Biological and chemical data of oil-derived elements being assimilated by oysters due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill collected in Alabama and Mississippi coastal waters (NCEI Accession 0118498)


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            title:  Biological and chemical data of oil-derived elements being assimilated by oysters due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill collected in Alabama and Mississippi coastal waters (NCEI Accession 0118498)
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                date:  2014-05-15
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number 0118498
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        abstract:  This dataset contains stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen in oyster shell, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Shell material was sampled from oysters grown at five sites along the Mississippi-Alabama coast and in Mobile Bay before, during, and after the spill (June 2008, April-July 2010). Samples of SPM were collected from the same or equivalent sites and timeframes. Oil samples came from tar balls, mats, and semisolid oil forms collected from sediments along the shoreline from the Florida-Alabama border to Petit Bois Island in Mississippi. For all samples, the stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen were determined. Oyster shell samples were also analyzed for six trace and minor elements which have been highlighted for use in detection of hydrocarbon pollution (Cd, Co, Mo, Ni, Pd, V).
        purpose:  To understand the influence of oil-derived carbon and nitrogen in the diet of the Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), we compared the stable isotope composition in the shells of oysters grown before, during, and after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (DWHOS) to the composition of naturally occurring SPM available as food for oyster, and with weathered and fresh oil. Stable isotope ratios are commonly used to define diets and associated food web linkages. By making these comparisons, we determined that although oil-derived elements were present in surface and bottom waters where oysters were growing during and after the DWHOS, they did not appear to significantly influence the C and N stable isotope composition in oysters.
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Carmichael, R.; Patterson, H. (2014). Biological and chemical data of oil-derived elements being assimilated by oysters due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill collected in Alabama and Mississippi coastal waters (NCEI Accession 0118498). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0118498. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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          LanguageCode:  eng
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) biota
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                westBoundLongitude:  -88.46327
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                southBoundLatitude:  30.23994
                northBoundLatitude:  30.40594
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                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2008-06-30
                    endPosition:  2010-10-07
        supplementalInformation:  PI: Ruth Carmichael Carmichael, R. H., Jones, A. L., Patterson, H. K., Walton, W. C., Pérez-Huerta, A., Overton, E. B., Dailey, M., & Willett, K. L. (2012). Assimilation of Oil-Derived Elements by Oysters Due to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Environmental science & technology, 46(23), 12787-12795.
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        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0118498
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Dataset Description
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/118498
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
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            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  0.436
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/118498
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  HTTPS
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  0.436
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0064/0118498/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0118498 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-05-15T11:36:09Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0118498 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0118498/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0118498 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0118498 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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                code:  chromatograph
            type:  chromatograph
            description:  Gas, ion, liquid or other chromatograph
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                code:  laboratory analysis
            type:  laboratory analysis
            description:  use as an observation type
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  mass spectrometer
            type:  mass spectrometer
            description:  Instrument that measure the massess and relative concentrations of atoms and molecules