Biological and chemical data of oil-derived elements being assimilated by oysters due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill collected in Alabama and Mississippi coastal waters (NODC Accession 0118498)

browse graphicPreview graphic
This dataset contains stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen in oyster shell, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Shell material was sampled from oysters grown at five sites along the Mississippi-Alabama coast and in Mobile Bay before, during, and after the spill (June 2008, April-July 2010). Samples of SPM were collected from the same or equivalent sites and timeframes. Oil samples came from tar balls, mats, and semisolid oil forms collected from sediments along the shoreline from the Florida-Alabama border to Petit Bois Island in Mississippi. For all samples, the stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen were determined. Oyster shell samples were also analyzed for six trace and minor elements which have been highlighted for use in detection of hydrocarbon pollution (Cd, Co, Mo, Ni, Pd, V).

Purpose: To understand the influence of oil-derived carbon and nitrogen in the diet of the Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), we compared the stable isotope composition in the shells of oysters grown before, during, and after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (DWHOS) to the composition of naturally occurring SPM available as food for oyster, and with weathered and fresh oil. Stable isotope ratios are commonly used to define diets and associated food web linkages. By making these comparisons, we determined that although oil-derived elements were present in surface and bottom waters where oysters were growing during and after the DWHOS, they did not appear to significantly influence the C and N stable isotope composition in oysters.
  • Cite as: Carmichael, R.; Patterson, H. (2014). Biological and chemical data of oil-derived elements being assimilated by oysters due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill collected in Alabama and Mississippi coastal waters (NODC Accession 0118498). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0118498
Download Data
  • HTTPS (download)
    Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
  • FTP (download)
    These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
Distribution Formats
  • Originator data format
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2008-06-30 to 2010-10-07
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 30.40594
S: 30.23994
E: -87.51488
W: -88.46327
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2014-05-15
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
PI: Ruth Carmichael

Carmichael, R. H., Jones, A. L., Patterson, H. K., Walton, W. C., PeĢrez-Huerta, A., Overton, E. B., Dailey, M., & Willett, K. L. (2012). Assimilation of Oil-Derived Elements by Oysters Due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Environmental science & technology, 46(23), 12787-12795.
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Carmichael, R.; Patterson, H. (2014). Biological and chemical data of oil-derived elements being assimilated by oysters due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill collected in Alabama and Mississippi coastal waters (NODC Accession 0118498). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Carmichael, R.
  • Patterson, H.
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > MOLLUSKS
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > MOLLUSKS > BIVALVES
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITROGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SUSPENDED SOLIDS
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • GAS CHROMATOGRAPHS
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GULF OF MEXICO
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Carmichael, R.; Patterson, H. (2014). Biological and chemical data of oil-derived elements being assimilated by oysters due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill collected in Alabama and Mississippi coastal waters (NODC Accession 0118498). Version 1.1. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2014-05-15T11:36:09 - NCEI Accession 0118498 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • chromatograph
  • laboratory analysis
  • mass spectrometer
Last Modified: 2018-03-06T13:21:29
For questions about the information on this page, please email: NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov