, cleaned, dried and photographed under the microscope. Next the photos were analyzed using Image J software to detmine the area. In some case we were unable to locate one or both otoliths or they broke during extraction. Those samples were not used.; Replicate information: Otoliths were removed once after the experiment was terminated; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: weight in grams of the first otolith that was removed from each fish after the experiment was terminated ; Abbreviation: Otolith #1 wgt. (g); Unit: grams (g); Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Response variable; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Metler-Toledo balance model AB104-S/Fact balance ; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Each otolith was extracted from the fish, wiped cleaned, dried and weighed on the balance. In some cases one or both otoliths or they broke during extraction.; Replicate information: Otoliths were removed once after the experiment was terminated; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: Area in square millimeters of the second otolith that was removed from each fish after the experiment was terminated ; Abbreviation: Otolith #2 area mm2; Unit: Square millimeters; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Response variable; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Leica stereo microscope model EZ4D at 160X with camera attached; Analyzing instrument: Image J software; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Each otolith was extracted from the fish, cleaned, dried and photographed under the microscope. Next the photos were analyzed using Image J software to detmine the area. In some case we were unable to locate one or both otoliths or they broke during extraction. Those samples were not used.; Replicate information: Otoliths were removed once after the experiment was terminated; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
  • Parameter or Variable: weight in grams of the second otolith that was removed from each fish after the experiment was terminated ; Abbreviation: Otolith #2 wgt. (g); Unit: grams (g); Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Response variable; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Metler-Toledo balance model AB104-S/Fact balance ; Duration: 56 days; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Each otolith was extracted from the fish, wiped cleaned, dried and weighed on the balance. In some cases one or both otoliths were not found or they broke during extraction.; Replicate information: Otoliths were removed once after the experiment was terminated; Biological subject: Scup; Species ID: Stenotomus chrysops; Researcher name: Dean Perry; Researcher institution: National Marine Fisheries Service .
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • spectrophotometer
Last Modified: 2018-04-25T21:07:03
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